Ancestry has updated their Ethnicity estimates once again. Ancestry likes to look at your DNA from a world perspective, but I find the “DNA Communities” much more interesting. Besides showing you where ancestors may have settled in the United States, it shows possible ancestors from that place and “featured matches,” people who also are in that group and are DNA matches. In my case, I fit into five DNA Communities.
Early Connecticut & New York Settlers
Southern Minnesota and Northwestern Wisconsin Settlers
Central Appalachia Settlers
Delaware Valley, Chesapeake, and Midwest Settlers
Lower Michigan & Virginia Settlers.
Looking closer at one of the Communities, “Early Connecticut & New York Settlers – 1700-1975,” all four ancestors suggested are from my tree, and all have entries placing them in the location during the period suggested.
Sarah Blackhurst (1847-1928)
2nd Great-Grandmother – Born in England in 1847, immigrated to New York in 1850, located to Michigan in 1860, where she died.
Nelson Barnes (1816-1884)
2nd Great-Grandfather – Born in New York in 1816, moved to Indiana about 1845, where he died.
Chester Parsons (1799-1887)
4th Great-Grandfather – Born in Massachusetts, moved to New York for a short while, located to Michigan by 1826, where he died.
Madonna Montran (1893-1976)
Grandmother – Born in Michigan, lived in New York on and off during her vaudeville career from 1919 to 1930. She lived in Chicago, Michigan, and Minnesota after 1930; she died in Minnesota.
As I look at these “communities,” I wonder if Ancestry really looked at DNA matches or if they only looked at my tree and grouped various individuals into their community based solely upon my tree entries. Likewise, the “Featured Matches” included only people that have trees with the same people that I have in my tree that I do share at least some DNA with.
I guess the bottom line is that I am not impressed with the DNA Communities. That causes me to circle back to looking at Ancestry Ethnicity Estimates.
I did a Birthplace Chart/Spreadsheet about five years ago because it was “all the rage.” It had the potential to help me see what my ethnicity was. Of my 16 2nd great-grandparents, only one was an immigrant. Two were unknown, and the other 13 were all born in the United States. So, from it, I learned I was at least 6.25% from Great Britain.
I recently had a cousin who asked if I knew exactly what “Heinz 57 Variety” we were. I told him I hadn’t determined that because most of our ancestors have been in the United States for many generations. Looking at my skin tone, I figure I’m of northern European ancestry. But, after texting with my cousin, I thought it might be fun to add another generation to my Birthplace chart/spreadsheet from five years ago and see if anything new pops up after five years of further research.
No changes. I’m still 6.25% English.
My Illinois-born 2nd great-grandparents’ parents came from a mix of Tennessee, Illinois, and Kentucky. My Ohio 2nd great-grandparents’ parents came from Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Delaware, and my Ohio 2nd great-grandparents’ parents came from a mix of New Hampshire, New York, and Michigan. There are still 18% of my ancestors that are unknown, but a whopping 2/3 of my 3rd great-grandparents were born in the United States. So, ethnically, I am definitely an American with a smidgen of English.
My “unknown” ethnicity places are known “brick walls.” My great-grandfather, John Montran, parentage is still unknown. I have a project to watch for all Montran’s I can find and learn more about their locations in hopes I can eventually connect John to immigrant ancestors. Likewise, My 2nd great-grandmother, Elisa Jane Fannin, parents have been elusive. I know she was born in Kentucky; I’ve looked at her several times looking for her parents. I need to do more research to try to find her parentage.
Ancestry indicates my ancestors are between 62 and 100% from England, Belgium, and the Channel Islands. Probably true; I have nothing in my pedigree research to disagree with that assessment. Still, it is always nice to receive confirmation.
One of my regular steps in researching ancestors is to “Find BMD Records for each of the children.” In the case of Samuel Pankey’s children, I wanted to pay particular attention to which children had which mother’s. I believed Samuel had eight children, five by one wife and three by a second wife; I wanted to confirm that.
As I began searching for sources, I found an amazing treasure-trove of information in a book, John Pankey of Manakin Town, Virginia, and His Descendants: Descendants and Connections of his Son Stephen Pankey, Sr., of Lucy’s Springs, Chesterfield County, Virginia by George Edward Pankey.
John Pankey of Manakin Town is Samuel Pankey’s grandfather and Stephen Pankey, Sr., is Samuel Pankey’s father. I ordered the book via inter-library loan through my library and it came in just a couple weeks. Wow!. Three volumes of material about the Pankey family – eight pages just about Samuel Pankey and his children. There is just so much information it was overwhelming. Volume 2 is about the descendants of Stephen Pankey’s brother and Volume 3 provides corrections to Volume 1 & 2. Anyway, the book will be so useful I bought a copy on E-Bay.
