Ancestor Biography – Mary Electa Parsons (1828-1888)

Roberts/Brown 2016 Research

Brown/Sanford/Parsons Line

By Don Taylor

List of Grandparents

  • Grand Parent: Richard Earl Brown
  • 1st Great: Arthur Durwood Brown
  • 2nd Great: Marion Sanford
  • 3rd Great: Mary Electa Parsons
  • 4th Great: Chester Parsons
  • 5th Great: John Parsons [Jr.]
  • 6th Great: John Parsons [Sr.]

Ancestor #51 – Mary Electa Parsons (1828-1888)

I recently wrote about the inconsistency of birthdates for individuals through the various census records. (See: Arthur Durwood Brown – Born 1869.) Mary Electa (Parsons) Sanford is one of the worst I’ve ever seen. She only ages four years during the decade between 1850 and 1860. Records that provide a month for her birth are consistent – September.

Assuming she was born in September, the Census records infer birth years of 1926, 1827, 1828, 1829, and 1833. So, I thought I’d do a birth table for her showing the data and source I have for it. I found it interesting to note that that the book suggests 1828 as her birth year, a year not inferred by any of the Census records. But which record would provide the proof?

Table – Potential Birth Years for Mary Electa Parsons Sanford.

Record Age or Date Stated Birth Year
1840 Census [1 of 2 females age 10 to Under 15) [1825 to 1830]
1845 Marriage Record Age 17, Saline, Michigan* Infers 1828
1850 Census Age 22, Michigan Infers 1827
1860 Census Age 26 Infers 1833
1870 Census Age 40 Infers 1829
1880 Census Age 52, Michigan Infers 1827
1881 – History of Washtenaw… Sep. 14, 1828, Saline Tp. [MI] 14 Sep 1828
1885 Census Age 58, Michigan Infers 1826
1888 – Marker (FaG) 1829 1829
2015 – Find a Grave Sep. 14, 1828, Washtenaw Co., MI 1828

I have been unable to find a primary source for her birthday.  The “best” record I have regarding her birth year is her marriage return. I have found state filed marriage records to be very accurate regarding the date of the marriage, but not so accurate regarding the ages of the bride and groom. Couples often give their ages as compliant to the laws of the state and not necessarily their actual age. I have also seen records where a man said his age was many years younger than he was when he was marrying a woman half his age.  I decided to look closely at the Census and other records to provide enough background to be able to look at the marriage return critically. I marveled that Mary Electra only aged four years between the 1850 and 1860 Censuses. To her credit, she aged fourteen years between 1860 and 1870. Most confusing is that her burial marker shows the birth year of 1829 the History of Washtenaw… indicates 1928.

If Mary’s birthday was 14 September and she married at 17 years of age on 29 October 1845, she would have to have been born on 1828. If she were older, there would not have been any reason to make herself younger. If she were younger, she might have needed to age herself up to fulfill legal requirements.

For quite a while I favored the 1850 and 1880 Censuses that suggest a 1827 birthdate. In 1860, she identified herself as much younger than she was.  Again in 1870, she identified herself as somewhat younger than she was. I think a very telling document about her is her marker.  It indicates that she was younger than any of the other documents (expect for the 1860 Census). So, it seems her friends and family, who had the marker carved, thought she was younger than she was.

Snapshot of William Sanford and Mary Parsons's Marriage Return
Marriage Return Miss Mary Parsons age 17 years 29 day of Oct 1845

For me, the marriage return is the closest document I have and that leaves me in something of a quandary.  I have not been able to find what the law was in 1845. I know that Michigan’s age of consent without parental approval was 18 in 1887. However, I couldn’t find a law before that.  Was there a reason for Mary Electa to make herself a year older?  I don’t know the answer. It could be. However, in the absence of a compelling reason to believe otherwise, I’ve decided to accept the year of birth reported in The History of Washtenaw County… and reported by the Marriage Return and not the year chiseled into her marker or any of the Census records.

