Know all men by these presents that we Meredith Mannon & Rueben Fugate are held and firmly bound unto the Commonwealth of Kentucky in the just and full sum of £50 current money of Kentucky which payment well and truly to be made to the said Commonwealth we bind ourselves our heirs & jointly and several firmly by these presents sealed and dated this 14th day of February 1875 the condition of the above obligation in such that whereas there is a marriage shortly intended to be had and solemnized between the above bound Meredith Mannon and Rachel Fugate. Now should there be no lawful Occur to obstruct said intended marriage then this obligation will be void else to remain in full force and notice in law
Memorandum of Marriages Confirmed by me in Bath County in year 1825.
Willis Moffett & Caroline Stone on the 4th of Jan Also Rice Burns & Elizabeth Hardin Febr 3rd Meredith Mannon & Rachel Fugate on the 14th Feb…. ….
January the 3rd 1826 – Jonathan Smi…
The legibility of the “Marriage Confirmed” date leaves something of a question. It is unclear in my mind if the date is the 14th or the 17th. Both dates make sense. There are no other 7s on this page to compare his 7s against his 4s. Meredith and Rachel’s father, Reuben Fugate, signed a bond assuring Meredith and Rachel were able to marry. That they married on the same day makes sense, unless there was a waiting period. If Kentucky had a marriage waiting period in 1825 then their marriage three days later, on the 17th makes more sense.
I have decided to go with the 14th because Kentucky does not currently require a waiting period. I’ve tried to find Kentucky Laws in 1825, but have been unsuccessful. If anyone has a source for me to check, that would be a great help. If Kentucky had a waiting period in 1825, then Meredith and Rachel had to have been married on 17 February 1825.
[i] John Newmark started the “Amanuensis Monday” category in 2009 on his Blog, Transylvanian Dutch, and many bloggers have followed suit using the tag. Google provides the following meaning for amanuensis: “A literary or artistic assistant, in particular, one who takes dictation or copies manuscripts.”
[ii] “Kentucky, County Marriages, 1797-1954,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:V5ZH-L12 : accessed 16 September 2018), Meredith Mannon and Rachel Fugate, 14 Feb 1825; citing Bath, Kentucky, United States, Madison County Courthouse, Richmond; FHL microfilm 273,003.
[iii] “Kentucky, County Marriages, 1797-1954,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:V5ZZ-J2T : accessed 16 September 2018), Meredith Mannon and Rachel Fugate, 14 Feb 1825; citing Bath, Kentucky, United States, Madison County Courthouse, Richmond; FHL microfilm 273,007.
By Don Taylor
Enoch Mannin is one of my “go to” ancestors. That is to say that if I find a new database or website I ask myself, should I find something about Enoch on that site? It is also a person that I search for on a system I know little about. Will Enoch be there? Enoch lived a really full life, he was born in Kentucky, he fought for the Union during the civil war. After the war, he migrated to Minnesota and homesteaded land there. So, there are many placed and records that mention him. Also, his name is helpful because is helps me understand the search criteria needed to be used. Are Mannin and Manning the same – Are Mannon and Mannan also included in the same search or do I need to use wildcards.
I think having a person whose life you know a lot about, so you can differentiate him from other people with the same or a similar name, and is a person that appears in many records helps to clarify a collection. For me, Enoch Mannin is that guy. Do you have such a person in your tree that you can always “go to”?
*Parentage unconfirmed but believed to be correct.
Enoch Mannin (1823-1907)
Enoch Mannin was born on 03 Jan 1823[ii] in Owingsville, Bath County, Kentucky. He was the first child of twelve children born to Meredith Mannin and Rachel (Fugate) Mannin.
Enoch appears to have gained a kind of wanderlust while a child. He and his brothers, Isaac and Thomas, were born in Kentucky, presumably Bath county but the family didn’t stay there long.
