Walter’s in the 1820 Census

Darling-Swayze-Walker Line
Census Sunday
By Don Taylor

Photo of Don Taylor with cat Nasi.I had one follow-up task after my “Walter’s in the 1830 Census” research. I wanted to Investigate  Elizabeth Walter’s marriages and determine when she married Charles Stockard and James Gurley to know if the woman I found in James Gurley’s household was likely Elizabeth.

Elizabeth Walters married Charles Stockard on 24 June 1815 in Rockingham County, Virginia.[i] I also learned that Charles died on 24 November 1820 and was buried in the Ottervein United Methodist Church Cemetery, Perry County, Ohio. The 1820 Census was taken on 7 August 1820, so I’d expect Elizabeth to be with Charles. Finding her with 2nd husband in the 1830 Census makes perfect sense. Children of Elizabeth born before August 1821 are likely Charles’. According to Charles’ will, he had two children. They are presumed to be with Elizabeth.

With that task out of the way, I can focus on the Walter’s in Fairfield County during the 1820 Census. Fairfield became a county with the creation of Ohio as a state in 1803. The county lost area in creating several other counties between 1804 and 1818. Then it remained stable in size until 1850, when Hocking County was enlarged.[ii]

Expectation

Public Domain, Link

The date for the 1820 census was 7 August. So I would expect to find:

  • James and Margaret Ann (Swann) Walter were married.
    • James was 68
    • Margaret was 60.

Children

  • Martin was 41
  • Nancy was about 32 and likely married to FNU Lewis.
  • Elkanah was 31 and married to Rachael Decker (age 30). They have two boys (Harvy & James).
  • Catherine was 26 and married to David Swayze. They have two girls.
  • Elizabeth was 23 and married to Charles Stockard. They had two children.
  • James C. was 20. He may or may not be married to Polly LNU.
  • John was about 16.

Several Walker family members made it to Ohio before the 1820 Census.


1820 Censuses

Elkanah Walters – Richland, Fairfield County, Ohio.

Elkanah appeared as “Elkana” in 1820 with no surname. It was indexed as “Elkana Warner” because the entry did not have his surname entered, and the transcriber used the surname above his entry.

The household consists of four people

  • 1 Male          16-26         I believe this to be an entry error. Elkanah might be 31.
  • 1 Female      26-46       This should be Rebecca, age 30.
  • 2 Males        <10             This should be Harvy, Age 2
    This should be James, Age 4 mos.

Catherine Ann Dent Walter, wife of David Swayze – Richland, Fairfield County, Ohio 7 August 1820

The Swayze family of 1820 should consist of David, age 24, and Catherine, age 26, plus two children, both girls, Elizabeth, age 2 & Emily age seven months. It is unclear where they lived. They were in New Salem, Fairfield County, Ohio, in 1822 and in Virginia about 1818. So it is unclear when they removed to Ohio.

One David Sweazy Family consisted of the following:

  • Males – Under 10:       1          Unknown Male
  • Males – 16 thru 25:     1          David Swayze, Age 24
  • Males – 26 thru 44:     1         Unknown Male
  • Females – Under 10:   1          Elizabeth, age 2Emily Missing
  • Females – 16 thru 25:  2       Catherine (Walter) Swayze, Age 26?
                                                            Unknown Female.

It is possible that Emily was enumerated mistakenly as a male. And that siblings or boarders were living with David and Elizabeth making up the two unknown people (maybe a sibling and spouse). However, I am not confident that David and Elizabeth were in Fairfield County, Ohio, in 1820. Because of the inconsistencies and uncertainty, I cannot accept this as my 3rd great-grandparents and family. It could be a different, heretofore unknown, David Swayze.

David Swayze, Sr.

David’s father, David Swayze, and his mother, Alice, moved to Fairfield County, Ohio, about 1805.

Their family should consist of David (age 58) Alice (51), and their children: Mary (age 26), David (24), Jane (23), Sarah (21), Evan (18), Elizabeth (16), Edith (13), Daniel (10), and William (6).

The 1820 Census lists two David Swayze families in Fairfield County, Ohio.