By the way, The History of Washtenaw County… reported her marriage as 9 Nov 1845 and not 29 Oct 1845, as stated in the Marriage Return. Being wrong in one fact reduces the creditability for the other events in the book and concern me greatly. If anyone knows of any other records which provide a clear answer to the year of Mary Electa Parson’s birth, I’d love to learn of it.  Please comment below. Also, if you know a good source regarding what laws affected marriage with and without consent in Michigan in 1845, I’d love to learn about the source.


Mary Electa Parsons was the third of seven children of Chester and Deborah Buel (Maben) Parsons.  She had three older siblings and one sibling who died before she was born. They are:

  • Chester Parsons (Jr.} Born in 1820. Sarah’s parents, Chester and Deborah appear to have been married in 1824. As such, it is unclear if Chester Jr. (and Sarah Jane) were children of Chester and Deborah, half-siblings to Mary Electa, or were related in some other way. Further research is needed to understand these relationships.
  • Sarah Jane – Born in 1822. [See Above]
  • Lucinda – Born 1825.
  • James – another brother, James, was born and died in 1826.

And at least four other younger siblings including:

  • Alfred David – Born September 1830
  • Harriet Eliza – Born 16 February 1832
  • E. W. – Born c. 1833
  • Melissa – Born 30 June 1843

The 10-year gap between E.W. and Melissa suggests the possibility of additional children conceived between 1834 and 1840, possibly three.

We do know that Mary Electa’s father, Chester, purchased 160 acres in Saline Township in 1834, so it appears that she grew up as a farm girl in a pioneer setting. The 1840 Census appears to show that her father, Chester, was living in Seline with a child of Mary Electa’s age. It was probably a close family with Grandfather Maben living with them in 1840.


In any event, Mary’s childhood was short lived. She married William M. Sanford on 29 October 1845 at the age of 17 in Washtenaw County Michigan by William Hurley, a Minister of the Gospel.


  • Their first child, Marion, came quickly, sometime within 16 months of their marriage.
  • Their second child, whose name is unknown, was born in April 1850; however, he or she does not show up in the 1860 census and is believed to have died.
  • Their third child, Elva, was born in 1852 or 1853.
  • Almon C. was born October 1855, married, had several children, and died in 1922.
  • William A (aka Willie) was born in 1858 or 1859; he married Victoria Waller.
  • George Poindexter Sanford was born 7 Oct 1865 in Saline. He married Etta J. Miller in 1896, had children, and died in 1932.
  • Finally, it appears that there was one more child of William M and Mary Electa Sanford who died before 1881.  I am not sure where that child fits in the scheme of things.


Mary kept house during the 1860, 1870, and 1880 censuses and does not appear to have had a job outside the home.

In 1885 the William and Mary located to Wells, North Dakota along with two of their sons, Almon and George.


Marker - Mary E. (Parsons) Sanford
Marker – Mary E. (Parsons) Sanford

Mary died on 18 June 1888 and was buried at Lake View Cemetery in Cathay, Wells County, North Dakota on Row 8.

Further Actions / Follow-up

  • Research the life of Mary Electa Parsons Sanford further.
  • Follow-up by researching lives of Mary Electa’s other children.
  • Follow-up by researching lives of Mary Electa’s sibling.




  1. Family Search: 1840 Census – Chester Parsons – Saline Township, Washtenaw County, Michigan, Page 141;
  2. Family Search: 1850 Census; William Sanford – Michigan, Washtenaw, Seline, Sheet 737, Line 41 & Following sheet;
  3. Family Search: 1860 Census; William Sanford – Indiana, Dearborn, Aurora Center, Image 424;
  4. Family Search: 1870 Census; William Sanford – Michigan, Washtenaw County, Saline, Page 17, Line 22;
  5. Family Search: 1880 Census; William Sanford – Michigan, Washtenaw, Saline; ED 237, Page 22 B, Line 16;
  6. North Dakota State University: 1885 Census Index – Dakota Territory; Wm Sanford – Page 35W-005;
  7. Find a Grave: Mary E Sanford – Memorial# 142980426;
  8. Google Books: History of Washtenaw County, Michigan by Pioneer Society of Washtenaw County (Mich.); William Sanford – Pages 1408 and 1409;
  9. Blog: 1840 Census and Chester Parsons:
  10. Family Search: Michigan, County Marriages, 1820-1940 – William Sanford – Mary Parsons.