About 1829 the family moved to Missouri. The 1830 Census finds the Meredith Manning family, with four boys, the three born in Kentucky and one, Tubill, was born in Missouri. They were living in St. Ferdinand, St. Louis, Missouri.[iii] St. Ferdinand is an area of Saint Louis just north of the city much of which is in the flood plain where the Missouri and Mississippi rivers meet. Siblings Reuben and Katherine were also born in Missouri in 1831 and 1833 respectively.
About 1835, the family moved to Indiana, where siblings John, Mahala, Elizabeth, and Sarah Jane were born. The 1840 Census finds the family in Boone County, Indiana.[iv] Oddly enough, one child appears to be missing from the 1840 Census. At the time, they should have had two boys from 10 to under 15 in the household, Thomas (age 13) and Tubill (age 10). However, the census shows only one male child in that age range. I don’t know if one of them was just missed in the census or if one of them was elsewhere. Both do appear in subsequent records. All other children appear to be present in the 1840 census records.
About 1841, the family moved to Carter County, Kentucky. There his two youngest siblings Zachariah in 1841 and Tarlton in 1842 were born.
So, it seems that Enoch’s wanderlust was developed as a child; he lived in at least four different locations in three states while he was growing up.
When he was 20, he married Minerva Ann Tolliver, daughter of Tulion Tolliver and Martha Mannin, on 15 Oct 1843 in Grayson, Carter County, Kentucky. The ceremony was performed by Joseph Nichols who appears to have had a “Christian Church” in Morgan County.
Enoch and Minerva had nine children. They were:
Charlie was probably born circa 1844 and died about 1850.
John William Manning: born between 1845-1846 in Kentucky. He died on 25 Apr 1888 in Carter County, Kentucky. He married Elisa Jane Fannin before 1880 in Kentucky.
Isaac Wilson Mannin was born between 1845-1846 in Kentucky (Probably Owingsville, Bath County). He died on 01 Nov 1931 in Yakima, Yakima County, Washington. He married Hattie T. [Unknown] in 1868 in Kentucky.
Nancy Ann Mannin was born in Mar 1849 in Kentucky (She was age 10/12 during the 1850 Census). She died on 02 Feb 1913 in Ogema, Saskatchewan, Canada. She married Jessie Monroe Barnett on 22 Jan 1867 in Carter County, Kentucky.
Meredith Mannin was born between 1850-1851 in Kentucky.
Sarah Jane Mannin was born between 1854-1855 in Kentucky (Probably Owingsville, Bath County7). She died on 28 Jan 1942 in Medical Lake, Spokane, Washington14 (At age 88 & 4 Months). She married Joseph Hatfield Bryant in 1869 in Kentucky.
Mary Ermaline Mannin was born between 1855-1856 in Kentucky. She died after 1899. She married was married twice.
She married Thomas N Jones on 17 May 1875 in Cass, Minnesota.
She married again to George Washington Gates in 1899 in Cass, Minnesota.
Gresella Mannin was born between 1856-1857 in Kentucky. She died in 1897 in Bemidji, Beltrami, Minnesota.
Prudence Mannin was born between 1859-1860 in Kentucky. She died after Jul 1898. She married a McDonald on 12 May 1877 in Olive Hill, Carter, Kentucky.
The 1850 Census indicates Enoch is living in Bath County, Kentucky working as a laborer. He has a modest amount of real estate (valued at $50). He cannot read and write – a capability he doesn’t appear to ever achieve. With him in the census records are his wife Minerva, and three children, John W, Isaac, and Nancy A.[v]
The 1860 Census indicates Enoch is still living in Bath County, Kentucky. He is a farmer whose real estate value is only $25. His personal property is $80. Living with him are his wife and six children, presumably all his and Minerva’s.[vi] they were
William (John William), age 15, who was working as a farm hand.
Isaac, age 12
Nancy, age 10
Sarah, age 5
Emaline, age 4
Grasella, age 3
All were born in Kentucky.
