Adair Project – Ella E. (Mitchell) Adair

Ancestor Bio – Ella E (Mitchell)Adair

52 Ancestors – Week 190

By Don Taylor

Photo of Don Taylor with cat Nasi.This week I look at Ella E. Mitchell. As is so often the case with women ancestors, her life events are defined by her husband and her children. We know she had at least seven children, five of whom lived to adulthood. She was a sharecropper’s wife and lived a simple life. She was born in Georgia, lived her entire life in Georgia, probably entirely in Paulding County. She died fairly young at the age of 49.

 

Adair Project 2017 – Ancestor AH-09

List of Grandparents

  • Grandfather: Elmer Dewey Adair
  • 1st Great-grandmother: Ella E. Mitchell

 

Ella E (Mitchell) Adair (1887-1936)

I believe that Ella E. Mitchell was born in 1887.  I don’t normally consider an individual’s grave marker as certain, however, in this case, the 1910 Census, which is the census closest to her birth indicated that she was 22 suggesting a birth between 16 April 1887 and 15 April 1888.  The 1920 Census was way wrong saying she was 38 years old (born about 1881 or 1882). The 1930 Census indicated she had only aged three years since 1920, she was 41 (born about 1888 or 1889).

I have not been successful determining who her parents or siblings were. I have searched newspapers (Newspapers, Newspaper Archives, Genealogy Bank, and Chronicling America) to no avail. I believe I will next need to try a surname focus study for Mitchell in Paulding County, Georgia and see if I can determine a potential family.

Marriage

The first record showing Ella is her marriage license and certificate where she married Allen William Adair on 18 April 1904 in a ceremony performed by B. H. Owen, J.P. in Paulding County Georgia.[i]

Adult

Tragedy struck the young couple quickly. The 1910 Census indicates that Ella had two children, one of whom was living.  We know that Floyd was born on 21 Apr 1909. So, and unknown infant must have been born and died, probably between Allen and Ella’s marriage in 1904 and the census date (15 April 1910).[ii]

1910 Census – The family consisted of Allen who was a farmer renting his farm near Humphrey, Paulding County Georgia. Ella and one-year-old Floyd were with him. Neither Allen nor Ella could read and write.  Living with them was a 20-year-old boarder from Alabama named Hollis Ware. They were living in Humphrey, Paulding County Georgia.[iii]

Search Military Records - Fold31918 – Ella was identified as Allen’s wife when he registered for the draft. They were living on R.F.D. 1, Dallas, Paulding County.[iv]

1920 Census – The family had grown by 1920.[v] 

  • Floyd was still at home and attending school.  He is identified as being able to read and write, the first in the family.
  • Elmer was born in 1912 and was also attending school.
  • Lola was born 14 Oct 1914 in Dallas, Paulding County, Georgia.
  • Paul was born 25 Aug 1918 also in Paulding County.

1923 – Tragedy struck again with the death of another infant child. Ella had twins, was named Mary Lee that lived, the other twin died. It is not clear how long the second twin lived.

1930 Census – The census record shows that Allen and Ella have three of their children still living with them. They are living on a farm on Villa Ricca Road, Dallas, GA. Sadly, 17-year-old Elmer is working as a farm laborer and is not attending school. He is also identified as unable to read and write. His brother, 11-year-old Paul, is attending school and can read and write. Six-year-old Mary is not attending school.[vi]

Death

Marker - Allen William Adair
Marker – Ella M [Mitchell] – Allen William Adair
Ella Mitchell died in 1936, presumably in Paulding County, Georgia.  She is buried at Bethany Christian Church Cemetery, Dallas, Paulding County, Georgia.[vii]

Further Actions / Follow-up

  • Search records searching for Ella’s actual birth date.
  • Search records searching for Ella’s actual death date.
  • Determine Ella’s parents (Do a surname study of Mitchells in Paulding County). Georgia.)