One David Sweazy Family consists of the following:

  • Males – Under 10:       2         William (6) and Daniel (10)
  • Males – 16 thru 25:     1          Evan (18)
  • Males – 26 thru 44:     3        Three unknown males were born (1776-1794)
  • Males – 45 and over:   1        David (58)
  • Females – 10 thru 15:  3        Edith (13), Elizabeth (16), Unknown
  • Females – 26 thru 44:  1       Alice (51)

Sarah, Jane, and Mary are old enough to have married, thus expected to be elsewhere.

David and Alice were married on 20 January 1792 in Cecil, Maryland, so the three males are unlikely to be children of Alice.

Other Walkers

I found no evidence that James and Margaret Ann (Swann) Walker had located in Fairfield County before the 1820 Census.

Neither I have found Martin, Nancy (& FNU Lewis), Elizabeth (and Charles Stockard), or John in Fairfield County in the 1820 Census.

Conclusion – The Walter family in 1820

I successfully found two of James and Margaret’s children in the 1820 Census in Fairfield County, Ohio

  • Elkanah Walters Family – Richland township.
  • Catherine Ann Dent Walter, wife of David Swayze in Richland Township.
  • Also, I discovered David Swayze’s father, David, in Richland Township.

I did not find James or Margaret in either the 1820 Censuses nor did finding their children in those records help find any additional information regarding them.


Follow-up

Continue Researching James and Margaret (Swann) Walker.

Sources

  • 1820 Census, 1820 Census – Ohio, Fairfield, Richland – David Sweazy [Jr.] – (Image 2 of 3, first page, 3rd name). 1820 US Census; Census Place: Richland, Fairfield, Ohio; Page: 188; NARA Roll: M33_87; Image: 140.
  • 1820 Census, 1820 Census – Ohio, Fairfield, Richland – David Sweazy [Sr.] – (Image 3 of 3, second page, 4th name). 1820 US Census; Census Place: Richland, Fairfield, Ohio; Page:    Richland, Fairfield, Ohio; Page: 189; NARA Roll: M33_87; Image: 140. https://www.ancestry.com/sharing/28330642?h=a50c67.

Endnotes

[i] John Walter Wayland, Virginia Valley records (Shenandoah Publishing House, , 1930), Ancestry, Rockingham Supplement – Page 28. Marriages in Rockingham County.

[ii] Internet: The Newberry – Digital Newberry – Atlas of Historical County Boundaries – Ohio: Individual County Chronologieshttps://newberry.org/ accessed 1 May 2022.

Walter’s in the 1830 Census

Census Sunday
By Don Taylor

Photo of Don Taylor with cat Nasi.Following families in the early census records is always tricky and following a woman through census records before 1840 is especially difficult. Margaret Ann (Swann) Walter is challenging. So, if I could follow her children in the censuses, I might see her in one of their households.

Margaret died in New Salem, Fairfield County, Ohio, in 1826. The date she came to Ohio is still unknown. I have not been successful in finding her husband, James Walter, in the 1830 Census, even though he died in Rushville, Ohio, in 1838. Even though she had already passed, I wanted to begin with the 1830 Census and see what I could find for her children.

Public Domain, via Wikimedia Commons

Elkanah Walters – Richland, Fairfield County, Ohio

The 1830 US Census lists 14 heads of household with the surname Walter, Walters, Watter, or Waller.

    • 1    Male      5-10      James        (age 9) b. 1820
    • 1    Males    10-15    Harvy         (age 12) b. 1818
    • 1    Male      20-30    UNKNOWN MALE – (born 1800-1810)
    • 1    Male      40-50    Elkanah     (age 49)
    • 1    Female  <5           Margrate   (age 1) b. 1829
    • 2    Female  5-10      Adaline      (age 5) b. 1824
    •                                         Caroline     (age 7) b. 1822
    • 1    Female  30-40    Rachel       (age 40) b. 1890

Elkanah and Rachel (Decker) are believed to have married on 6 November 1814. If the unknown male was born in 1810, Rachel would have been 20 but was born before they were married. On the other hand, if the unidentified male was born closer to 1800, he would have been 10 to 15 years younger than Elkanah. An age that fits either of Elkanah’s younger brothers (James or John). I suspect this is either James or John. As I believe John was enumerated (see below), I suspect this is James. James C. Walters does appear in the 1840 Census in Liberty, Fairfield County, Ohio. 

