Pankey’s in the News – Judith Pankey Dies

Howell Research
Howell-Pankey Line
By Don Taylor

Photo of Don Taylor with cat Nasi.In the News” is my reporting of discovered newspaper articles and advertising regarding ancestors I am researching. Judith (Ligon) Pankey is the first wife of my wife’s third great uncle, Thomas Armstrong Pankey. She and Thomas were married on 27 January 1825, and Judith died on 14 January 1826, less than a year later. Her death was clearly a blow to the family.

This week from the Enquirer  (Richmond, VA) dated Tuesday, 7 February 1826, (Vol: XXII, Issue: 88) Page 3, “Mortuary Notice.”

DIED] — on the 14th instant, in the 17th year of her age, Mrs. Judith S, wife of Thomas Pankey, jr. of Cumberland. In the death of Mrs. P. the heart of every friend must mourn the loss of one, in whom are united in no ordinary degree all those virtues which adorn the female character, which rendes her name to the memory of those whom she has left. There are indeed but few, who have carried with them through life and borne with them to the tomb, a greater share of those attractions which bind together human hearts, and lay the foundation of all that deserves the name of friendship. As a daughter, wife, and friend, she was all that is implied in those endearing relations. Deep and painful is that bereavement which is felt by all to whom she was connected; but while they mourn over the memory of one so much endeared to their hearts, they do not mourn “as those who have no hope.” They cannot but find sweet consolation when they bring to recollection the many indubitable assurances which were given in the closing scene of life, that “for” her “to die were gain.” Her trust was in her Saviour—to him as her Redeemer, she has resigned her immortal interests, and in all the triumph of Faith and Hope she left the world with the assurance that he would “kee that which she had committed to his hands.” Those who stood around her dying bed, could not but realise, that
     “The chamber where the Christian meets his end
     “is privileg’d beyond the common walks of life.”

“Instant” in obituaries means the present or current month. In this case, the newspaper published the notice on 7 February, so “14th instant” must be referring to January. I suspect the obituary was written late in January and didn’t make the paper in January, and the “instant” was not changed to “ultimo” (the previous month).

If Judith was 17 when she died in 1826, she was born in 1808 or 1809. If she were in the 17th year of her life, she would have been born in 1809 or 1810. Because I am not entirely sure what was meant by “17th year of her age,” I’ve decided to identify her birth as between 1808 and 1810.

Marriage Bond – Thomas Pankey & Martha Cannon

Amanuensis[i] Monday
Howell-Pankey Line
By Don Taylor

TPhoto of Don Taylor with cat Nasi.his image is one of those cases where the document was extremely fragmented. But, by using similar documents it becomes fairly easy to fill in many of the gaps with what would be expected in a standard form. In this case, I put my supposed text into brackets [ ] and in purple. From other documents, I know the Bond was done by Thomas Pankey and James Johnson.

Document Image


Know All men                       [by these presents that we Thomas]
Pankey & Jms Johnson       [we hold and firm bound unto the]
Executive power of              [this state in the full sum of
Fifty pounds cu                     [current money of Virginia to such payment and
Really and truly                    [be made we bind our selves our each
of our heirs [accounts]         ___

These presents to our seals & da
of Novemr – in the year of our L… ’85

The condition of this obligation is [such] that if their
is no lawful [cause] to obstruct a marriage intended
to be had and solemnized between the [above] bound
Thos Pankey & Martha Cannon.

Then this obligation to be Void also [in force]        Thomas ___
Sealed and delivered                                                           James Jo____
In Presence of  }
__ Payne          }


The date is obscured but is presumed to be November 1785 and before 25 November 1785 when Thomas and Martha were married. The Surety Bond was Fifty Pounds (£50)[ii].


[i] John Newmark started the “Amanuensis Monday” category in 2009 on his Blog,  Transylvanian Dutch  and many bloggers have followed suit using the tag. Google provides the following meaning for amanuensis: “A literary or artistic assistant, in particular one who takes dictation or copies manuscripts.”

[ii] Virginia switched from the Pound to the Dollar in 1793.


Thomas Pankey & the Early Censuses

Howell Research
Howell-Pankey Line
Census Sunday
By Don Taylor

Following families in the early census records is always tricky. Today, I am looking at the 1810 Census and Thomas (and Martha) Pankey of Cumberland County, Virginia.