BM-25 – Marion Sanford (1846-c.1893)

BM-25 – Marion Sanford (1846-c.1893)

52 Ancestors – Week 92
My second great grandmother, Marion Sanford, was born between 02 Jun 1846 and 01 Apr 1847 in Michigan[i],[ii]. The 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 and 1885 Dakota Territory census records are all consistent with those dates. She was the first child of William M Sanford and Mary E Parsons[iii]. She had six siblings: Elva P, Almon C, William A, George P, and two whose names are Unknown.

“Winter Scene on Saline Area Farm.”
“Winter Scene on Saline Area Farm.”Photo Courtesy:  University of
Michigan Library Digital Collections

In the 1850 Census she was living in Saline, Washtenaw, Michigan with her parents and a one-month-old “infant” who is most likely a sibling whose name is unknown. Also living with them were J. W. Sanford, age 19, and Charlie Sanford, age 11[iv]. Their relationship is unknown but I suspect they were siblings of William.

It appears that the family moved to Indiana about 1857-58, because her siblings Elva and Elmon (Almon) were born in Michigan; but, her youngest sibling, Willie, whose age was one during the 1860 Census was born in Indiana. The infant from the 1850 census appears to be missing. Interestingly enough, the 1860 Census shows her name as Mary, living in Aurora, Dearborn County, Indiana and she was attending school. She was counted in the census on 01 Jun 1860 in Aurora, Dearborn, Indiana (Attending School)[v].
When she was 19, she married W Henry Brown, son of Benjamin Brown and Eliza Fowler, about 1866 in Michigan[vi].
1. Nettie May Brown was born about 1867 in Michigan[vii].
2. Arthur Durwood Brown was born on 05 Dec 1869 in Saline, Washtenaw, Michigan[viii].
Saline RR Depot Opened c. 1870
Photo Courtesy: Saline Area Historical Society
She lived in Saline, Washtenaw, Michigan, on 01 Jun 1870 (Keeping House)[ix].
3. Charles D Brown was born about 1871 in Michigan[x].
4. Mary Brown was born about 1872 in Michigan[xi].
5. Ahnond Brown was born on 01 Apr 1873 in Saline, Washtenaw, Michigan[xii].
6. Clifford Gerome Brown was born in 25 Nov 1875 in Michigan[xiii].
7. William Henry Brown was born about 1876 in Michigan[xiv].
8. Clyde Hewett Brown was born in Apr 1877 in Michigan[xv].
9. Frederick Brown was born on 25 Jan 1878 in Saline, Washtenaw, Michigan[xvi].
She lived in Saline, Washtenaw, Michigan, on 01 Jun 1880 (Keeping House)[xvii].

10. Adia Brown was born on 01 May 1882 in Saline, Washtenaw, Michigan


Photo Courtesy Saline Area Historical Society
A large fire burned much of downtown Saline May 21st 1881. I wonder if the fire, and it causing the loss of business and customers in Saline contributed to the Browns leaving Saline and moving west, to Dakota Territory sometime between 1882 and 1883[xix].
11. Marion and Henry’s youngest child, Edward Warberton Brown, was born on 31 Jan 1884 in Robinson, Kidder County, North Dakota[xx].
The 1885 Dakota Territory Census indicated that the W. H. Brown family lived in Jamestown, Stutzman County, Dakota Territory[xxi]. Jamestown was founded in 1872 and was a river crossing for the Northern Pacific Railroad. In 1873, Stutzman County became the first county in Dakota Territory. In 1883, Jamestown incorporated as a city and in 1889, North Dakota became a state. So, the Brown family were settlers in the Dakota Territory and many of them were still in North Dakota when it became a state.
I have been unable to find either Marion or her husband W Henry Brown in any records after 1885, so I have no death or burial information regarding Marion. By 1900, the children of Henry and Marion appear to have disbursed. Their youngest, 16 year-old Ed, was staying with Charlotte Sanford, the widow of his first cousin, once removed, so I suspect that both Marion and Henry had died by then.


