Joel Cruff Taft & the 1830 Census

Census Sunday
By Don Taylor

Following families in the early census records is always tricky. Reading incorrectly transcribed names and filling in the gaps makes things challenging. Such is the case concerning Joel Cruff Taft and the 1830 Census.

During the 1840 Census, Joel, his father Asa, and his Brother, Asa Junior, were enumerated next to each other. In the 1830 Census, Joel and his father were listed next to each other. Brother, Asa Jr., is enumerated two after Joel on the next page. They were located in Lisle, Broome County, New York.

Their profiles show:

      • Asa:                       – 1 1 1 – – – 1  ||  – 1 – 1 – 1
      • Joel Cruft Taft – 1 – – – 1        ||  2 2 – – 1
      • Asa Jr.:                 – 2 1 0 0 1        ||  3 1 – 1 – 1

In 1830, I believe that Joel had five children, a boy and four girls. The four girls fit, Amanda and Catherine being under 5, while Mercy and Sarah would be between 5 and 10.  The boy under five must be the same unknown boy who appears in the 1840 Census between 10 and 15.

Although I cannot read Joel’s name in the 1830 Census, I am confident that this is Joel beneath his father, Asa Taft.

Joel Cruff Taft Household – 1830

Males <5        1          Unknown (b. 1824-1830)
Males 20-30 1          Joel (29)
Females <5    2          Amanda (4) – Catherine (1)
Females 5-10 2          Mercy (8) – Sarah (5)
Females 20-30 1       ?Tamise? (34)

When I research Asa’s life, I will need this Census information for him, so I’ll include it here.

Asa Taft Household – 1830

Males

  • Age 5-10 1          James (8)
  • Age 10-15 1          John (15)
  • Age 15-20 1          Seth (16)
  • Age 50-60 1          Asa (56)

Females

  • Age 5-10         Sarah Jane (9)
  • Age 15-20     Unknown (b. 1810-1815)
  • Age 30-40    Lucy (39)

Broome County Deeds 1819-1824 – Vol 8 – Pages 108 & 109

Roberts-Barnes-Taft-Sutherland
Amanuensis Monday
By Don Taylor

[Transcription of Page 108]

Heirs of Mary Sutherland       } 
                           To                           }
    Justice B Sutherland             }

Deed Book 8, Page 108

This Indenture made this seventeenth day of March one thousand eight hundred and twenty-one. Between Phineas Sutherland and Dorcas his wife, [[i]] David Sutherland and Rachel his wife, Lot Sutherland and Lydia his wife, Jacob W Fuller and Candice his wife, David Brown and Eliza his wife, Joel C Taft and Tammey his wife of the the town of Lisle, County of Broome, State of New York of the first part and Justice B. Sutherland of the town aforesaid of the second part Witnesseth, that the said parties of the first part for and in consideration of the sum of one hundred dollars to them in hand paid by the party of the second part the receipt whereof as is hereby con??ped and acknowledged Hath remised realeased and forever quit claim unto the  2nd Justice his heirs and assigns forever all right and title which have the 1st parties of the first part have in and to a certain piece or parcel of land lying and being in the town of Lisle it being a part of lot No seventy in the first township of the Chenango Triangle – Bounded as follows – Beginning at the southwest corner of a lot of lands containing 100 acres deeded to Mary Sutherland by John Hornby then north fifteen chains eighty three and a half links to the Swest corner of David Sutherland land thence East thirty one chains sixty seven links to the S. east corner of 1se David Land thence south fifteen chains eighty three and a half links to a stake marked thence west to the place of beginning containinf fifty be the same more or less – To have and to hold all [??] right and title in and to said remised released and quit claims forever in with the assentenance thece of onto the said Justice his heirs and assigns forever to his and their own to [???] use and behoof*

[ Text continued on left margin ]

* And Furthermore we the said parties of the first part do for our select our heirs ?? Administrator consistent with the paid Justice his heirs and assigns that from and after ensealing of those Seventy-two the partials of the first part will have and affirm no right and title a deserved into the above remise released and quitclaim presence.