From my other research, I believe the Thomas Armstrong Pankey household of 1810 should consist of the following:

    • Males
      • Thomas Age 46
      • FNU Male Age 20
      • Thomas Age 9 to 11
      • Francis Age 3
    • Females
      • Martha Age 46
      • FNU girl Age 22
      • Mary Age 15 to 18
      • Nancy Age 14 to 15
      • Elizabeth Age 5

1810 Census[i]

  • Free White Persons – Males – Under 10: 2            Francis & Thomas
  • Free White Persons – Males – 16 thru 25: 1          FNU
  • Free White Persons – Males – 45 and over: 1       Thomas
  • Free White Persons – Females – Under 10: 3        Elizabeth
    • Possibly Henrietta and a new FNU
  • Free White Persons – Females – 16 thru 25: 2       Nancy & Mary
  • Free White Persons – Females – 45 and over: 1     Martha

It would appear that the 22-year-old female had married and was gone from the household.

It would also appear that the FNU girl under 10 is a heretofore unknown girl or is the same girl that I thought might be 22 years old, and I have her age entirely wrong.

Earlier Censuses

The 1790 Population Schedule for Virginia is lost.[ii]

The 1800 Population Schedule only includes Accomack and Louisa counties.[iii]


I believe this Census reflects the Thomas Armstrong House of Cumberland County, Virginia, in 1810.


[i] 1810 Census, NARA, 1810 Census – Thomas  Pankey. Year: 1810; Census Place: Cumberland, Cumberland, Virginia; Roll: 68; Page: 143; Image: 00282; Family History Library Film: 0181428.

[ii] FamilySearch – Virginia Censuses Existing and Lost.

[iii] ibid.

Binford – Surname Saturday

Howell-Pankey-Binford Line
By Don Taylor

Name Origin

Ancestry indicates that Binford is an English habitational name from Binneford in Crediton, Devon, based upon the personal name Beonna and Old English ford (ford).


Forebears indicates there are only about 3,136 people with the Binford surname globally, with 3,115 of them living in the United States. In the United States, nearly half of the Binfords live in Texas. Virginia, where our ancestors were from, contains 92 individuals with the Binford surname. Interestingly enough, although Binford comes from Crediton, Devon, England, there are no Binfords in England.

Direct Binford Ancestors

    • 5th Great-grandmother: 69 – Betsy Kinsey Binford(1739-ca. 1771)
    • 6th Great-grandfather: 138 – Thomas Binford (____-bef. 1754)*
    • 7th Great-grandfather: 276 – James Binford (____-____)*
    • 8th Great-grandfather: 551 – Anthony Binford (____-____)*

(* = Ancestors of Betsy Kinsey Binford are tentative.)


Our Binford ancestors lived before US censuses were enumerated. Figuring about 25 years between generations, my earliest known Binford ancestor, Anthony Binford, was probably born about 1664. I don’t know which of our Binford ancestors first migrated to the Colonies.

Direct Binford Descendants

We have 284 known descendants of Anthony Binford; 50 Howell, 36 Binford, 33 Pankey, and 16 Boseman. Two hundred three of those descendants are known descendants of Betsey Kinsey Binford. I have previously written about 5 of them.

Famous Binfords

Julien Binford Self Portrait – “Elizabeth Watching” Source: Julien Binford Facebook Page

Among famous Binford’s is Julien Binford (1908–1997), painter and professor of painting. Julien was born in and lived much of his life in Powhatan County, Virginia.

Our Binford family are from  Powhatan County and the counties Powhatan was descended from. So a relationship to Julien is entirely possible. It will be fun to do a “quick & dirty” tree for Julien and see if such a relationship exists.

Julien Binford has a Facebook Page “to celebrate both his life and his amazing art.”


Ancestor Sketch – Betsy Kinsey Binford

Howell Research
Howell-Pankey-Binford Line
By Don Taylor

Photo of Don Taylor with cat Nasi.[Following women during colonial times is always tricky, and Betsy Kinsey (Binford) Pankey is no exception. Seldom are women mentioned except in the context of another family member. What I have learned about Betsy was found in various wills and Quaker records.]

Betsy Kinsey Binford was born in 1739 in Henrico, Virginia, the daughter of Elizabeth and Thomas. She married Samuel Pankey in 1759 in Henrico county. They had five children during their marriage. She died as a young mother in 1770 in Goochland, Virginia, at the age of 31.

Betsy is found in 399 Ancestry Public Trees and is Family Search profile LZN1-15V.