Thanks to page 49 of Volume 1, I was able to fill in much of the information about Samuel Pankey, his wives, and his children. I learned that Mary Ann and Marion were the same person. I thought that was the case, but I wasn’t certain. Likewise, I learned that Betsey Kinsey was actually an Elizabeth. Again, I thought so, but was very happy to have my thoughts confirmed. I’m also certain his second wife was Martha Burton and not Martha Belford. Pretty much everything I had was confirmed by this book.
Also, it is clear that Samuel and the children of his first wife became estranged. In his will he gave everything to his second wife and the children of that marriage and gave the children of his first marriage one dollar each. A clear sign there was a bad relationship between Samuel and his five children with Betsey.
Updated Spouse and Children List
Samuel Pankey married Elizabeth “Betsy” Kinsey Binford in 1759. They married in “Henrico County.” However, the county name was somewhat flexible as Henrico County became Goochland County, then Cumberland County. Finally, Powhatan county was formed from Cumberland County in 1777.
Samuel and Elizabeth “Betsey” had five children
Updated information in Green.
Married – Spouse
Shaldrake Broaddus William Stuart George Stewart[i]
Samuel was born in 1738 in Manakin Town, Goochland County, Virginia Colony[i].
Samuel married Betsey Kinsey Binford in 1759 in Henrico County, Virginia Colony[ii].
Samuel’s son, Philip Pankie, was born on 16 February 1763 to him and Betsey (Belford). Philip was Christened at St James Northam Parish, Goochland County, Virginia Colony. The birth of Philip indicates that the family surname may be “Pankie” in some records[iii].
Samuel Pankey appears in the 1883 “Heads of Families—Virginia, 1783, Powhatan County[iv].
Samuel Pankey gave his permission for his daughter, Betsy, to marry Mordecai Warriner on 12 December 1787[v].
Samuel died in August 1807 in Manakin Town, Powhatan, Virginia, USA[vi].
What others think they know (and I should consider).
Family Search – Samuel Pankey (1738-1807) is ID LZJ8-NJ3 at Family Search.
Samuel Pankey married Martha Burton abt 1775 in Chesterfield County, Virginia Colony. The source is the International Genealogical Index. I have been unable to find sufficient evidence to accept this relationship. However, it appears that Betsey, Samuel’s wife, died about 1770, which explains why her daughter Betsey has the same name. Samuel supposedly had three more children after Betsy’s death; Samuel Hardin, Lelah, and John, and his wife for those children is still a question in my mind. Hopefully, it will become clear as I research all of Samuel’s children.
Ancestry – Samuel Pankey is found in 374 public trees. (Wow) Most are copies of other trees.
Several researchers indicate that Samuel Pankey had an 1854 marriage bond with Martha Morton in Richmond County, North Carolina. I have found no evidence that Samuel Pankey, born 1738 in Virginia, never lived in North Carolina. I suspect this is a different Samuel Pankey.
Some researchers indicate that Samuel Pankey and Polly Burton married 8 October 1798 in Chesterfield County, Virginia.[vii] This is possible, but the same researchers indicated that Samuel Hardin, Lelah, and John Pankey (born 1777, 1782, & 1786 respectively) are the children of Samuel and Polly. It is possible they lived together for 22 years before they made the marriage legal or 22 years before they reported the marriage. In either event, it is an area for further research. I, however, suspect this is the marriage of Samuel Harden Pankey, son of Samuel, who would have been 22 years old in 1798.
In 1700 French Huguenot refugees settled an abandoned Monacan village and renamed it Manakin Town in Henrico Shire, Virginia Colony[viii].
Goochland County was created in 1728 from Henrico shire (Henrico County). Part of it became Cumberland County in 1749. Powhatan was formed from Cumberland County in 1777. Consequently, dates regarding Samuel Pankey affect the location he was in.
1634-1728 – Henrico Shire.
1728-1749 – Goochland County.
1748-1777 – Cumberland County.
1777-Today – Powhatan County.
The 1790 Census for Virginia is lost. The “Heads of Families—Virginia, 1783” is used as a Census Substitute.
The 1800 Census for Virginia is lost.
Howell Research – Ancestor #68
Samuel Pankey (1738-1807)
* Note: I have not reviewed or researched 5th Great-grandfather Stephen Pankey or earlier ancestors of his. As such, these ancestors are tentative/notional.
Samuel Pankey was born in 1738 in Manakin Town, Goochland County (Now Powhatan County), Virginia Colony. He was the second of five children of Stephen and Judith (Chastain) Pankey.