Catherine (Walters) Swayze – Catherine married David Swayze in 1817.

In 1830, David Swayze appeared in the census for Walnut Township, Fairfield County, Ohio, page 198, 4th from bottom.

    • 1    Male     30-40    David         (Age 34 b. 1796)
    • 1    Female < 5           S.B.            (age 2    b. 1828)*
    • 2    Females 10-15   Emily         (Age 10 b. 1820)
    •                                         Elizabeth   (age 12 b. 1818)
    • 1    Female  30-40    Rachel       (age 40 b. 1890)

* Note: Daughter Margaretta was born about 1821 and died on 18 October 1823. There are two other children, Angeline and William, who I believe were born between 1824 and 1826 and died before 1830.

John Walter – Berne, Fairfield County, Ohio – Page 139, Line 2 above from bottom.

    • 1    Male     20-29      John          (over 25 b. bef. 1804)
    • 2    Females < 5         FNU-D1     (under 5 (1825-1830)
    •                                         FNU-D2     (under 5 (1825-1830)
    • 1    Female  20-29    Belinda      (Unknown age)

Fits criteria expected for John Walter (bef. 1804-____), son of James and Margaret (Swann) Walter.

Nancy (Walters) Lewis.

Nancy was born in 1788 and would be about 42 years old in 1830 and likely married to FNU Lewis. There were seven Lewis households enumerated in Fairfield County during the 1830 Census.

    • William – 9 in the household – No females over 29.
    • Thomas – 3 in the household – No females over 20.
    • James – 4 in the household – No females over 20.
    • Juda – 6 in the household – Colored.
    • Daniel – 2 in the household – Colored.
    • Thomas H – 6 in the household – 1 female 30-39
    • John – 7 in the household  – 1 female 30-39

So, Nancy either lived outside of Fairfield County, Ohio, had her age reported incorrectly, or died before 1830. More research is needed.

Elizabeth Rebekah (Walters) Gurley.

Elizabeth was born in 1788 and would be about 42 years old in 1830, and possibly married to either Charles Stockard or James Gurley (I don’t know which was first.) Charles Stockard doesn’t appear in Fairfield County during the 1830 Census. James Gurley appears in the 1830 Census. His household has seven people, including a female 30 to 39 years old that could be Elizabeth. I need to do more research to determine Elizabeth’s marriages and children to know if this is Elizabeth (née Walter) or a different James Gurley or a different wife of his.


Conclusion – The Walter family in 1830

Parents

    • James            Location Unknown
    • Margaret        Died in 1826

Children

    • Martin             Location Unknown
    • Nancy              Location Unknown
    • Elkanah          and his family were in Richland Twp, Fairfield County, Ohio
    • Catherine       Married to David Swayze – Walnut Twp, Fairfield County, Ohio
    • Elizabeth        Probably married to James Gurley; lived in Fairfield County, Ohio
    • James C.          Probably living with Elkanah.
    • John                  and family – Berne Twp, Fairfield County, Ohio. 

Follow-up

Determine Elizabeth’s marriages and children to know if this is Elizabeth (née Walter) or if it is a different James Gurley or a different wife of his.

Next I’ll continue looking for the Walters in the 1820 Census, particularly James, Margaret, Martin, and Nancy.


Sources

    • 1830 Census – Ohio, Fairfield, Walnut – Page 198 – David Swayze -. “United States Census, 1830,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XH5L-GYL : 20 February 2021), David Swayze, Walnut, Fairfield, Ohio, United States; citing 198, NARA microfilm publication M19, (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 130; FHL microfilm 337,941.
    • 1830 Census – Elkanah Walters – Rushville, Fairfield, Ohio. “United States Census, 1830,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XH5L-5N4 : 19 August 2017), Elkanah Walters, Richland, Fairfield, Ohio, United States; citing 259, NARA microfilm publication M19, (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 130; FHL microfilm 337,941.
    • 1830 Census – Ohio, Fairfield, Berne, page 139 (2nd line from the bottom) – John Walter. “United States Census, 1830,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XH5L-LMF : 20 February 2021), John Walter, Bern, Fairfield, Ohio, United States; citing 139, NARA microfilm publication M19, (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 130; FHL microfilm 337,941.

