Today I remember my ancestors that served in the military. I served during Vietnam and my ancestors served during every generation and many of our wars – Korea, both World Wars, the Civil War, the War of 1812, Revolutionary War, the French and Indian War, and even peacetime. I know of seven ancestors who served during the Revolution and three who served during the Civil War for the Union.
My stepfather, Edgar Jerome Matson fought in Europe during World War II
1928-1931 – Peacetime Service
My Grandfather – Richard Earl Brown (aka Clifford Durwood Brown, aka Richard Earl Durand) (1903-1990) My maternal grandfather “Dick” served in the Army. Little is known about his peacetime military service.
In 1928, he was in the army stationed in Panama. He was a member of the base’s champion basketball team (See: Article).
In 1930, he met my Grandmother in Panama. It appears that he was discharged in 1931.
World War I
My step-grandfather Sammy Amsterdam served during World War I.
Civil War – Grand Army of the Republic
My 2nd great-grandfather – John William Manning(1846-1888).
On 29 Aug 1863, John enlisted in the GAR, at the age of 17, into the 45th Regiment of Kentucky. His father, Enoch Mannin, gave his consent for young John William to enlist. Sometime between May and June of 1864 he was captured by the South (Morgan).
He mustered out on 30 Dec 1864.
My 3rd great-grandfather – Enoch Mannin (1823-1907)
On 29 Aug 1863 – Enoch enlisted (at the same time as his son John) in the 45th Regiment of Kentucky.
Between May and June of 1864, he was captured by the South (Morgan)
He was discharged on 29 Dec 1864 at Catlettsburg, KY.
My 2nd great-grandfather – Asa Ellis Roberts (1835-1887)
On 15 Aug 1861, Asa Joined the Union – Company I, 31st Regiment, Illinois Volunteers for 3 years. He was discharged early due to chronic pericarditis.
War of 1812
My 4th great-grandfather – Jacob Lawson (1800-___)
2nd Regiment (Lillard’s) East Tennessee Volunteers.
Was a private in Captain Waterhouse’s Company Tennessee Volunteers Florida.
My 3rd great-grandfather –John Calvin Roberts (1795-1873)
John C. Roberts was a veteran of the War of 1812, serving in Captain Chiles & Lieutenant Conway’s Company of Tennessee Militia. He enlisted Sep. 20, 1814 at Kingston, TN and was discharged there on May 1, 1815, serving 224 days. He received a pension for his War of 1812 military service.
My 5th great-grandfather – Silas Taft (1744-1822)
Serviced under Capt. Bezaleel Taft and Col. Nathan Taylor.
My 6th great-grandfather – John Maben (1753-1813)
(DAR – Patriot # A072838) Private – 1st Claverack Batt, 9th Regt.
Private – Capt Hawley, Col Van Ness; Albany Co. Mil/New York
My 6th great-grandfather – John Parsons, Sr (1737/1738-1821)
DAR – Patriot# A088240
Lieutenant – Second LT in Capt Samuel Wolcott, 10th Co, 1st Berkshire Cnty Regt of MA Militia.
Lieutenant – Also Lt. Cap. Elijah Daming, Col Ashley.
My 6th great-grandfather – Wicks Weeks Rowley (1760-1826)
(DAR – Patriot # A09932)
Private – New York Militia
My 6th great-grandfather – Stephen Taft (1710-1803)
Stephen was a Lieutenant of Massachusetts Militia. He was a Minute Man at the Lexington Alarm.
My 6th great-grandfather – Samuel Wolcott (1736-1802)
(DAR Patriot # A127434)
Captain – 10th Co, 1st Regt, Berkshire Co Militia; Col Hopkins Regt to Highlands.
My 7th great-grandfather – Grover Buel (1732-1818)
Revolutionary War (DAR – Patriot # A016639
He was a soldier of the Dutchess Co. New York Militia 6th Regiment.