He had one older brother, John, and two younger sisters, Mary Ann and Judith, and a younger brother Stephen Pankey, Jr.
1st marriage. Samuel Pankey married Betsy Kinsey Binford in 1759. They married in “Henrico County.” However, the county name may have been somewhat flexible as Henrico County became Goochland County, then Cumberland County.
Find Vital Records for each of the children, particularly paying attention to the mother’s name.
Look for Samuel in Revolutionary War Records.
Look for property records for Samuel.
Look for probate records for Samuel.
Look for burial records for Samuel.
Review Church Records for Samuel, his wives, and his children. (Philip was Christened at St James Northam Parish.)
[i] Edmund West, Compiler, Family Data Collection – Individual Records, Ancestry, Samuel Pankey – No Image. Birth year: 1738; Birth city: Manakin Town; Birth state: VA.
[ii] Edmund West, comp., Family Data Collection – Marriages (Provo, UT, USA, Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2001), Ancestry, Samuel Pankey – Betsey Kinsey Binford – 1759.
[iii] Virginia Births and Christenings, 1584-1917, Family Search, Philip Pankie – 29 May 1763. “Virginia Births and Christenings, 1584-1917”, database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:VRRC-2KF : 28 January 2020), Philip Pankie, 1763.
[iv] Virginia, U.S., Compiled Census and Census Substitutes Index, 1607-1890, Ancestry, Samuel Pankey – Tax List – 1783. Original data: Jackson, Ron V., Accelerated Indexing Systems, comp.. Virginia Census, 1607-1890. Compiled and digitized by Mr. Jackson and AIS from microfilmed schedules of the U.S. Federal Decennial Census, territorial/state censuses, and/or census substitutes.
[v] Pollack, Michael E, Marriage Bonds of Henrico County, Virginia, 1782-1853 (Baltimore, Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1984), Ancestry, Page 173 – Warriner, Mordecai to Betsey Kinsey Pankey.
[vi] Edmund West, comp., Family Data Collection – Deaths (Provo, UT, USA, Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2001), Ancestry, Samuel Pankey – No Image. Edmund West, comp.. Family Data Collection – Deaths [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2001.
[vii] Dodd, Jordan. Virginia, U.S., Compiled Marriages, 1660-1800 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 1997. | Original data: Dodd, Jordan, comp.. Virginia Marriages to 1800. Electronic transcription of marriage records held by the individual counties in Virginia.
Ancestry indicates that Sutherland surname is a Scottish regional name from the Old Norse suðr ‘south’ + land ‘land.’ Sutherland lays south of Scandinavia and the Norse colonies in the Orkney and Shetland Islands. Forebears add that it comes from the province of Moray.
Today, the most significant number of people with the Sutherland surname live in the United States with over 40,000. As you might expect, it has the highest frequency in Scotland, where one in 462 people have the surname.
In the United States, the most significant number of people with the Sutherland surname live in California, with over 4,000 people. The highest frequency for the surname is Wyoming, where one in 3,823 have the surname.
Direct Sutherland Ancestors
I have not had a chance to do in-depth research of my Sutherland ancestors, so all of my estimated ancestors are notional. However, it appears that I have seven known Sutherland ancestors in two separate paths.
3rd Great-Grandmother: Tamise (Possibly Tammy or Fanny) Sutherland (1796-1864)
6th Great-Grandfather: Col. David Sutherland (1711-1794)
7th Great-Grandfather: William Sutherland (1690-1772)
(* Note: William J Sutherland and Hannah Sutherland married. It is unclear what their relationship may have been before their marriage.)
Interestingly enough, Tamise Sutherland, wife of Joel Cruff Taft, is my next planned research subject in my Roberts Research.
1840 – Tamise (Sutherland) Taft is my only known Sutherland ancestor that was living in 1840. She had already married Joel Cruff Taft. They lived in Broome County, New York, at the time. In 1840, 29% of the Sutherlands (or 96 households) in the United States lived in New York; however, none of the Sutherlands appear to have lived in Broome County.
Direct Sutherland Descendants
My records have identified 287 direct descendants of William Sutherland (1715-1768) and 289 for William Sutherland (1690-1772), most of whom are duplicated. These include 27 Barnes, 21 Roberts, 17 Ransford, 15 Taft, and many more surnames. I only have eight descendants of the Sutherlands with the Sutherland surname, indicating I have much more research to do on my Sutherland cousins.