 

Manning Deep Dive – Part 2

Mannin(g)’s in Carter County during the 1880 Census.

Census Sunday
Brown-Mannin(g) Line
By Don Taylor

The first step in doing a Deep Dive is to confirm the use of my initial sources. The first items to review are items in Family Search for Carter County, including Biographies. It included a Book, Heritage of Carter County, Kentucky. I had not reviewed it. Also, it doesn’t appear to be available online. I contacted the Carter County Historical and Genealogical Society to see if they do lookups.

Next, there are four items under Cemeteries. None of the items listed there appear to be available remotely. However, I did look at Find-a-Grave and found several confusing and erroneous entries in the memorials. I hope that Census Records might help clear up some of my questions regarding those family units. I’ll return to it after I look at the Census records and Vital Records.

Third, are the US Census Records. Starting at the most recent and working back from the 1880 Census.

1880 Census – Carter County – Mannin(g)

There were 5 Mannin families, which included 37 entries. They are as follows:

Family 1 – Precinct 4, ED 15 – Page 4

All were born in Kentucky except for Elizabeth.

Tubal Mannin 50 Self (Head) Farmer (parents born in VA)
Elizabeth J. Mannin 44 Wife – Keeps House – Born VA
John L. Mannin 22 Son – Farm Laborer
Valandinghan Mannin 16 Son – Farm Laborer
James S. Mannin 14 Son – At Home
Sarah C. Mannin 10 Daughter
Amanda L. Mannin 7 Daughter
Willie Mannin 1 Son
Killie Mannin 1 Daughter – Twins

Tubal was my 4th great uncle.

Family 2 – Precinct 4, ED 15 – Page 17.

All were born in Kentucky.

Wm. C. Mannin 34 Self (Head) Farmer
Martha E. Mannin 30 Wife Keeping House
Alvin Mannin 10 Son
Montaville Mannin 9 Son
Silas Mannin 8 Son
Arminta Mannin 5 Daughter
Asbury Mannin 2 Son
William C. Mannin 7/12 Son

My relationship with William C Mannin is unknown.

Family 3 – Precinct 4, ED 15 – Page 17

All were born in Kentucky.

Thos. H. Mannin 52 Self (Head) – Farmer
Rachal Mannin 42 Wife – Keeping House
John J. Mannin 21 Son – Farmer
Samuel T. Mannin 19 Son – Farm Lr.
Mary D. Mannin 17 Daughter – at home
Zachariah W. Mannin 15 Son – Farm Lr.
Eliza F. Mannin 5 Daughter

Thomas H. Mannin is my 4th great uncle

Family 4 – Precinct 4, ED 15, Page 18

All were born in Kentucky.

Merideth A. Mannin 24 Self (Head) – Farmer
Sousan F. Mannin 25 Wife – Keeping House
Rachal E. Mannin 3 Daughter
Sarah M. Mannin 1 Daughter

My relationship with this Merideth Mannin is unknown.

Family 5a – Precinct 4, ED 15, Page 20[i]

All were born in Kentucky.

Enoch Mannin 57 Self (Head)
Manerva Mannin 59 Wife

Enoch and Manerva are my 3rd great-grandparents.

Family 5b – Precinct 4, ED 15, Page 20 – Same house as Enoch Mannin’s house

All were born in Kentucky.

Isaac Mannin 32 Self (Head) – Farmer
Tenisee Mannin 32 Wife – Keeping House
Sam Mc Kee Mannin 12 Son – At Home
Henry M. Mannin 9 Son
Frances P. Mannin 7 Son
James H. Mannin 5 Son
Phodeena Mannin 2/12 Daughter

Isaac Wilson Mannin is my 3rd great uncle.