[ Text continued on the main page ]

In witness whereof we the parties of the first part have hereunto set our hands and seals the day and years first above written Phineas [His Mark] Sutherland {Seal} Dorcas {Her Mark Sutherland {Seal} David Sutherland {Seal} Rachel Sutherland {Seal} Lot Sutherland {Seal} Lydia Sutherland {Seal} Jacob W. Fuller {Seal} Candance Fuller {Seal} David Brown  {Seal} Eliza Brown  {Seal} Joel C Taft  {Seal} Fanny Taft  {Seal}. Signed sealed and delivered in presence of Joseph Warner Orlando C. Fuller.

On the 28th day of January in the year of our Lord 1822, personally appeared before me Oliver Stiles one of the conerned na??g  of 1d County Phineas Sutherland & Dorcas his wife, David Sutherland & Rachel his wife, Lot Sutherland & Lydia his wife, Jacob W Fuller & Candance his wife, David Brown & Eliza his wife and Joel C Taft and Fanny his wife,

[ Page 109 ]

Deed Book 8, Page 109

with names to me bury[?] and acknowledged that they executed the within deeds and the Dorcas Sutherland, Rachel Sutherland, Lydia Sutherland, Candance Fuller, Eliza Brown and Fannie Taft came to me I examined separately privately and but [???] their husbands acknowledged thay executed the same voluntarily and without any fear or compulsion from them. Oliver Stely

Recorded June 25th, 1822 at 10 O.Clock A.M.

[Transcription by Don Taylor, 10 March 2021]

Findings

  • Mary Sutherland died before 17 March 1821.
  • Her estate, of some 50 acres, went to her children.
  • Her children consisted of:
    • Phineas Sutherland and Dorcas his wife,
    • David Sutherland and Rachel his wife,
    • Lot Sutherland and Lydia his wife,
    • Candice, the wife of Jacob W Fuller,
    • Eliza, the wife of David Brown
    • Tammy, the wife of Joel C Taft
  • All of the above appear to have been living on 17 March 1821.
  • It is unclear, but Justice B. Sutherland may have also been one of her children. The property transfer was recorded on 25 June 1822.

Endnotes:

[i] Note: Comma’s were not in the original but were added to the transcript to improve readability.

Joel Cruff Taft & the 1840 Census

Census Sunday
By Don Taylor

Photo of Don Taylor with cat Nasi.Following families in the early census records is always tricky. Reading incorrectly transcribed names and filling in the gaps makes things challenging. Such is the case concerning Joel Cruff Taft and the 1840 Census.

Joel was born in 1798 or 1800 in New York. He died in either 1844 or 1847, probably in Fairbanks, Sullivan County, Indiana. It is notable that all of his known children, including his youngest, William, were born in New York. So, it is likely that Joel was in New York during 1840 and was probably either 40 or 42 years old. I expect his wife, Tamise, to be living with him and over 40-years-old, My guess as to children is they would have as Female “1 3 2”.

      • Under 5 – Platina
      • Age 5 to 10 – Luracy, Joanna, & Candance
      • Ages 10 to 15 – Catherine & Amanda

0 0 0 0 0 0 1 |  1 2 2 0 0 0 1

There is no Joel Cruff Taft enumerated in the Census; however, there as several Joel Taft’s, but none of them lived in New York (or Indiana). There is a “J. C. Toft,” two “J. Taft’s and a “Taft.”

Name Location Abbreviated Enumeration
Taft New York City 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 | 0 0 2 0 1
J Taft Triangle,  Broome, NY 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 | 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
J Taft Triangle, Broome, NY 0 1 1 – 1 1 – – 1 | 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1
J. C. Toft Barker, Broome, NY 0 0 1 0 1 1 | 2 1 3 1 – – 1

It is also possible that Luracy was enumerated as under five and for Candance being listed as 10-years-old depending upon when their birthdays fall within the year. If so, that would make the profile “2 1 3.” As seen in the Census.

The critical fact is that Joel had five daughters under 15, and “J. C. Jogt” is the only head of household enumerated in New York during the 1840 Census with five daughters. Consequently, I am tentatively accepting that Joel Cruff Taft, his wife, and seven females (likely daughters) lived in Barker (town), Broome County, New York, on 1 June 1840.

The 1830 Census is next.