He received Land Bounty Rights
French and Indian Wars
My 8th great-grandfather – Samuel Wolcott (1679-1734)
“He commanded a military company.”
According to “The Family of HENRY WOLCOTT” by Chandler Wolcott. See: https://archive.org/details/wolcottgenealogy00wolc “He probably served in either King Williams War 1688-1697 or Queen Ann’s War (1702-1713). These wars were the first two of the four French and Indian Wars, which pitted New France against New England.
I know I have more to discover and more to learn about their service, but 18 known ancestor Veterans is a great beginning.
As I researched Nelson Barnes I realized that many people are ascribing many Civil War records to Nelson indicating his service. Ancestry hints were indicating many different potential records that were all being ascribed to Nelson by various other researchers. I needed a way to help differentiate my Nelson from other Nelsons.
My Nelson Barnes was born in New York in 1816. According to Thomas Wolfe, Nelson and his wife located to Sullivan County, Indiana in the 1840s.[i] He was in Turman, Sullivan County, Indiana for the 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880 censuses. Turman township is on the Indiana-Illinois boarder so it is possible that he enlisted in Illinois. Kentucky is about 100 miles away and there are many other places he could have enlisted if the 47 year-old, father of 8 desired to do so.
Looking at the 1860 Census, I eliminated any Nelson Barnes that was born before 1800 as being too old to serve in the Civil War. I also eliminated anyone born after 1850 as being too young to serve. That left 19 individuals including my Nelson Barnes reported in the 1860 Census.
1860 Census – Birth and residence for individuals named “Nelson Barnes.”
Residence in 1860
Madison Co., KY
With a list of potential Nelson Barnes’ who could have potentially served in the Civil War, I need to look at each Nelson Barnes record and see if they fit my Nelson, another Nelson, or are not determinable from the record.
There was a Nelson Barnes who served with the 8th Regiment, Indiana Infantry (3 months, 1861). This unit organized on 21 April 1861. The unit mustered in on 25 April, 1861 and mustered out on August 2, 1861. This fits the service of the Nelson Barnes who was from Randolph County who enlisted on 24 April 1861.
There was a Nelson Barnes who served with the 5th Regiment, Indiana Cavalry (90th Regiment, Indiana Volunteers). This regiment mustered in during August, September, and October of 1862. This fits the Nelson Barnes from Lynn, Indiana who enlisted on 13 Aug 1862. Lynn is a town in Randolph county close to the Ohio border.
All of the other civil war records that I am finding for “Nelson Barnes” appear to relate to one of the many other Nelson Barnes’s identified in the table above or the Nelson Barnes from Lynn, Randolph County, Indiana.
Additionally, the 1870 Census shows a Nelson Barnes living in Washington, Randolph County, Indiana. Meanwhile, our Nelson Barnes was living in Turman Township, Sullivan County, Indiana.
Finally, Lynn is a town in Washington Township in Randolph County. I have no doubt that all of the Nelson Barnes records in Indiana relate to that Nelson (NB17 above).
I don’t believe that Nelson Barnes who lived near Graysville in Turman Township, Sullivan County, Indiana served in the Civil War.
ENDNOTES & SOURCES
[i] Wolfe, Thomas J., History of Sullivan County, Indiana, A, Files (Personal), Page 235. A history of Sullivan County, Indiana, closing of the first century’s history of the county, and showing the growth of its people, institutions, industries and wealth. New York: The Lewis Pub. Co.
By Don Taylor
Enoch Mannin is one of my “go to” ancestors. That is to say that if I find a new database or website I ask myself, should I find something about Enoch on that site? It is also a person that I search for on a system I know little about. Will Enoch be there? Enoch lived a really full life, he was born in Kentucky, he fought for the Union during the civil war. After the war, he migrated to Minnesota and homesteaded land there. So, there are many placed and records that mention him. Also, his name is helpful because is helps me understand the search criteria needed to be used. Are Mannin and Manning the same – Are Mannon and Mannan also included in the same search or do I need to use wildcards.