I confirmed all Mannin’s in Carter County during the 1880 Census are in my database, and all appropriate facts are identified. However, there are two Mannin families, Merideth and William C., in the 1880 Census that I do not know how they relate to me. I suspect I’ll be able to determine that relationship when I review the 1870 and 1860 Censuses.


Endnotes

[i] In terms of indexing, Enoch and Manerva [sic] were enumerated without relationship to subsequent individuals but were listed as in the same household. From other research I know that Enoch and Minerva were the parents of Isaac Mannin.

Elkanah Walter & the Early Censuses

Census Sunday
Darling-Swayze-Walter Line
By Don Taylor

Photo of Don Taylor with cat Nasi.[As I began my research of the life of 5th Great-grandmother Margaret Swann, I saw I knew virtually nothing about her life. One of my goals with ancestor sketches is to follow the individual through all the censuses. Early census records are always tricky, and following women is challenging as it requires following the men in their life. Margaret was born about 1754, the daughter of Samuel Swann. She married James Walter “after the war” (Revolutionary) and died in 1826. James died after Margaret, so I would expect Margaret to have been enumerated by sex and age in James’ household. Unfortunately, I have not found James in any census records. My next step is to try to follow the children of James and Margaret. Hopefully, documents from their lives will shed some light on my research of James and Margaret.]

James and Margaret Ann (Swan) Walter had six (or seven) children.

  1. Nancy Anne Walter was born in 1788.
  2. Elkanah Walter was born in 1789. He died in 1852.
  3. Catherine Ann Dent Walter was born on 15 Jun 1794. She married David Swayze on 30 Jan 1817 in Fairfield County, Ohio. She died on 16 Apr 1868 in Kalamazoo, Michigan, at her daughter’s residence.
  4. James C Walter was born in 1800; he died in 1874.
  5. Elizabeth Walter was born in 1796.
  6. John Walter was born before 05 Jan 1804.
  7. There may be another son, Martin Walter, born in 1779, but he may be the child of another wife.

Elkanah is an unusual name, so I thought I’d take a look at his life first. Also, he was the oldest male child, so he might have more available records. I found he is buried at the Mountain Home Cemetery in Kalamazoo, Michigan[i].

1850 Census[ii]

Elkanah died in 1852, so the 1850 Census was a good place for me to begin. He is found in Kalamazoo Village, Kalamazoo County, Michigan. His household consisted of:

Name                           Age            Occup.      Property    Born

    • Elkanah Walters        61     M      None         $3,000      Va
    • Rachael                         59     F                                                “
    • Caroline Strong          26     F                                               O
    • Charles     “                 2/12  M                                              Mich

Although the 1850 Census does not include relationships, it is clear that the family consists of Elkanah, his wife Rachael, his daughter Caroline, and her son, Charles.

1840 Census[iii]

In 1840, Elkanah’s family should consist of:

  • Elkanah – Age 51
  • Rachel – Age 50
  • Catherine – Age 10
  • Margrate – Age 11
  • Adaline – Age 16
  • Caroline – Age 18
  • James – Age 20
  • Harvy – Age 22
1840 Census – Elkanah Walters – Kalamazoo, Kalamazoo County, Michigan

– – – – 1 – – 1  ||  – 1 2 – – – – 1

Males

  • 20-30      1     (Either James or Harvy)
  • 50-60      1     Elkanah

Females

  • 5-10        1     Catherine
  • 10-15      2     Probably Margrate & Adaline
  • 50-60      1     Rachel

Either James or Harvy, ages 20 & 22, appear to have left home by 1840
Caroline  – Age 18, appears to have left as well (probably married).

1830 Census

In 1830, Elkanah’s family should consist of

    • Elkanah – Age 41
    • Rachel – Age 40
    • Catherine – Age 0
    • Margrate – Age 1
    • Adaline – Age 6
    • Caroline – Age 8
    • James – Age 10
    • Harvy – Age 12
1830 Census – Elkanah Walters – Rushville, Fairfield, Ohio

– 1 1 – 1 – 1 || 1 2 – – – 1

Age    Male Female

    • <5        0       1       Presumed to be Margrate (age 1)
    • 5-10    1       2       Presumed to be son, James, & daughters, Caroline & Adaline.
    • 10-15  1        0       Presumed to be Harvey (Age 12)
    • 15-20 0       0
    • 20-30 1       0       Unknown male, born 1799-1810 (might James C Walter)
    • 30-40 0       1       Rachael (age 40)
    • 40-50 1       0       Elkanah (age 41)

Catherine hadn’t been born yet.

