Ancestry indicates that “Scott” is an ethnic name for someone with Scottish connections. However, the Scottish and Irish consider it the ethnic name for a Gaelic speaker.[I]
Genealogy Bank indicates “Scott” is simply a surname of Scottish origin, first attributed to Uchtredus filius Scoti who was involved in the foundation of Holyrood Abbey and Selkirk in 1120.[ii]
Forebears echos the sources that Ancestry and Genealogy Bank provide but goes into much greater depth into the life of Uchtredus filius Scoti and of other Scotts.[iii]
Although “Scotte”, “Scotts”, and “Scotch” are similar surnames, they total less than one-fiftieth of the number of people that have “Scott” as their surname.
Today,[iv] there are approximately 861,504 people in the world with the Scott surname. The vast majority, over 500,000, live in the United States. It is most common in Scotland where one in every 195 individuals is a “Scott.”
In the United States, there are more people with the “Scott” surname in Texas than any other state, however, the “Scott” surname is most frequently found in South Carolina where one in 384 people are named “Scott.”
4th Great-Grandfather: Samuel Kinkade Scott (1809-____)*[v]
5th Great-Grandfather: John Scott (1784-1855)*
6th Great-Grandfather: 288. William Jarvis Scott (____-____)*
7th Great-Grandfather: 576. James Scott (1719-1783)*
In 1920, my great-grandmother, Clora Dell Scott, was married, widowed, and remarried and living in Hutsonville, Crawford County, Illinois with her husband, Hosea Lee Adams. With her are three or her children, Bert, Harry, and Mabel. Her eldest daughter, Carrie, died in 1906.
Meanwhile, her father, Samuel Vaden Scott was living about 135 miles southwest in Goode Township, Franklin County, Illinois where the 57-year-old is working as a night watchman. Living with him is his second wife, Lovinia and his youngest son, William.
The 1920 Census indicates there were about 2,974 individuals with the Scott Name living in Illinois. Forty-eight of them are known to be related to my Scott Family.
The 1880 Census found the 19-year-old Samuel Scott married to Amanda and newly blessed with their oldest daughter, Clara. They live in Barren Township, Franklin County Illinois where Samuel is farming. Samuel Scott’s father, William Hunt Scott is probably living in Illinois. (Although I have not found him in the 1880 Censuses.)
In 1840, Samuel Vaden Scott hadn’t been born yet. His father, William Hunt Scott was only about six years old. He was living with his parents, Samuel Kinkade and Elizabeth (Hunt) Scott along with two sisters, Sarah and Mary in St. Clair County, Illinois.
Samuel Kinkade’s parents were living, however, I have not had the time to trace them in the 1840 censuses.
My earliest known ancestor is thought to be James Scott who was born in what is now known as Northern Ireland in 1719. I don’t know (yet) when he immigrated, but he died in Virginia in 1783. So, it appears that this line arrived to the colonies sometime before the revolution. My suspicion is that James came to the Colonies about 1740 during the Irish Famine of 1740-1741 where between 15 and 20 percent of the population of the Kingdom of Ireland died.
I have 129 known descendants from James Scott (1719-1783) in my tree (See: Roberts-Brown-2020). For Scott photos, please see my Flickr page of “Scott Photos.”
Martha Melinda Montgomery Haley Midyett had a rough life. She married young (17), had six children who she saw die. She also was widowed – twice. There was no informant for her death certificate, and she was, apparently, buried without a marker.
4th Great-grandfather: Leonard L. Montgomery (1814-___)
Martha’s birthdate is one of the most confounding set of birth information I’ve encountered. I am confident that she was born on 5 October 1839 in Tennessee, probably Bedford county. Her parents were Leonard L and Syrena (Meadows) Montgomery; she was the third of seven children born to Syrena. The 1850 Census is the record that was closest to her birth and it indicated she was ten years old at the time. The following census records suggest her being born in 1838, 1839, or 1840.
The monument (marker) for her first husband indicates her birthdate as 5 October 1835; however, there is no corroborating documentation. Likewise, her death record appears to say her birthdate is F. 1st 1836. That record also indicates her age at death as being 77 years, 11 months, and 22 days, suggesting a death date of 30 or 31 July 1836.
The 1840 Census didn’t indicate individual’s names, only the head of household’s name was enumerated. In this case, her father, Leonard L. Montgomery, is living in Bedford County, Tennessee. Living with him is a young boy, two very young girls, and a young woman. That fits with what I believe the family unit should have included
Leonard Age 20 to 30 – He should be 26.
Syrena Age 20 to 30 – She should be 25.
William Age 5 to 10 – He should be 5 or 6.