I think having a person whose life you know a lot about, so you can differentiate him from other people with the same or a similar name, and is a person that appears in many records helps to clarify a collection. For me, Enoch Mannin is that guy. Do you have such a person in your tree that you can always “go to”?
*Parentage unconfirmed but believed to be correct.
Enoch Mannin (1823-1907)
Enoch Mannin was born on 03 Jan 1823[ii] in Owingsville, Bath County, Kentucky. He was the first child of twelve children born to Meredith Mannin and Rachel (Fugate) Mannin.
Enoch appears to have gained a kind of wanderlust while a child. He and his brothers, Isaac and Thomas, were born in Kentucky, presumably Bath county but the family didn’t stay there long.
About 1829 the family moved to Missouri. The 1830 Census finds the Meredith Manning family, with four boys, the three born in Kentucky and one, Tubill, was born in Missouri. They were living in St. Ferdinand, St. Louis, Missouri.[iii] St. Ferdinand is an area of Saint Louis just north of the city much of which is in the flood plain where the Missouri and Mississippi rivers meet. Siblings Reuben and Katherine were also born in Missouri in 1831 and 1833 respectively.
About 1835, the family moved to Indiana, where siblings John, Mahala, Elizabeth, and Sarah Jane were born. The 1840 Census finds the family in Boone County, Indiana.[iv] Oddly enough, one child appears to be missing from the 1840 Census. At the time, they should have had two boys from 10 to under 15 in the household, Thomas (age 13) and Tubill (age 10). However, the census shows only one male child in that age range. I don’t know if one of them was just missed in the census or if one of them was elsewhere. Both do appear in subsequent records. All other children appear to be present in the 1840 census records.
About 1841, the family moved to Carter County, Kentucky. There his two youngest siblings Zachariah in 1841 and Tarlton in 1842 were born.
So, it seems that Enoch’s wanderlust was developed as a child; he lived in at least four different locations in three states while he was growing up.
When he was 20, he married Minerva Ann Tolliver, daughter of Tulion Tolliver and Martha Mannin, on 15 Oct 1843 in Grayson, Carter County, Kentucky. The ceremony was performed by Joseph Nichols who appears to have had a “Christian Church” in Morgan County.
Enoch and Minerva had nine children. They were:
Charlie was probably born circa 1844 and died about 1850.
John William Manning: born between 1845-1846 in Kentucky. He died on 25 Apr 1888 in Carter County, Kentucky. He married Elisa Jane Fannin before 1880 in Kentucky.
Isaac Wilson Mannin was born between 1845-1846 in Kentucky (Probably Owingsville, Bath County). He died on 01 Nov 1931 in Yakima, Yakima County, Washington. He married Hattie T. [Unknown] in 1868 in Kentucky.
Nancy Ann Mannin was born in Mar 1849 in Kentucky (She was age 10/12 during the 1850 Census). She died on 02 Feb 1913 in Ogema, Saskatchewan, Canada. She married Jessie Monroe Barnett on 22 Jan 1867 in Carter County, Kentucky.
Meredith Mannin was born between 1850-1851 in Kentucky.
Sarah Jane Mannin was born between 1854-1855 in Kentucky (Probably Owingsville, Bath County7). She died on 28 Jan 1942 in Medical Lake, Spokane, Washington14 (At age 88 & 4 Months). She married Joseph Hatfield Bryant in 1869 in Kentucky.
Mary Ermaline Mannin was born between 1855-1856 in Kentucky. She died after 1899. She married was married twice.
She married Thomas N Jones on 17 May 1875 in Cass, Minnesota.
She married again to George Washington Gates in 1899 in Cass, Minnesota.
Gresella Mannin was born between 1856-1857 in Kentucky. She died in 1897 in Bemidji, Beltrami, Minnesota.
Prudence Mannin was born between 1859-1860 in Kentucky. She died after Jul 1898. She married a McDonald on 12 May 1877 in Olive Hill, Carter, Kentucky.