[i] 1860 United States Federal Census (A), Ancestry,, 1860 – Indiana, Dearborn, Aurora, Page 420, Dwelling 220 – Wm Sanford.
[ii] 1885 Census – Dakota Territory, NDSU Archives, Page 44-018.
[iii] History of Washtenaw County, Michigan:  Together with Sketches of Its Cities, Villages and Townships… (1881), Pg 1409. Imgage, Google Books (
[iv] 1850 United States Federal Census (A), Ancestry,, 1850; Michigan, Washtenaw, Michigan, Page 737 & 738, Dwelling 214 – Wm Sanford.
[v] 1860 United States Federal Census (A), Ancestry,, 1860 – Indiana, Dearborn, Aurora, Page 420, Dwelling 220 – Wm Sanford.
[vi] Speculation. Marian’s first child was born in 1867 when she was 20. I guess-timate she and Henry were married about a year earlier when she was 19.
[vii] 1870 Census, Ancestry,, 1870; Census Place: Saline, Washtenaw, Michigan; Roll: M593_708; Page: 316A; Image: 86; Family History Library Film: 552207.
[viii] Minnesota, Division of Vital Statistics, Certificate of Death, Arthur D Brown.; Minnesota Historical Society.
[ix] 1870 Census, Ancestry,, 1870; Census Place: Saline, Washtenaw, Michigan; Roll: M593_708; Page: 316A; Image: 86; Family History Library Film: 552207.
[x] 1880 Census, Ancestry,, 1880; Census Place: Saline, Washtenaw, Michigan; Roll: 609; Family History Film: 1254609; Page: 276B; Enumeration District: 237; Image: 0033 AND Image: 0034.
[xi] Ibid.
[xii] Department of Vital Records, Michigan, Births, 1867-1902 (Lansing, MI, ), Family Search, Almond Brown, 01 Apr 1873.
[xiii] World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918, Ancestry,, Registration State: North Dakota; Registration County: Kidder; Roll: 1819445, Page 113 of 141.
[xiv] 1880 Census, Ancestry,, Year: 1880; Census Place: Saline, Washtenaw, Michigan; Roll: 609; Family History Film: 1254609; Page: 276B; Enumeration District: 237; Image: 0034.
[xv] 1900 Census (A) (National Archives and Records Administration), Ancestry,, Year: 1900; Census Place: Wells, Wells, North Dakota; Roll: T623_1234; Page: 10A; Enumeration District: 214.
[xvi] Department of Vital Records, Michigan, Births, 1867-1902 (Lansing, MI, ), Family Search, Fred Brown, 25 Jan 1878.       .
[xvii] 1880 Census, Ancestry,, 1880; Census Place: Saline, Washtenaw, Michigan; Roll: 609; Family History Film: 1254609; Page: 276B; Enumeration District: 237; Image: 0033 AND Image: 0034.
[xviii] Department of Vital Records, Michigan, Births, 1867-1902 (Lansing, MI, ), Family Search, Adia Brown, 01 May 1882.
[xix] Speculation: Adia was born in 1882 in Michigan and Edward was born in North Dakota in January 1884.
[xx] California, Death Index, 1940-1997 ( California, Death Index, 1940-1997 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations Inc, 2000.), Date: 1964-03-31.
[xxi] 1885 Census – Dakota Territory, NDSU Archives, Page 44-018.
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