I had the opportunity to visit the Maine State Library and scan the 1875 Scarborough, Maine, Tax Valuation Record using their Zeutschel OS 12002. It is a multi-camera book scanner that creates high-resolution images of bound and oversized materials. The scanned images were then combined into a PDF file. A “Scarborough Books” collection was created and the PDF file uploaded with some metadata information. Thank you so much for the assistance of Adam Fisher of the Maine State Library for his help and assistance in this Project. The scanned images were then combined and compressed into a PDF file. I then uploaded the resulting file to Digital Maine to make the images publically available.
Pages 1-28 (as numbered at the top left corner of a page) are Scarborough residents, generally arranged alphabetically by surname. That is to say, all people whose surname begins with a “C” are together.
In the second section are non-residents who owned property in Scarborough. These pages are unnumbered and are divided by the towns the individual lived in and then semi-alphabetically by surname. The towns include:
A third, unnumbered, section indicates residents and non-residents that live in Scarborough but do not own property.
If you have ancestors who lived in Scarborough, Maine, in 1875, this book may provide information of great interest. It provides information on real estate values, personal property (horses, oxen, cows, swine, sheep, carriages, and furniture. Also included are stocks and bonds, money lent at interest, and logs and timber held.
It was a great week for me at the Scarborough Historical Society Museum. On Tuesday, three of us traveled up to the Maine State Library in Augusta and began working on scanning several Tax Valuation Books from the Town of Scarborough. They have a Zeutschel OS 12002 – it is a multi-camera book scanner that creates high-resolution images of bound and oversized materials. It is capable of correcting for page curvature as well as recognizing and indexing printed text. The scanned images were then combined into a PDF file. A “Scarborough Books” collection was created and the PDF file uploaded with some metadata information. Thank you so much for the assistance of Adam Fisher of the Maine State Library for his help and assistance in this Project.
The Valuation books provide information about property owners and voters who were Scarborough residents and some info about non-residents who owned property in Scarborough. If you have ancestors who lived in Scarborough in 1841, this book may provide information of interest. It gives things like how many acres of land they owned and how it was being used as well as how many horses, cows, and pigs they owned.
We also have Valuations Books for 1875, 1890, 1892, and 1900 digitized. I’ll be working on getting those images available online over the next few weeks.
The Scarborough Historical Society post about the 1841 image is here.
They say that a picture is worth a thousand words; well, a good map can be worth ten times that. In my volunteer activities at the Scarborough Historical Society, I had been asked to confirm the locations for Scottaway Hill, Harmon’s Mill, and Mill Creek.
I looked into the society’s families files. The Harmon’s have a nice sized file, but all the documents we have seem to relate to other Harmons in the area (presumably descendants of Samuel Harmon). I looked at some of my other regular sources and found the same quoted information in several locations, “Samuel Harmon purchased several large tracts of land at Scottaway Hill in Scarboro, ME, built a mill on the river there known as Harmon’s Mill, and settled at the place in 1728.”
I thought this should be simple; I had seen the Blue Point and Dunston map from The History of Scarborough, which does a great job of showing where Scottow’s Hill, Harmon’s Mill, and even Harmon’s Landing were. Of course, “the road to Falmouth” is Route 1 today and the R.R. shown on the map is the Eastern Trail today. I double-checked with the society’s curator and she confirmed that Scottaway Hill and Scottow’s Hill are the same place.
1. Assuming the “Blue Point and Dunston” map is correct, Harmon’s Mill should be about 1/3 of the way between Route one and the Eastern Trail along the creek. That would put it right near the ninth hole at Willowdale golf course – behind the Portland Pie Company’s Corporate Headquarters.
My “go to” place for anything dealing with water is the USGS. They have a hydrography map that is incredible. http://viewer.nationalmap.gov/viewer/nhd.htm. Zoom in to the area you are interested in. I like to toggle on layers for Geographic Names, Structures, and Transportation. You can toggle on imagery as well.
2. To confuse things, the USGS map, and some other maps I’ve seen, indicate that Mill Brook is the right hand of the two forks shown on the Blue Point and Dunston map, not the one shown to host the mill. If so, the original site could be anywhere along that right-hand stream. I think this is the least likely scenario, but one that could be considered.
3. Finally, local tradition says that the mill was along the creek that doesn’t show up on any modern maps. Certainly, there is evidence that a creek ran through the area, but because of the development over the centuries there is no evidence of the mill there. Also, this site would be along the way to Harmon’s Landing.
Harmon’s Mill Location
Map by Google – Annotations by Don Taylor
So, if local tradition is correct and Harmon’s Mill was located along Manson-Libby Road, probably about half way to Harmon’s Landing. If so, then Scarborough History is incorrect. That said, three sites are really close to each other; all are within a half-mile circle and are within 1/2 to 1 mile from Scottow Hill. I may never know, for certain, where Harmon’s Mill was exactly, but to know that it existed and to know it was an important business in Scarborough 250 years ago is the important thing.
If you have evidence supporting that Harmon’s Mill was at one of these or some other location, I’d love to hear from you. I would like to know where Harmon’s Mill was, and I know the descendants of Samuel Harmon would love to learn where it was also.
Page 33 – Family Recorder: James Hawkes & Margaret Esthers
[We have a project at the Scarborough (Maine) Historical Society (SHS) where we are scanning and digitizing scrapbooks. Most of the pages are newspaper clippings and other documents which lend themselves to optical character recognition (OCR); however, there are also pages that are handwritten. To make those pages searchable within the final PDF document, I have been transcribing them as needed.]
Scrapbook, accession number 62.74.4, is a scrapbook of William King, which was donated to the SHS in 1962. Its contents are mostly newspaper clippings. The clippings go back to 1905, and the most recent clipping appears to be from 1952. The majority of the clippings are undated. The handwritten pages seem to be mostly genealogical lists of individuals that are ancestors of the King family and are also undated. The following page is from Page 33, as identified in the scrapbook index. The original was scanned in two parts at 2550 × 3509. The two parts were then stitched together using PhotoStitcher into a 3672 × 3958 file that is available at the SHS Museum. The stitched image was duplicated, cropped, resized for the web to 504 × 487, and is displayed here.
One aspect of this list that I found rather interesting is that rather than using traditional month names, the writer used number months, for example, “Fifthmonth” for May and “Seventhmonth” for July. I encountered that use once before and am wondering if I should add “Numberedmonth” to my search methodology in the future. If you have thoughts about doing so, please leave a comment below.
James Hawkes Married Margaret Esthers
20 Secondmonth 1771
16 Fourthmonth 1884
15 Tenthmonth 1772
24 Fifthmonth 1857
25 Eleventhmonth 1774
7 Secondmonth 1782
27 Seventhmonth 1830
13 Fifthmonth 1783
7 Secondmonth 1849
24 Eleventhmonth 1784
Eben R Hawkes
1 Tenthmonth 1853
29 Eighthmonth 1786
15 Eleventhmonth 1851
18 Eighthmonth 1789
15 Eleventhmonth 1851
27 Secondmonth 1792
3 Seventh-month 1858
13 Sixthmonth 1794
21 Tenthmonth 1844
18 Twelthmonth 1796
27 Sixthmonth 1866
Transcribed by Don Taylor
Scarborough Historical Society
14 Apr 2016
Because all dates are after 1752, they are presumed to be Gregorian. I added a conversion for each of the months used for search purposes:
Secondmonth = February
Fourthmonth = April
Fifthmonth = May
Sixthmonth = June
Seventhmonth = July
Eighthmonth = August
Tenthmonth = October
Eleventhmonth = November
Twelthmonth = December