Endnotes

[i] Georgia, County Marriages, 1785-1950, Family Search, Allen Adair – Ella Mitchell – 18 April 1904. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KXVF-7XP.
[ii] 1910 Census (NARA), Family Search, Allen Adair – Humphrey, Paulding, Georgia ED 121, Page 10B, Line 75. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MLLS-FJM.
[iii] Ibid.
[iv] United States World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918 (NARA), Family Search, Allen William Adair – Georgia Paulding County; A-Z. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KZZJ-FMK.
[v] 1920 Census, Family Search, 1920 Census – Allen [Adair] Adain, Cains, Paulding, Georgia, United States; citing ED 143, sheet 5A, line 5, family 74. Accessed 19 August 2017. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MJXS-4VR.
[vi] 1930 Census, Family Search, Allen Adair – Dallas, Paulding, Georgia, ED 8, Sheet 3A, Line 3. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:3HF1-WZM.
[vii] Find a Grave, Find a Grave, Ella [Mitchell] Adair – Memorial #45685515. https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=45685515.

Bio – Lura Scroggins (1906-1949)

Adair Project

AH-05 – Lura Scoggins

6 October 1906 – August 1949

Lura Scoggins was born on 6 October 1906 in Georgia[i],[ii]; she died in August 1949 in Georgia, at age 42.[iii],[iv] She was buried in Pleasant Hill Baptist Church Cemetery, Austell, Cobb County, Georgia[v],[vi].

She is the third child and third daughter of George Scoggins (1875-1955), aged 31, and Minnie Estelle Jackson (1880-1978), aged 26. Her two older siblings were Bertha (b. 1901) and Nora (b. 1903).

“Historic” Milton County, Georgia, c. 1910
Map courtesy Georgia Info 

In the 1910 Census, “Lurie” is living with her father, mother, and three sisters. A third sister, Fannie Lou, was born in January of 1910. Her father rented and farmed in Crossville, Milton County, GA. (Milton County was abolished and merged into Fulton and Cobb counties in 1932.)[vii] Also, living with the family was George’s brother, Choice.

Also of interest, is that the 1910 Census (15 April) reported that Lurie was four-years-old, implying she was born in 1905. This is inconsistent with all other information regarding Lura’s birth. I believe this implied birth year to be in error even though I usually consider the first census a person is recorded in as correct regarding birth year.

Over the next decade three more siblings were born. First Cleo in 1912, then Lee Bell in 1914, and finally a brother, James S was born in 1917.

The 1920 Census finds Lura’s father renting and farming a farm on Crass Road in Gritter Township, Cobb County, Georgia. The family consisted of George and Minnie and five of the children; eighteen-year-old Bertha is no longer at home. It is interesting to note that although the three oldest children can read and write, none of the four school-age children are attending school. ,[viii]

The 1920s must have been good to the Scoggins family; George earned enough to be able to buy a farm on Brownsville Road in Powder Springs, GA, where they were enumerated in the 1930 Census.,[ix] Another sister, Lillian, was born in 1923. 1930 finds Lura and two of her sisters were working the farm while the three youngest siblings were attending school.

The 1930s turned into a trough time for Lura. Actually, she had one of the roughest lives of anyone I’ve ever researched. She married[x] Elmer Adair (~ 1910-?) in Cobb County, Georgia, on 15 April 1931.[xi] That August, Elmer went to prison for a year. After his release, Lura began having children – four of them before Elmer abandoned her. In 1939 Elmer went to prison for another year, this time for abandonment. Elmer escaped the minimum security facility and was then arrested for another crime while an escapee. He was returned to prison.

During the 1940 Census, the 31-year old (she’s getting younger) Lura is living with her parents and is identified as a widow. Her husband is actually alive but in prison. With her are four of her children. Also living with George and Minnie is Lynell Bell, a grandson who is apparently daughter Lillian’s child. Lura is listed as working as farm labor.[xii]

Another three children, all boys, are born for a total of seven children, four boys and three girls to Elmer and Lura,

In 1945, Elmer and Lura are back together and living at 553 Washington, SW, in Atlanta. Elmer is a driver for the Benton Transportation Company. [xiii] Benton Trans. Co was an over the road trucking company.