Mary-Ann Under 5 – She should be 2.
Martha Under 5 – She should be 1.
The 1850 Census is the first census to list names in a household. The Leonard Montgomery household of 1850 consisted of the following:
Name Sex Age Born
Lenard Montgomery M 36 Tennessee
Syrenia Montgomery F 35 North Carolina
Wm G M Montgomery M 15 Tennessee
Mary Ann Montgomery F 11 Tennessee
Martha M Montgomery F 10 Tennessee
John H Montgomery M 9 Tennessee
Thomas J Montgomery M 6 Tennessee
James H Montgomery M 5 Tennessee
Harriet J Montgomery F 0 Tennessee
This has the appearance of a traditional family.
1857 – Marriage
If the Montgomery family lived on the eastern side of Bedford County, the nearest larger town to them would have been Manchester in Coffee County. That is where the 17-year-old Martha was married to Andrew J. Haley on 20 August 1857 By L. F Dillard, Justice of the Peace.
The Haley family of 1860 consisted of:
A.J. (Andrew) Age 23
Malinda Age 21 May (aka Mary) Age 1
Ben Age 81
Nancy Age 70
I believe that Benjamin and Nancy Haley (ages 81 and 70) are likely his grandparents.
Andrew was 25 in 1860. For Andrew to be Nancy’s child, she would have had to have him at age 45 and Benjamin would have been 56. Possible, but it is much more likely that Benjamin and Nancy are Andrew’s grandparents. Further research will be needed to prove that.
Sometime between 1860 and 1870, they moved the 235 miles from Manchester, Tennessee, to Ewing, Franklin County, Illinois. During that period, Franklin County grew nearly 35% to 12,653.
The 1870 Census finds Martha keeping house and has two children, Mary and Amanda, living with her and Andrew. Later, we will learn that Martha had eight children; only three lived to adulthood. The 10-year gap between Amanda’s birth and the 1870 census suggests that that decade was horrific for Martha and Andrew with several children dying.
Martha’s daughter Mary married Theodore Edward Curry; they had a child, Martha (Mattie). Mary and Mattie are living with Martha and Andrew as well as daughter Serina. Mary is listed as “Confined.” The nature of her (Mary’s) disability is not listed.
The census taker entered the age of the individuals in years and months. So, the household included the following people:
Name Age Suggested Birthdate
Andrew J. Hailey 44 5/12 Dec 1835
Martha M Hailey 40 8/12 Sep 1939
Mary F Curry 21 8/12 Sep 1858
Serina J Hailey 9 2/12 Mar 1871
Martha L Curry 1 5/12 Dec 1878
The 1900 Census is where we learn what a tough life Martha had. It indicates she had eight children and only two were living. With her and Andrew are two granddaughters, Clora and Laura, two of the daughters of Martha’s daughter, Amanda. Amanda died in 1889 at the age of 28.
Living in the household was a boarder, Budge Casey, a farm laborer.
1905 Death of Andrew
Andrew died in 1905, leaving Martha a widow.
1906 – Marriage to Lacy Midyett
The 67-year-old Martha quickly remarried a widower, Lacy Meadows Midyett.
1910 – Martha lived with Lacy in Goode Township (a change from Barren township where she lived with Andrew). The household consisted of 75-year-old Lacy and 70-year-old Martha. Living with them was a granddaughter of Lacy, Ema Sweet.
1912 – Martha’s husband, Rev. Lacy Meadows Midyett, died in Chicago on 5 December 1912.
1914 – Martha died in Goode Township, Franklin County, Illinois, on 22 July 1914.
Green Birth, Blue Marriage, Read Death.
Tennessee, Bedford County – Birth, 1840, 1850,
Tennessee, Coffee County – Marriage 1, 1860
Illinois, Franklin County – 1865, 1870, 1880, 1900, marriage 2, death.
Samuel Vaden Scott was married twice. The first time with Amanda Jane Haley. He and Amanda had four children. Amanda died in 1889 and Samuel remarried. The original children seemed to scatter and Samuel and new wife Luvenia had five children. There isn’t any evidence that the children of the first marriage ever interacted with the children of the second marriage.
RB-18 – Samuel Vaden Scott (1860-1931)
Again, I find that creating a table showing the various records which speak of an individual’s birth can bring clarity out of conflicting records. I think this is particularly important when other researchers suggest conflicting dates for an individual’s birth.
Records indicating birth year of Samuel Vaden Scott
1879 Marriage Index
1931 Find a Grave
1931 Ill. Deaths Index
It is a clear case where the early records provide consistent birth information; however, Samuel became younger as he aged.