The 1850 Census indicates Enoch is living in Bath County, Kentucky working as a laborer. He has a modest amount of real estate (valued at $50). He cannot read and write – a capability he doesn’t appear to ever achieve. With him in the census records are his wife Minerva, and three children, John W, Isaac, and Nancy A.[v]
The 1860 Census indicates Enoch is still living in Bath County, Kentucky. He is a farmer whose real estate value is only $25. His personal property is $80. Living with him are his wife and six children, presumably all his and Minerva’s.[vi] they were
William (John William), age 15, who was working as a farm hand.
Isaac, age 12
Nancy, age 10
Sarah, age 5
Emaline, age 4
Grasella, age 3
All were born in Kentucky.
The Civil War
The civil war broke out in April 1861 when the Confederates attacked Fort Sumter. However, the war built up slowly as more and more men volunteered to serve in the Confederate and Union Armies. In April 1862, the Confederates enabled conscription (a draft). In July 1962, the Union also enabled conscription when a state couldn’t meet its quota with volunteers. Because Enoch was over 35, he probably would have never been drafted, but he did volunteer to serve on 29 Aug 1863. On that same day, he signed a parental consent for his son, and my 2nd great-grandfather, John W. Mannin to enlist early. John was only 17, but he was to turn 18 in the next couple months. Also, enlisting on the same day at Olive Hill with Enoch and John W. was a John N. Mannin. I have not determined the relationship between John N. and John W. or Enoch Mannin, yet, but their simultaneous enlistment cannot be a coincidence.
When Enoch enlisted, he was 40-years-old, however, he reported his age as 44. I don’t know if there was some sort of advantage to being older in his enlistment or not. He was 5’6” tall, had black hair and black eyes.[vii]
He mustered in at Grayson, Carter County, Kentucky on 28 September 1863. He serviced with Company E, 40th Kentucky Volunteer Mounted Infantry. I have not had a chance to follow the action of the 40th. KY Vol, Mounted Inf. yet.
I do know that he was captured by Morgan in 1864 and was finally released.[viii]
He mustered out at Catlettsburg, Boyd County, Kentucky on 30 December 1864.[ix]
After the War
The 1870 Census found Enoch living near Grayson, in Carter County, Kentucky, as a farmer. His real estate value had risen to $250 and his personal property was now $350. Living with him is his wife, Minerva, and four children, Meredith (age 19), Mary (age 16), Gazella (age 13), and Prudence (age 10). All of the children had attended school in the past year.[x]
The 1880 Census finds Enoch and Minerva still together, however, living with them are his son Isaac, Isaac’s wife Tennessee, and five of their children, Samuel, Henry, Frances, James, and Phodeence (?).[xi]
The Move North
In the fall of 1882, Enoch led a group of 9 families from Kentucky to Minnesota. Besides he and his wife Minerva, there were 8 other families.[xii]
His daughter Sarah Jane and her husband Joseph Bryant
His daughter Nancy A. and her husband, Jesse Barnett.
His daughter Mary E. and her husband, Thomas Jones.
His son Isaac and his wife, Hattie.
His grandson, John T. Bryant and his wife Mary (Son of Sarah Jane)
His cousin, Joseph Fugate and his wife Eliza.
The nephew of his son-in-law (Joseph), Squire Bryant and his wife Elizabeth.
Finally, a friend and neighbor, John W. and Mary Horn.
And, of course, all their children. I can only imagine the difficulties they faced on the long, 900-mile, trip from Grayson, Kentucky up to Holding Township, Stearns County Minnesota during the winter. They arrived in February[xiii] and immediately set up households.
