By Don Taylor
Following families in the early census records is always tricky. Today, I am looking at the 1810 Census and Thomas (and Martha) Pankey of Cumberland County, Virginia.
From my other research, I believe the Thomas Armstrong Pankey household of 1810 should consist of the following:
- Thomas Age 46
- FNU Male Age 20
- Thomas Age 9 to 11
- Francis Age 3
- Martha Age 46
- FNU girl Age 22
- Mary Age 15 to 18
- Nancy Age 14 to 15
- Elizabeth Age 5
- Free White Persons – Males – Under 10: 2 Francis & Thomas
- Free White Persons – Males – 16 thru 25: 1 FNU
- Free White Persons – Males – 45 and over: 1 Thomas
- Free White Persons – Females – Under 10: 3 Elizabeth
- Possibly Henrietta and a new FNU
- Free White Persons – Females – 16 thru 25: 2 Nancy & Mary
- Free White Persons – Females – 45 and over: 1 Martha
It would appear that the 22-year-old female had married and was gone from the household.
It would also appear that the FNU girl under 10 is a heretofore unknown girl or is the same girl that I thought might be 22 years old, and I have her age entirely wrong.
The 1790 Population Schedule for Virginia is lost.[ii]
The 1800 Population Schedule only includes Accomack and Louisa counties.[iii]
I believe this Census reflects the Thomas Armstrong House of Cumberland County, Virginia, in 1810.
[i] 1810 Census, NARA, 1810 Census – Thomas Pankey. Year: 1810; Census Place: Cumberland, Cumberland, Virginia; Roll: 68; Page: 143; Image: 00282; Family History Library Film: 0181428. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XH25-R4C.