It is not clear how many siblings Samuel grew up with. He had a sister, Viola, one year older, and had two brothers, Francis and William, who were ten and 11 years younger respectively. I need to do more research to determine if there were other siblings, so far unknown.
Samuel was born in Franklin County, Illinois. At age 9, the family lived in Freeburg, Saint Clair County, Illinois. The family consisted of his parents, William and Emily Scott, his older sister, Viola, and his infant brother, Francis.
Samuel married Amanda Jane Haley on 24 May 1879. And their daughter, Clara was born seven months later, in December 1879. (They say the first child can come anytime, the rest take nine months.)
The 1880 Census records the family living in Barren, Franklin County, Illinois. Samuel is a farmer and his wife is keeping house. Daughter Clara is present and shown to have been born in December. Interestingly, Amanda’s entry indicates that her age is 19-2/12. I don’t believe I’ve ever seen the months entered for a person that old. That age is consistent with other records which indicate Amanda was born in March, 1861.
In February 1883, their second daughter Clora was born. Their having daughters named Clara and Clora has made my research more difficult because a handwritten “a” and a handwritten “o” can look much alike, particularly when followed by an “r”.
Amanda died in 1889. More research is needed to understand her death at only 27 years of age.
On Christmas Day 1892, Samuel Vaden Scott married the widow Lavina (Allmend) Shockley; Lavina had had two children with her first husband. One child is unknown, the other was, I believe, Alma Gertrude Shockley. Gertrude, as she was known, adopted the surname Scott.
Elmer, Amanda, Lillie, Flossie, and William. It is unusual that their first girl of Sam and Lavina was named Amanda, the same first name as Samuel’s deceased first wife.
We may never know if it was the death of Amanda that sent the family moving west but, by 1900 the family had located 110 miles west to St. Francois Township, St. Francois County, Missouri. Besides Sam and Luvina (Lavina) and their children (Gertrude is identified as Samuel’s daughter, not his step-daughter as I believe she was) are two boarders, Robert Montgomery and Clarence Williams.
The 1910 Census finds the family had moved 30 miles east to Sainte Genevieve Township, Sainte Genevieve County, Missouri. The family, Samuel and Livina (Lavina), included four children, Gertrude, Elmer, Lillian and Edward. Flossie Ann was born and had died during the previous decade. Samuel was still a farm hand and they were renting a house (not a farm).
The 1920 Census found the family had returned to Franklin County, Illinois. Now to Goode Township. Only William was still with Sam and Lavina. Elmer died in 1916; I presume that Lillie had married Jessie Wilkerson.
By 1930, Sam and Luvina had returned to Sainte Genevieve County, Missouri. They were living in Union Township (not to be confused with Union, Missouri).
Samuel Vaden Scott died of liver cancer on 28 July 1931 at the home of his son, William Edward Scott in Goode Township, Franklin County, Illinois. He was buried at Maple Hill Cemetery in Sesser, Franklin County, Illinois. He was survived by his wife, Lavina; three daughters, Clara Maybelle (Scott) Mooneyham, Clora Dell (Scott) Roberts Adams, and Lillie Ellen (Scott) Wilkerson; a son, William Edward Scott.
Further Actions / Follow-up
Research the period between Samuel’s birth and the birth of Francis.
Patience Anna Marshall’s childhood appears to be pretty much non-existent. Evidence indicates her father died before she was six years old. She was married at 13 years-old, had a child, possibly two, and was widowed by 18. She married a second time, while she was still only 18, and was widowed a second time at 41 years of age.
Late in life, she lived alone. At 71, she suffered a stroke which left her outdoors, lying in water, overnight, until someone noticed her the following day. After her death, she received no marker—no memorial—to commemorate her life.
List of Grandparents
Grand Parent: Bert Allen Roberts
1st Great: Hugh Ellis Roberts
2nd Great: Patience Anna Marshall
Patience Anna Marshall was born on 30 December 1845. That is the date she indicated as her birthdate when she wanted an increase in her pension payment in 1917. This date is confirmed by the 1900 census which indicates she was born in December 1845.
I suspect she had a difficult childhood. She first shows up in the 1850 Census. There, six-year-old, Patience is living with her mother, Jane Marshall, and apparently a younger brother of Jane, Thomas Lawson, and his new wife Susanna. Thomas was 21, but Susanna was only 14; the census indicates that Thomas and Susanna were married in the past year. Jane was 30 and there is no evidence of her husband in that household. One interesting note about the 1850 Census, it indicates that both Patience and her mother were born in Tennessee. In all subsequent records Patience is always shown as having been born in Illinois, however, it is possible that she was born in Tennessee, like her parents. Further research is needed on Jane (Lawson) Marshall to clear up this conflict.