The Civil War
The civil war broke out in April 1861 when the Confederates attacked Fort Sumter. However, the war built up slowly as more and more men volunteered to serve in the Confederate and Union Armies. In April 1862, the Confederates enabled conscription (a draft). In July 1962, the Union also enabled conscription when a state couldn’t meet its quota with volunteers. Because Enoch was over 35, he probably would have never been drafted, but he did volunteer to serve on 29 Aug 1863. On that same day, he signed a parental consent for his son, and my 2nd great-grandfather, John W. Mannin to enlist early. John was only 17, but he was to turn 18 in the next couple months. Also, enlisting on the same day at Olive Hill with Enoch and John W. was a John N. Mannin. I have not determined the relationship between John N. and John W. or Enoch Mannin, yet, but their simultaneous enlistment cannot be a coincidence.
When Enoch enlisted, he was 40-years-old, however, he reported his age as 44. I don’t know if there was some sort of advantage to being older in his enlistment or not. He was 5’6” tall, had black hair and black eyes.[vii]
He mustered in at Grayson, Carter County, Kentucky on 28 September 1863. He serviced with Company E, 40th Kentucky Volunteer Mounted Infantry. I have not had a chance to follow the action of the 40th. KY Vol, Mounted Inf. yet.
I do know that he was captured by Morgan in 1864 and was finally released.[viii]
He mustered out at Catlettsburg, Boyd County, Kentucky on 30 December 1864.[ix]
After the War
The 1870 Census found Enoch living near Grayson, in Carter County, Kentucky, as a farmer. His real estate value had risen to $250 and his personal property was now $350. Living with him is his wife, Minerva, and four children, Meredith (age 19), Mary (age 16), Gazella (age 13), and Prudence (age 10). All of the children had attended school in the past year.[x]
The 1880 Census finds Enoch and Minerva still together, however, living with them are his son Isaac, Isaac’s wife Tennessee, and five of their children, Samuel, Henry, Frances, James, and Phodeence (?).[xi]
The Move North
In the fall of 1882, Enoch led a group of 9 families from Kentucky to Minnesota. Besides he and his wife Minerva, there were 8 other families.[xii]
His daughter Sarah Jane and her husband Joseph Bryant
His daughter Nancy A. and her husband, Jesse Barnett.
His daughter Mary E. and her husband, Thomas Jones.
His son Isaac and his wife, Hattie.
His grandson, John T. Bryant and his wife Mary (Son of Sarah Jane)
His cousin, Joseph Fugate and his wife Eliza.
The nephew of his son-in-law (Joseph), Squire Bryant and his wife Elizabeth.
Finally, a friend and neighbor, John W. and Mary Horn.
And, of course, all their children. I can only imagine the difficulties they faced on the long, 900-mile, trip from Grayson, Kentucky up to Holding Township, Stearns County Minnesota during the winter. They arrived in February[xiii] and immediately set up households.
The 1885 Census is somewhat confusing. Some oral history indicates that Phoebe Manning was raised by her aunt and uncle Mary E. (Mannin) and Thomas W. Jones and her sister Mary Manning was raised by their father, John William Manning. Other oral history indicates that both Mary and Phoebe Manning were raised by Tommy and Mary E. Jones. In either event, both Mary and Phoebe, along with their older brother Robert, are all living with grandparents Enoch and Minerva Mannin in near Saint Anna in Holding Township, Stearns County, Minnesota. Tomas and Mary Jones were also living in Holding Township, Stearns Count, Minnesota.[xiv] So, it is confusing when Mary and Phoebe lived with Tom and Mary Jones and when they lived with Enoch and Minerva. If any cousins can shed some light on this topic, I’d love to hear.