1820 Census

In 1820, Elkanah’s family should consist of

  • Elkanah – Age 31
  • Rachel – Age 20
  • James – Age 0
  • Harvey – Age 2

And the family should be living in Fairfield County, Ohio.

My search for Elkanah found “Elkana” in Richland, Fairfield County, Ohio. His entry has no last name, so it was assumed by the indexer to be the same surname as the person above, “Warner.”

1820 Census – Elkanah [Walters] – Richland, Fairfield, Ohio
2 – – 1 – – || – – – 1 –  1 in Ag.

 Males

    • Under 10         2          James & Harvey, ages 0 and 2
    • Age 16-26        1          Elkana (should be 31) mistaken entry?

Females

    • Age 26-45        1          Rachel (age 30)

Because of the possible mistaken entry, I find this to be tentative and speculative. The five people on each side of Elkana in the 1820 Census are:

    • Wm Lovill, George Tester, Solomon Lenvale, [Page] Wm Mark, James Warner
    • Jonathan Palmer, James Palmer, Levi Roberts, John Price, & Thomas Lina 

The five people on each side of Elkana in the 1830 Census are:

    • John Sulivan, Edward Murphy, Edward Cruze, Paul Cummings, & Henrietta Swayze
    • John Rutherford, Jacob Drum, Mary Blake, William Marsh, & William Sager

With none of the likely neighbors being the same and his age being incorrect, I suspect this is a different Elkana. 

1810

Find-a-Grave indicates that Elkanah emigrated to Ohio in October 1815, settling ten miles from Lancaster in Fairfield County[iv]. If true, I would not expect Elkanah to be in Ohio during the 1810 Census. Rather, he would be in Maryland, Virginia, or Washington DC. Also, his only being 21 years old in 1810 suggests he is likely counted in his father’s record.

Conclusion

I’ve followed Elkanah from the East to Ohio and westward again to Michigan. I have not seen any evidence that his parents lived with him.

This research provided one new source, six new citations, seven images, and six new individuals that were added to my tree.

Follow-up

Next: Look at James C. Walker’s Census records and see if I can follow him through time.

Review Gateway families: Ancestors and descendants of Richard Simrall Hawes III and Marie Christy Johnson by Christy Hawes Bond & Alicia Crane Williams.

Endnotes:

William Lister & the 1830 Census

Census Sunday
By Don Taylor

Photo of Don Taylor with cat Nasi.Following families in the early census records is always tricky, and when a census’s information is entirely unexpected, it makes things difficult. During my review of the life of 3rd great-grandfather, William Lister, I realized that I had William in a different location and with a different family than many other researchers.

William Lister and Nancy Strain married on 17 June 1822 in Highland County, Ohio.[i] William was 29, and Nancy was about 15. Their first child, my second great-grandfather Nimrod, was born between 1824 and 1827 in Pickaway County, Ohio. Their second child was Sarah, who was born about 1831 and wouldn’t have been enumerated in the 1830 Census.

1830 Census – Pickaway County

My finding for William Lister placed him in Walnut Township, Pickaway County. The entry reads:

Wm Lister[ii]

  • Males Under 5           1       [Presumed to be Nimrod, age 3 to 6.]
  • Males 20 thru 29        1       [Presumed to be William. Age 37]
  • Females 10 thru 14   1       [Unknown Female]
  • Females 20 thru 29   1       [Presumed to be William’s Wife, age 23.]

I figured William’s age was incorrect in the Census, and the unknown female was probably a sibling of either William or his wife. Possibly the daughter of a previous wife as William would have been between 23 and 27 when the unknown female was born. However, I have not seen any other evidence of a daughter this age, so I just considered her an “unknown female.”