On 7 August 1859, Patience married Thomas Dean. According to the 1860 Census, she and Thomas had been married less than a year and Patience was 17 years old. In reality, Patience was only 14 years old at the 1960 Census time. She had been only 13 years old when she married Thomas Dean.
On 3 February 1863, Thomas Dean died at the home of Thomas and Susan (Mendenhall) Lawson at Ewing, IL.  This appears to be the same Thomas and Susanna that she was living with during the 1850 census and is likely Patience’s uncle.
Elnora Dean, the only known child of Patience and Thomas was born on 26 March 1863, seven weeks after Thomas’ death.
I did a thorough search looking for Patience and/or Elnora Dean in the 1870 Census records without success. Anyone who found them, I’d love feedback below.
Meanwhile, Asa Robert’s first wife, Elizabeth Minerva Toney, died on 26 May 1872 leaving Asa a widower with several children. Three months later, on 25 August 1872, Asa and Patience were married in Jefferson County.
Eleven months later, Patience’s first child with Asa, Charles Wilson Roberts, was born.
Rosa Della Roberts was born on 26 May 1875.
Florence Elizabeth Roberts was born on 21 Jan 1880.
The 1880 Census shows none of the children of Asa’s first wife’s family still living with him. Only he, Patience, their children together (Charles, Della, and Florence) and Patience’s daughter from her previous marriage (Elnora Dean) are living in Elk Prairie, Jefferson County, Illinois as a household.
On 2 July 1884, great-grandfather Hugh Ellis Roberts was born. Patience would have been 41 years old.
Asa Roberts died on 5 October 1886 and Patience immediately applied for a widow’s pension and was granted it. I have several documents from her widow’s pension application that need to be transcribed, (They are difficult to read and may need to be electronically enhanced.) which may shed further light onto Asa and Patience’s lives.
The 1900 Census finds (Patience) Anna Roberts living with her two youngest children, Florence and Hugh and a granddaughter. Although Florence is listed in the census as single, the granddaughter is Florence’s child, Nellie.
In 1908, Patience’s youngest child, my great-grandfather, Hugh Ellis Roberts died from consumption at the age of 24.
The 1910 Census show the widow Patience A Roberts loving alone. She owned her own farm near Barren, Franklin County, Illinois.
The Mt. Vernon Register, dated April 4, 1917, reports a very sad story about Patience Roberts:
“Aunt” Patience Roberts, aged 73 [sic s/b 71] of Ina, who is visiting with the family of James Derrington, [her daughter Rosa Della Roberts Derrington’s home] suffered a stroke of paralysis last Friday evening and the stroke came upon her as she was on her way to the home of a neighbor, about dusk.
She fell heavily to the ground and where she fell there was a sort of a branch and in it considerable water, but fortunately the old lady did not fall on her face and so escaped being drowned.
She was not a great distance from the place where she had started and saw the folks when they went to the barn that evening to milk but could not make an outcry sufficient to attract their attention and she was compelled to lie in the water all night.
The next morning her plight was slightly improved but she could not make herself heard and children playing near the place saw something unusual moving in the depression and it frightened them. They rushed to the house and told their parents what they had discovered and within a very short time kind hands had removed the old lady to more comfortable quarters. Her condition at this time shows much improvement.
In any event, having a stroke and lying in a water puddle all night is a sad event. It is events like this that remind us of the importance of watching out for our senior citizens. The story also makes me wonder why her daughter, Rosa, didn’t notice that her mother was missing.
Patience died on 26 July 1919 in Sesser, Franklin County, Illinois. She was buried on 30 July 1919 at the New Hope Cemetery near Ina, Spring Garden Township, Jefferson County, Illinois. She has no marker.
Process/translate Patience Anna Roberts widow pension application and incorporate new information.
Search further for Patience and/or her daughter in the 1870 Census.
Extend research to second level sources.
When I win the lottery, have a marker made and placed to memorialize the life of Patience Anna Marshall, Dean, Roberts.
I would like to thank second cousin Chris H. Bailey for sharing his photos, sources, and research regarding Patience Anna Marshall Dean Roberts. Without his sharing, this article would have been much less complete.
 Asa and Patience were buried in New Hope Cemetery (now just called Hope Cemetery) near Ina, Spring Garden Township, Jefferson County, IL. She has no tombstone according to Chris H. Bailey who visited the site in November 1968.
 Chris H. Bailey; Descendants of John Calvin Roberts & Elizabeth (Blackwell) Roberts; Person #10 – Asa Ellis Roberts.