The Final Move
In the winter of 1887-1888, Enoch and several of the other families moved again – This time to Township 134 (May Township), Cass County, Minnesota.[xv] They began homesteading properties there. In February 1894, Enoch received a patent for 160 acres of land – The NE Quarter of Section 22 in township 134 North (later known as May Township) of Range 31 West of the Fifth Principal Meridian in Minnesota.[xvi]
John William Manning (Enoch’s oldest son and Mary and Phoebe’s father) died in April of 1888. By all oral accounts, the two children lived with the Jones’ after that. Oral history from Mary Manning said that Enoch was very strict and stern. Apparently, getting out from under Enoch’s rule was enough motivation to marry young, very young. Mary married Arthur Durwood Brown on 19 October 1891 when she was only 13 years old. Phoebe apparently toughed it out longer
The 1895 Minnesota Census shows Enoch living in Township 134 (May Township), Cass County Minnesota with his wife Minova [Minerva]. In the same household is his grandson, Robert J. Mannin with his wife, Martha J, and two of their children, Perly and Ernest.[xvii]
The 1900 Census finds Enoch and Minerva still living in living in Township 134. The census confirms Enoch was born in January 1823 and that Minerva was born in February. It has an error in Minerva’s birth year indicating 1881 rather than 1821, but the mistake is clear as her age is 78 years old. The two had been married 57 years. Minerva had had nine children, five of whom were still living.[xviii] All nine have been accounted for.
Dead – Charlie Mannin died c. 1850
Dead – John William died in 1888
Dead – Gresella died in 1897
Alive – Isaac Wilson died 1931.
Alive – Nancy Ann died in 1913.
Alive – Sarah Jane died in 1942.
Alive – Mary Ermaline died in 1941.
Alive – Prudence died in 1940.
Dead (by deduction) – Meredith must have died before 1900.
On 24 October 1902, Meredith’s wife Minerva died. They had just celebrated their 59th wedding anniversary.
The 1905 Minnesota Census shows the 82-year-old Enoch living alone in May Township[xix].
Enoch died on 7 April 1907, in May Township, Cass County, Minnesota. He is buried in Bridgeman Cemetery, May Township, with a marker showing his Civil War service in Company E, 40th Kentucky Infantry.[xx]
Further Actions / Follow-up
I need to follow the Civil War action of the 40th. KY Vol, Mounted Inf.
I also need to research the further moves of the nine families. (Some moved to Washington, some to Canada, others to Oregon.)
Do you have a photo of Enoch Manning, his siblings or his children? If so, I’d be very interested in getting a digital copy of it. Please contact me using the comment form below.
Are we related? If we share Enoch Mannin as our first common ancestor then we are probably fourth cousins. Fourth cousins is about the limit that autosomal DNA can reliably match individuals. If you have a nice, we defined, tree I highly recommend DNA Testing through Ancestry.Com. If your tree has gaps, adoptions, or unknown paternal events, I highly recommend Family Tree DNA. If you haven’t tested, please use one of the links below to order your test. Contact me using the form below if you have any questions. I find it fun to genetically identify new cousins. Hopefully, you will too. [xxi]
[i] Mannin, Manning, Mannen, and Mannon are used interchangeably in various documents. My tendency is to use the variation used in the source/document I am citing from, however, occasionally I will use my preferred spelling regardless of the document.
[ii] Mannin Family Bible, Copy, Mannin Family Bible – Family Records – Births.
[iii] 1830 Census (A) (NARA), Ancestry.Com, 1830 Census – Meredith Manning – St Ferdinand. St Louis County, Missouri.
[iv] 1840 Census (A) (NARA), Ancestry.Com, Year: 1840; Census Place: Boone, Indiana; Roll: 74; Page: 138.
[v] 1850 Census (A), Ancestry.Com, Enoch Mannan – Division 2, Bath, Kentucky – Page 71, Family 486 – Line 26. Source Citation: Year: 1850; Census Place: Division 2, Bath, Kentucky; Roll M432_191; Page: 36A; Image: 453.
I only have one known direct Barnett ancestor, my 5th great grandmother, Catherine Barnett (Ancestor #209) on the Brown line. However, I have some 35 other known Barnetts identified in my family tree. Several Barnetts married into the Mannin and Brown families in my research, so even though I only have one direct Barnett ancestor, the Barnett surname is important in my research.
Barnett Name Meaning
There are two major threads of discussion regarding the meaning of the surname Barnett.