Howell/Darling Ancestor #69

List of Grandparents

    • 4th Great-Grandmother: Betsy Kinsey Binford (1739-c. 1771)
    • 5th Great-grandfather: Thomas Binford (____-1754)*
    • 6th Great-grandfather: James Binford (____-____)*
    • 7th Great-grandfather: Anthony Binford (____-____)*

(I have not researched the Ancestors marked with an asterisk “*”; thus, they are speculative/tentative.)

Betsy Kinsey Binford (1739-c. 1771)


Betsy was born about 1739 in Henrico County, Virginia Colony. She was the fifth child of Thomas and Elizabeth (Kinsey) Binford. In various records, Betsy is referred to as Betsey and Bettie. Likewise, her middle name (and her mother’s maiden name) is spelled Kinsey and Kinsie in various records.

Children of Thomas and Elizabeth Binford (Siblings)

Name Born Married Died
James 1722 Margaret Mosby – 1745 1781
Priscilla 1724 Benjamin Watkins – 1754 1793
Thomas 1726 Judith Ladd – 1753 1815
John 1728 Susanna Ellyson – 1784 1790
William 1732 Mary Peebles – 1756 Bet 1791-1815
Betsy 1739 Samuel Pankey – 1759 Bet 1770-1772
Mary 1741 Joseph Ladd – 1767 1775
Sarah 1743 Amos Ladd – 1763 1814

In 1752 she was mentioned to receive ¼ of her father’s estate upon her mother’s death, Elizabeth. Her father died before August 1754, when she would have been about 15.


Betsey married Samuel Pankey in 1759 in Henrico County. She was 20, and he was 21. She did not receive permission from her mother to marry outside of her Quaker Faith and was disowned at a Quaker Meeting in August 1762. Her brother Thomas aided her in helping her to get to a priest for the marriage. He was found guilty but wasn’t punished by his Monthly Meeting “due to his youth.”

Children of Samuel and Betsy Kinsey Pankey

Name Born Married Died
Marion 1761 Sheldrake Broaddus – 1777 1831
Philip 1763 Ann Brown – 1788 1819
Thomas Armstrong c. 1765 Martha Cannon – 1785 1829
Judith Elizabeth c. 1767 Joseph Sallee – 1795 1818
Elizabeth c. 1770 George Walton – 1796 1616

Death/Burial, etc.

Betsey died between 1770 and 1772 in Manakin Town, Goochland County[i], Virginia Colony.

Events by Location

  • Virginia Colony, Henrico County –  Birth 1739 until 1759 (Marriage).
  • Virginia Colony, Goochland County, Manakin Town – 1759 until c. 1771 (Death).


    • Mary L. Bruner, Binford Family Genealogy ( Greenfield, Ind., Wm. Mitchell Printing Co., 1925), Archive.Org, Page 19.
    • William Wade Hinshaw, Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogy (Baltimore, MD, Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Orig 1950, Reprint 1973, 1993), Ancestry, Page 159 – 1762, 8, 7. Betty Kinsey Binford
    • Edmund West, Compiler, “Family Data Collection” – Individual Records, Ancestry, Samuel Pankey – No Image. Birth year: 1738; Birth city: Manakin Town; Birth state: VA.
    • Edmund West, comp., “Family Data Collection” – Marriages (Provo, UT, USA, Operations Inc, 2001), Ancestry, Samuel Pankey – Betsey Kinsey Binford – 1759.
    • George Edward Pankey, John Pankey of Manakin Town, Virginia, and His Descendants: Descendants and Connections of His Son Stephen Pankey, Sr., of Lucy’s Springs, Chesterfield County, Virginia (Lousiana: Ruston, 1969), Page 48 – 4. Samuel Pankey. Personal Library.
    • George Edward Pankey, John Pankey of Manakin Town, Virginia, and His Descendants: Descendants and Connections of His Son Stephen Pankey, Sr., of Lucy’s Springs, Chesterfield County, Virginia (Lousiana: Ruston, 1969), Page 51 – 4. Samuel Pankey (Continued). Personal Library.
    • US, Quaker Meeting Records, 1681-1935, Ancestry, Betty Kinsey Binford – Pages 70 & 71 – 7 Oct 1762.
    • Virginia Births and Christenings, 1584-1917, Family Search, Philip Pankie – 29 May 1763. Virginia Births and Christenings, 1584-1917″, database, FamilySearch ( : 28 January 2020.


[i] Goochland County was founded in 1728 as the first county formed from Henrico Shire.