The 1885 Census is somewhat confusing. Some oral history indicates that Phoebe Manning was raised by her aunt and uncle Mary E. (Mannin) and Thomas W. Jones and her sister Mary Manning was raised by their father, John William Manning. Other oral history indicates that both Mary and Phoebe Manning were raised by Tommy and Mary E. Jones. In either event, both Mary and Phoebe, along with their older brother Robert, are all living with grandparents Enoch and Minerva Mannin in near Saint Anna in Holding Township, Stearns County, Minnesota. Tomas and Mary Jones were also living in Holding Township, Stearns Count, Minnesota.[xiv] So, it is confusing when Mary and Phoebe lived with Tom and Mary Jones and when they lived with Enoch and Minerva. If any cousins can shed some light on this topic, I’d love to hear.
The Final Move
In the winter of 1887-1888, Enoch and several of the other families moved again – This time to Township 134 (May Township), Cass County, Minnesota.[xv] They began homesteading properties there. In February 1894, Enoch received a patent for 160 acres of land – The NE Quarter of Section 22 in township 134 North (later known as May Township) of Range 31 West of the Fifth Principal Meridian in Minnesota.[xvi]
John William Manning (Enoch’s oldest son and Mary and Phoebe’s father) died in April of 1888. By all oral accounts, the two children lived with the Jones’ after that. Oral history from Mary Manning said that Enoch was very strict and stern. Apparently, getting out from under Enoch’s rule was enough motivation to marry young, very young. Mary married Arthur Durwood Brown on 19 October 1891 when she was only 13 years old. Phoebe apparently toughed it out longer
The 1895 Minnesota Census shows Enoch living in Township 134 (May Township), Cass County Minnesota with his wife Minova [Minerva]. In the same household is his grandson, Robert J. Mannin with his wife, Martha J, and two of their children, Perly and Ernest.[xvii]
The 1900 Census finds Enoch and Minerva still living in living in Township 134. The census confirms Enoch was born in January 1823 and that Minerva was born in February. It has an error in Minerva’s birth year indicating 1881 rather than 1821, but the mistake is clear as her age is 78 years old. The two had been married 57 years. Minerva had had nine children, five of whom were still living.[xviii] All nine have been accounted for.
Dead – Charlie Mannin died c. 1850
Dead – John William died in 1888
Dead – Gresella died in 1897
Alive – Isaac Wilson died 1931.
Alive – Nancy Ann died in 1913.
Alive – Sarah Jane died in 1942.
Alive – Mary Ermaline died in 1941.
Alive – Prudence died in 1940.
Dead (by deduction) – Meredith must have died before 1900.
On 24 October 1902, Meredith’s wife Minerva died. They had just celebrated their 59th wedding anniversary.
The 1905 Minnesota Census shows the 82-year-old Enoch living alone in May Township[xix].
Enoch died on 7 April 1907, in May Township, Cass County, Minnesota. He is buried in Bridgeman Cemetery, May Township, with a marker showing his Civil War service in Company E, 40th Kentucky Infantry.[xx]
Further Actions / Follow-up
I need to follow the Civil War action of the 40th. KY Vol, Mounted Inf.
I also need to research the further moves of the nine families. (Some moved to Washington, some to Canada, others to Oregon.)
Do you have a photo of Enoch Manning, his siblings or his children? If so, I’d be very interested in getting a digital copy of it. Please contact me using the comment form below.
Are we related? If we share Enoch Mannin as our first common ancestor then we are probably fourth cousins. Fourth cousins is about the limit that autosomal DNA can reliably match individuals. If you have a nice, we defined, tree I highly recommend DNA Testing through Ancestry.Com. If your tree has gaps, adoptions, or unknown paternal events, I highly recommend Family Tree DNA. If you haven’t tested, please use one of the links below to order your test. Contact me using the form below if you have any questions. I find it fun to genetically identify new cousins. Hopefully, you will too. [xxi]
[i] Mannin, Manning, Mannen, and Mannon are used interchangeably in various documents. My tendency is to use the variation used in the source/document I am citing from, however, occasionally I will use my preferred spelling regardless of the document.
[ii] Mannin Family Bible, Copy, Mannin Family Bible – Family Records – Births.