Of course, there are many famous Sutherlands. Donald Sutherland and his son Kiefer are probably the most famous. However, Elizabeth Sutherland, 24th Countess of Sutherland, also comes to mind. Again, I have much more research to do on my Sutherland cousins. I would love to learn that Donald, one of my favorite actors, is related.
John Bodge M 55 Maine – Farmer, Real Estate Value: $2,000
Betsey Bodge F 50 Maine
Mary E Bodge F 22 Maine
John P Bodge M 19 Maine Attending School
Eunice Bodge F 16 Maine Attending School
Louisa Bodge F 14 Maine Attending School
Albert Bodge M 11 Maine Attending School
1860 Census – John Bodge, Head
John Bodge M 66 Maine Farmer – Real Property Value: $3,000, Personal Property value: $500
Betsey Bodge F 62 Maine
Eunice C Bodge F 26 Maine Teach Com School
Louiser Bodge F 24 Maine Teach Com School
Albert C Bodge M 21 Maine Farm Laborer
It is unclear what may have happened to Mary or John, but neither were enumerated here with the John Bodge household. Further research should determine where Mary and John lived.
1863 Civil War
Of the 348 young men who registered for the 14th Sub-District of Cumberland County draft, 107 names were drawn, and Albert Bodge’s name was one of them. However, the law allowed for individuals to send a substitute in their place. The drafted person gave the substitute $300 (the equivalent of $5,000 today), and the substitute served in their place. Albert’s substitute was William Blake. William Blake of Portland mustered-in in August 1863 and mustered out on 1 September 1866.
After the end of the Civil War (1865) and 1877, Albert moved several times and had several different occupations. It doesn’t appear that marriage affected his trying different places or occupations.
After the war, on 2 April 1867, Albert married Mary Elizabeth “Lizzie” Mayberry. At the time, Albert was living in Portland, and Lizzie was living in Gorham. Shortly after their marriage their first child was born, Bertha.
1870 Census – Albert Bodge, Head
Westbrook, Cumberland County, Maine.
Albert S Bodge, M 31 Maine Teamster
Lizzie M Bodge F 32 Maine
Berta A Bodge F 1 Maine
By 1872, when daughter Minnie was born, the family had moved to Lewiston. They lived in a house on Bridge Street near Winter. Albert was an operative at the Androscoggin mill (a cotton mill). By 1876, they removed to Gray, Cumberland County, Maine. (He probably worked at the Mayall’s Mills.) He was also in Gray when he sold 200 acres of land he inherited from his father to his brother, John.[iii] He also sold an additional 7 acres to John.
The following year, 1877, Albert and his family moved to Westbrook, where he would live for the next 20 years. He worked for S. D. Warren & Co., a paper mill in Westbrook.
By 1880, the family appears to have broken up. I have not found either Albert’s wife, “Lizzie,” or his daughters, Berta or Minnie, during the 1880 Census. I suspect that “Lizzie” died, and the children were scattered. In 1880, Albert was living in a rooming house near the paper mill. The Census recorded him as single, so it may be that he and “Lizzie” had divorced. I may learn more when I research Lizzie.
Albert’s Second Marriage
By 1885, Albert and Emily Leighton got together. I am yet to find a marriage record for them; however, in 1886, they had a daughter, Hattie Louise Bodge.
Two of Albert’s Children Marry
On 12 June 1886, Albert’s oldest child, Bertha, married Charles A. Blanchard in Deering[iv], Maine.
On 14 December 1886, Albert’s middle child, Minnie Mabel, married Frederick W. Blanchard. Frederick’s older brother, Charles A Blanchard, is probably the same Charles that Bertha married. So, it appears to be another case of two sisters marrying two brothers.
Albert’s Third Marriage
Emily and Albert separated (or divorced). On 28 October 1894, Albert married Hattie Simpson.
Historical Event – Flood of Westbrook
In March 1896, Westbrook experienced a major flood. Melting snow caused the Presumpscot river to rise rapidly. Two bridges washed away, followed by the Westbrook electric light station washed away, causing Westbrook to lose lighting and power. The gatehouse at S. D. Warren (where Albert worked) and other damage threw 2500 people out of work. Other bridges and infrastructure were destroyed as well, including bridges in Gorham and Saco.
Albert S. Bodge died at the age of 59 on 10 August 1897 in Westbrook, Cumberland County, Maine, of valvular heart disease. His funeral was held on 23 August 1987 at the Advent Church in Westbrook.
Event’s after Albert’s Death
Albert’s youngest daughter, Hattie, married on 9 May 1916, 19 years after Albert’s death. Hattie’s mother had also passed before Hattie’s marriage to Harry Eugene Maxim.
Events by Location
Albert is known to have lived in five locations, all within 35 miles of each other.