Lura died in 1949. Funeral services were held at Pleasant Hill Baptist Church on 7 August 1949. Internment was to be at the church cemetery.

Children of Elmer and Lura were:

Ruth Adair (1934-????).[xiv]
Geraldine Adair,, (1935-????)
Living Adair. [xv]
Wilma Adair (1939-????)
Troy D. Adair (1941-2011)
Living Adair.
Living Adair.

ENDNOTES

[i] Note: 1910 Census – Age 4 – Inconsistent – Suggests birth in 1905. 1920 Census – Age 13 – Consistent! 1930 Census – Age 23 – Consistent!!
[ii] Source: 1930 Census – Ancestry.com, http://www.Ancestry.com (Other)
[iii] Note: Mrs. Adair To Get Final Tribute Today AUSTELL, Aug. 7 — Funeral services will be conducted at Pleasant Hill Baptist Church Sunday afternoon at 3 p. m. for Mrs. Lura Adair. of Austell. Interment will be in the church cemetery, Lindley Funneral Home, Powder Springs. in charge. Survivors’. include M r . and Mrs. George Scoggins. Mr. and Mrs. James Scoggins. and Mr. and Mrs. Leon Boswell, Powder Springs: Mr. and Mrs. Lee Chumley, Smyrna; M r . and 1 Mrs. Nelson Norton. Douglasville: Mr. and Mrs. Carl Me- 1Daniel. Clarkdale: Mrs. J. F. Saylors. Atlanta. and Mrs. B. C. Elrod, Blue Diamond, KY
[iv] Sources: Marietta Journal, Marietta, Georgia (online archive) / Page 1 – Elmer Adair Is Returned to Cobb Camp – Genealogy Bank (Internet) – Marietta Journal, Marietta, Georgia (online archive) (Other)
[v] Note: Pleasant Hill Baptist Church cemetery – Lindley Funeral Home, Powder Springs was in charge.  —  Mrs. Adair To Get Final Tribute Today AUSTELL, Aug. 7 — Funeral services will be conducted at Pleasant Hill Baptist Church Sunday afternoon at 3 p. m. for Mrs. Lura Adair. of Austell. Interment will be in the church cemetery, Lindley Funeral Home, Powder Springs. in charge. Survivors’. include M r . and Mrs. George Scoggins. Mr. and Mrs. James Scoggins. and Mr. and Mrs. Leon Boswell, Powder Springs: Mr. and Mrs. Lee Chumley, Smyrna; M r . and 1 Mrs. Nelson Norton. Douglasville: Mr. and Mrs. Carl Me- 1Daniel. Clarkdale: Mrs. J. F. Saylors. Atlanta. and Mrs. B. C. Elrod, Blue Diamond, KY
[vi] Sources: Marietta Journal, Marietta, Georgia (online archive) / Page 1 – Elmer Adair Is Returned to Cobb Camp – Genealogy Bank (Internet) – Marietta Journal, Marietta, Georgia (online archive) (Other)
[vii] Source: 1910 Census / Crossville, Milton, Georgia; Roll: T624_204; Page: 12A; Enumeration District: 0120; FHL microfilm: 1374217. – Lines 41-47. – Ancestry.com (Digitizing)
[viii] Source: 1920 Census (FS) / Gritter, Cobb, Georgia, United States; citing sheet , family 187, NARA microfilm publication T625, FHL microfilm 1820244 – Lines 20 – 27. – Family Search (Digitizing)
[ix] Source: 1930 United States Federal Census – Ancestry.com (Other)
[x] Note:  Marriage Date: 15 APR 1931 Place: Cobb, Georgia, USA
[xi] Source: City Directory – Atlanta (Other)
[xii] Source: 1940 United States Federal Census – Ancestry.com (Other)
[xiii] Source: City Directory – Atlanta / 1945 – Page 36 – Ancestry.com (Other)
[xiv] Notes: “Living Adair” means I do not have documentative evidence that the individual is dead. “????” in the death date position means the individual has passed, however I don’t know for certain the exact date.
[xv] Ibid.
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