First is that it is a habitational name, relating to where people lived. Once source suggests that the name comes from a town in Hertfordshire, and the name of several parishes in that county. It also suggests it refers to towns in Middlesex and Lincoln.[i] Another source suggests the name derives from Old English bærnet ‘place cleared by burning’.[ii]
A second thread indicates that the name is a variant of Bernard or “the son of Barnard”.[iii] Barnard was a popular name in the 13th century and the Cistercian monk, Saint Barnard, provided impetus to the name’s use. Other popular variants of Barnett include Barnet and Barnette.
I do not know where Catherine Barnett or her ancestors came from. But a good guess would be from England. The New York Passenger Lists on Ancestry indicates that more than half of the New York Passengers with the surname Barnett came from England. My Catherine was probably born in Virginia about 1782. If that is the case, her ancestors never immigrated, rather they just relocated to the colonies.
In1840 there were 71 Barnett households in Virginia and another 119 in Kentucky.[iv] Although Catherine married Meredith Mannin about 1797, I’m sure she had plenty of Barnett relatives in the area. Catherine appears to have died in Kentucky sometime before 1862.
My Direct Barnett Ancestors
#209 – Catherine Barnett (1782-c.1862) – Generation 8
#104 – Meridith Mannin (1801-1885) – Generation 7
#52 – Enoch Mannin (1819-1907) – Generations 6
#26 – John William Manning (1845-1888) – Generations 5
#13 – Mary Elizabeth Manning (1874-1983) – Generation 4
#6 – Richard Earl Brown (1903-1990) (aka Richard Durand, aka Clifford Brown) – G3
My mother – Generation 2
Me – Generation 1
My known relatives.
My records have 865 direct-line descendants of Catherine Barnett identified in my known Brown/Montran tree, which is about 19% of my entire tree are descendants of Catherine Barnett.
52 Ancestors #4 – Minerva Ann Tolliver Mannin (1821-1902)
Minerva Ann Tolliver was born in Kentucky on 5 Feb 1821. Various records during her life record her name in many different ways, Minerva, Manerva, Minora, and Minna. She was probably born in Bath County, near Greenup County, in the portion of Bath that became Morgan County in 1822 and Rowan County in 1856. I also suspect near what was to become Carter County in 1838. It is also likely that the county changes account for many of the different county designations of where she lived over the years.
There is a wonderful interactive map at Kentucky Historical Counties which allows you to select a date and see what counties existed then. If can then easily see the changes in the Bath/Morgan/Rowan counties over time.
There is considerable speculation regarding her early life. One thread indicates that Minerva was Native American (Cherokee). I don’t believe this to be the case. First, in none of the Census reports was Minerva ever reported as being anything but white. Second, as my 3rd great-grandmother, I would expect to have about 3% of her genome. Although I do have 2% unknown or trace, there is no evidence that I have any Native American in my ancestry. Likewise, my mother, who should have approximately 6% of Minerva’s genome shows no proportion of Native American. 23 & Me indicates she has 99.4% European ancestry as do I. Because of the “stickiness” of DNA, although unlikely, it is still possible for Minerva to be Native American. I would be very interested in the mtDNA results of any direct female descendants of Minerva – that should answer the question definitively.
Another theory is that Minerva was raised by Elijah Toliver and used his last name although she was born with the surname Mannin. This theory suggests that her father died when she was very young and her mother remarried. Her mother, Martha Patsy (Mannin), married Elijah Tolliver in 1825. Minerva was 3 years old then, so she probably wasn’t a child of Elijah. This thought is supported by Phoebe Mannin, Minerva’s granddaughter, who listed Minerva’s last name as “Mannin” when she created a family tree in 1973.
A third theory exists that Martha Patsy Mannin had Minerva out of wedlock. Thus, Minerva had the surname Mannin until Martha married. This scenario makes the most sense to me and explains many of the conflicting facts. (I think this is a case where Occam’s Razor applies and this is the simplest answer.)