[iii] 1830 Census (A) (NARA), Ancestry.Com, 1830 Census – Meredith Manning – St Ferdinand. St Louis County, Missouri.
[iv] 1840 Census (A) (NARA), Ancestry.Com, Year: 1840; Census Place: Boone, Indiana; Roll: 74; Page: 138.
[v] 1850 Census (A), Ancestry.Com, Enoch Mannan – Division 2, Bath, Kentucky – Page 71, Family 486 – Line 26. Source Citation: Year: 1850; Census Place: Division 2, Bath, Kentucky; Roll M432_191; Page: 36A; Image: 453.
Volunteered at Olive Hill, KY
August 29 1863 by N. B. Lateral
45 Regiment of Ky vol,
[Page 2 of 3 – Left side]
DECLARATION OF RECRUIT.
Enoch Mannin desiring to volunteer
as a Soldier in the Army of the United States, for the term of one year, Do declare,
That I am forty-four years and ___ months of age;
that I have never been discharged from the United States service on account of disability or by sentence of a
courts-martial, or by order before the expiration of a term of enlistment; and I know of no impediment to my
serving honestly and faithfully as a soldier for one year
given at Olive Hill KY
The 29 day of August
Witness: James Gavin
– Enoch Mannin
Volunteered at Olive Hill, KY
August 29 1863 by N. B. Lateral
45 Regiment of Ky vol,
[Page 3 of 3]
STATE OF [EAGLE SEAL] COUNTY OF
I Enoch Mannin born in Bath County
in the State of Kentucky aged Forty Fouryears,
and by occupation, a farmer Do hereby acknowledge to have voluteer-
ed the twenty-ninth day of Aug. 1863, to serve as a
soldier in the army of the united States of America, for the period of
one year, unless sooner discharged by proper authority: Do also agree
to accept such bounty, pay, rations, and clothing, as are, or may be, established by law for
volunteers. And I Enoch Mannin do solemnly swear, that
I will bear true faith and allegiance to the United States of America, and that
I will serve them honestly and faithfully against all their enemies or opposers whomsoever;
and that I will observe and obey the orders of the President of the United States, and the
orders of the officers appointed over me, according to the Rules and Articles of War.
Sworn and subscribed to at Olive Hill by
this 29 day of Aug. 1863
Before N B Literal
I CERTIFY, ON HONOR, That I have carefully examined the above named Volunteer, agreeably to
the General Regulations of the Army, and that in my opinion his is free from all bodily defects and mental
infirmity, which would, in any way, disqualify him from performing the duties of a soldier.
I CERTIFY, ON HONOR, That I have minutely inspected the Volunteer Enoch Mannin
previously to his enlistment, and that is was entirely sober when enlisted; that, to the best of my judgement
and belief, he is of lawful age; and that in accepting him as duly qualified to perform the duties of an able-
bodied soldier, I have strictly observed the Regulations which govern the recruiting service. This soldier has
Black eyes, Black hair, dark complexion is 5 feet 6 inches high.
N. B. Literal
45 Regiment Kentucky Volunteers,
Sometimes I’m not sure where to turn. I’ve looked at several sources and just haven’t found the answer to my question.
I was recently researching Sylvester Scoggins as part of my Adair project. Sylvester was born in Georgia in 1840 and, as expected, he shows up in the Civil War records. Using Fold 3, I quickly looked at his record and saw where he enlisted, served his six-month enlistment, and was discharged as his company was dissolved. Nine months later Sylvester shows as being admitted to Ocmulgee Hospital in Macon, GA, for “Feb. Int. Quot”.
I suspect that “Feb” is probably flesh eating bacteria and that “Int.” is probably internal. But, I don’t have a clue what “Quot” is. Probably Latin for something, but I can’t figure it out for certain. Alternately, maybe this be a case where the patient is being quoted as to what he thinks the disease is? I don’t know what common practices were in that time and don’t know Latin.
If you know what “Feb. Int. Quot” is, please let me know in the comments below. I’d love to learn what it means.