1830 – Ross County

Many researchers find Wm Lister in Deerfield, Ross County. That entry reads:

Wm Lister[iii]

  • Males under 5             1          [Presumed to be Nimrod, age 3 to 6.]
  • Males 10 thru 14        1          [Unknown male]
  • Males 15 thru 19        1          [Unknown male]
  • Males 30 thru 39        1          [Presumed to be William, age 37]
  • Females under 5         1          [Possibly Sarah, age 0]
  • Females 20 to 29        1          [Presumed to be wife, Nancy, age 23]

Deerfield township is about 180 miles from Monroe Township, whereas Walnut Township is about 45 miles from Monroe Township. Monroe Township is where William lived when his son William Marcus was born in 1832. In this case, William, Nancy, and Nimrod are enumerated and are the correct age.

1840 – Pickaway County

I haven’t found William Lister in the 1840 Census in Pickaway County. An Aaron Lister and an Eliza (or Elza) Lister live in Pickaway County. Neither household consists of a family that fits William Lister and his family.

1840 – Ross County

William Lister[iv]

  • Male under 5              1          [Possibly James, age about 0]
  • Male 5 thru 9              1          [Probably William, age 7]
  • Male 10 thru 14          1          [Probably Nimrod, age 13 to 16]
  • Male 15 thru 19          1          [Unknown male]
  • Male 20 thru 29          1          [Unknown male]
  • Male 40 thru 19          1          [Probably William, age 47]
  • Female 10 thru 14      1          [Possibly Sarah, age about 10]
  • Female 20 thru 19      1          [Unknown female]
  • Female 30 thru 19      1          [Nancy age 33]

So, all of the known Lister family unit individuals living in 1840 can be accounted for in this enumeration. There are some unknown people who might be anyone; lodgers, nieces, or nephews are all possible.

Sadly, Nancy died in 1844, William remarried in 1846, then died in 1848. It is clear the household was dispersed by the 1850 Census.

I also noted there were no changes in the boundaries of Pickaway between its creation in 1810 and 1843 when “Pickaway lost small area in the town of Adelphi to Ross County.”[v]

Conclusion

I don’t have enough evidence to prove to me which William Lister in the 1830 census is my 3rd great-grandfather. It could be the Ross County or the Pickaway County William Lister. To ascertain which is which, I think I’ll try a study of his 1830s Pickaway neighbors and see where they were and who their neighbors were in 1840. If needed, I’ll also try to review property transactions in Pickaway County from 1830 thru 1848 for William.


Endnotes:

[i] Ohio, County Marriages, 1789-2016, Family Search, Highland County Marriage Records 1821-1837, vol 1-2, Page 180 – #600 – William Sister [Lister] & Nancy Strain – Issued 17 June 1822. https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:ZZ5F-7T6Z.

[ii] 1830 Census (A) (NARA), Ancestry.Com, Walnut, Pickaway, Ohio; Series: M19; Roll: 138; Page: 50; Family History Library Film: 0337949. 16th name down, Wm Lister. https://www.ancestry.com/sharing/27472134?h=cac284&utm_campaign=bandido-webparts&utm_source=post-share-modal&utm_medium=copy-url.

[iii] 1830 Census (A) (NARA), Ancestry.Com, Walnut, Pickaway, Ohio; Series: M19; Roll: 138; Page: 50; Family History Library Film: 0337949. 16th name down, Wm Lister. https://www.ancestry.com/sharing/27472134?h=cac284&utm_campaign=bandido-webparts&utm_source=post-share-modal&utm_medium=copy-url.

[iv] 1840 Census – Deerfield, Ross, Ohio; Roll: 424; Page: 413; Family History Library Film: 0020175. 11th from bottom – William Lister. https://www.ancestry.com/sharing/27472171?h=02f56c&utm_campaign=bandido-webparts&utm_source=post-share-modal&utm_medium=copy-url.

[v] Internet: The Newberry – “Ohio: Individual County Chronologies – Ohio Atlas of Historical County Boundaries.” https://digital.newberry.org/ahcb/documents/OH_Individual_County_Chronologies.htm#Individual_County_Chronologies.