The records are unclear where her parents were born. Some say Kentucky, some say Virginia. Kentucky became a state in 1792 so it is possible that her parents were born in what was Virginia but is now Kentucky. It is also possible that Elijah was used on some occasions as her father and the unknown Mannin used at other times.
She and Enoch were married on 15 Oct 1843, in Grayson, Morgan County, Kentucky, when she was 22 years old. She had nine children, five girls and four boys. Four of her children preceded her in death.
John William Mannin (1846-1888)
Isaac Wilson Mannin (1848-1931)
Nancy Ann Mannin Barnett (1849-1913)
Meredith Mannin (1851-
Sarah Jane Mannin Bryant (1855-1942)
Mary Ermaline Mannin Jones Gates (1856-1899)
Gresella Mannin (1857-1897)
Prudence Mannin Bare McDonald (1860-1898)
Robert J Mannin (1869-Following her and Enoch while they were in Kentucky is very confusing. They appear to have moved between Bath, Carter, and Morgan counties between 1843 and 1883. (All are in northeast Kentucky.) However, as mentioned before they are all within a short distance from each other depending upon the year being considered. This could be an excellent area for further research and study.
Her husband, Enoch, served the North during the Civil War (War of Rebellion or War of Northern Aggression depending upon your point of view)
In 1880, she and Enoch were still in Carter County, Kentucky.
She and Enoch moved to Minnesota in April 1883 to Holding township in Stearns County; their post office was Saint Anna.
Their eldest son, John William Manning, had two daughters, Mary & Phebe. John’s wife died in 1882 and the girls were living with their grandparents, Enoch and Minerva, in 1885. We aren’t sure how long they stayed with them.
Enoch moved the family to Cass County in April, 1888. They settled on 160 acres in May Township, Cass County, Minnesota; Enoch received a homestead patent in 1894 for the land. Minerva’s life was that of a farmer’s wife; she kept house on the land that her husband owned and raised 9 children.
A Google map view of the property (Northeast quarter of section 22, township 134 (May Township), Range 31, today indicates a swampy bit of land along a creek without any evidence of current farming or of the original homestead. She continued to live on the farm in May township until her death in 1902.
Minerva’s marker and death certificate are inconsistent. One says she died on October 24th the other October 25. One says died at 81 years, 8 mos, 20 days (making her birth Feb 5, 1821) the other says she died at 82 years, 8 mos, 21 days (making her birth Feb 3, 1920). The 1821 date is probably correct as she was x9 years old during most of the earlier census reports. She is buried in Bridgeman Cemetery in Cass County.
I remember Minerva and celebrate her life today, the 193rd anniversary of her birth.
Tombstone/Marker Minerva A, Bridgeman Cemetery, Cass County, Minnesota (Personal visit)
1850 US Federal Census – Via Ancestry.Com
1860 US Federal Census – Via Ancestry.Com
1880 US Federal Census – Via Ancestry.Com
1885 Minnesota, Territorial and State Census – Via Ancestry.com
1895 Minnesota Territorial and State Censuses – Via Ancestry.com
1900 US Federal Census – Via Ancestry.Com
Department of the Interior – Bureau of Pensions – Questionnaire, Enoch Mannin – 20 Nov 1897.
I ran into a great site as part of the Kentucky Department of Libraries and Archives at Department of Confederate Pensions (1912 – 1946). More than just the application for pension, it also contains supporting documentation. In the case of an ancestor that I was looking at, not only did the site have his application, it had confirmation regarding his muster dates, that he was wounded twice during the war. It also included his death certificate and some follow-up documentation (handwritten letters) about where to send his final payment – to a daughter who was going by a first name I hadn’t know beforehand.
Kentucky didn’t pass the Confederate Pension act until 1912, so the veteran had to live 47 years after the war (into the individual’s late 60’s or older) and needed to have remained in Kentucky.
A great feature is that you can search and display applications by county, so I could look at all of the applications from folks in Morgan county at once.