Research where Mary and John Bodge (Albert’s siblings) were during the 1860 Census.
The 1880 Census recorded Albert as single. It may be that he and “Lizzie” had divorced. Research Mary Elizabeth “Lizzie” Bodge.
Research Emily Leighton, Albert’s 2nd wife and their daughter Hattie Louise Bodge.
Research Hattie Simpson, Albert’s 3rd wife
Perform a 2nd level research of Albert S. Bodge.
1840 Census, Various, John Bodge – Windham, Cumberland, Maine.
1850 Census [Source includes media item(s)] 1850 Census, Family Search, John Bodge, Head – Maine, Cumberland, Windham. United States Census, 1850. https://(https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/ 61903/1:1:M6JL-SLK.
1860 Census 1860 Census, Family Search, John Bodge. “United States Census, 1860”, database with images, FamilySearch : 18 February 2021), John Bodge, 1860. https:// familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MDHJ-FT4.
1870 Census, Albert S Bodge, Head, Westbrook, Cumberland, Maine . “United States Census, 1870”, database with images, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org/ ark:/61903/1:1:M6DF-CTZ : 29 May 2021), Albert S Bodge, 1870.
1880 Census, Albert S Bodge – Westbrook, Cumberland, Maine. “United States Census, 1880,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/ 61903/1:1:MF3V-YQT : 19 February 2021), Albert S Bodge in household of Mary A Berry, Westbrook, Cumberland, Maine, United States; citing enumeration district ED 64, sheet 529D, NARA microfilm publication T9 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), FHL microfilm 1,254,478.
Cumberland County Register of Deeds Internet
Cumberland County Register of Deeds, Internet, Deed – Doc# 3143 – Albert S Bodge to John I Bodge – 27 June 1876.
Cumberland County Register of Deeds, Internet, Deed – Doc# 3143 – Albert S Bodge to John J Bodge – 12 June 1876.
Maine Vital Records, 1670-1921
Maine Vital Records, 1670-1921, Family Search, Birth – Minnie M Bodge – 24 March 1972. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:2HVQ-8PJ.
Maine Vital Records, 1670-1921, Family Search, Death – Albert S Bodge – 1897. “Maine Vital Records, 1670-1921,” database with images, FamilySearch (https:// familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:VZ38-DTH : 2 March 2021), Albert S Bodge, 19 August 1897; citing Westbrook, , Maine, United States, multiple sources, Maine; FHL microfilm.
Maine, Marriage Index, 1892-1966, 1977-1996 Maine, Marriage Index, 1892-1966, 1977-1996, Family Search, Albert S Bodge – Hattie Simpson – No Image – 28 October 1894. Maine State Archives, Augusta, via Family Search. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KCJN-TCJ.
Maine, U.S., Marriage Records, 1713-1922 Maine, U.S., Marriage Records, 1713-1922, Ancestry, Albert Bodge & Lizzie
Maybury . Maine State Archives; Cultural Building, 84 State House Station, Augusta, ME 04333-0084; Pre 1892 Delayed Returns; Roll Number: 10.
Portland Daily Press Portland Daily Press (Portland, Maine, ), Genealogy Bank, 1863-08-14 – Albert S. Bodge.
Portland Daily Press (Portland, Maine, ), Genealogy Bank, 1897-08-24 – Westbrook – Funeral of Albert Bodge.
Portland Weekly Advertiser Portland Weekly Advertiser (Portland, ME), Genealogy Bank, 1863-07-25 – The Draft – Windham.
U.S. City Directories, 1822-1995 U.S. City Directories, 1822-1995, Ancestry, Lewiston, Maine – 1872 – Page 24 – Albert Bodge.
U.S., Adjutant General Military Records, 1631-1976 U.S., Adjutant General Military Records, 1631-1976, Ancestry, Page 23 – Windham – Albert S. Bodge.
U.S., Civil War Draft Registration Records, 1863-1865 U.S., Civil War Draft Registration Records, 1863-1865, Ancestry, Albert S Bodge
[i] Some records, such as his death recording, indicate that Albert was born in Westbrook, however, earlier records indicate he was born in South Windham. Additionally, the Bodge family farm (over 200 acres) was in Windham.
[iv] Deering was a town in Cumberland County, incorporated 1871. Before 1871 it was a part of Saccarappa. In 1899, the town was annexed by the City of Portland and is today a neighborhood of Portland. (Ref: Wikipedia – Deering, Maine)
[v]Potential Residence Year begin in the year Albert is known to have lived before the location and ends the year Albert is known to have lived after the location. These are the years Albert could be found in the location described.