Following families in the early census records is always tricky and following a woman through census records before 1840 is especially difficult. Margaret Ann (Swann) Walter is challenging.
Margaret died in New Salem, Fairfield County, Ohio, in 1826. The date she and her husband, James Walter, came to Ohio is still unknown, but I would presume it to have been before 1826. Several records suggest James and Margaret lived in Frederick County, Virginia, before they came to Ohio. So, I decided to try to find James, Margaret, or their children in Frederick County during the 1820 Census.
In 1820 I would expect the James Walter family to consist of:
The 1820 Census for Frederick County, Virginia, lists one Walter as head of household. That was John Walter of Stephensburg.
I believe I found John Walter, the son of John Walter, in the 1830 Census in Fairfield County, Ohio. If so, he was 20 to 29 years old then and would have been 10 to 19 years old in 1820. The John Walters of Frederick County, Virginia, is unlikely to be the same person.
His household consisted of 10 individuals:
Male 26-44 1 John Walter
Male 10-15 1
Male < 10 2
Female 26-44 1
Female 10-15 1
Female < 10 4
I believe that John Walter, son of James and Margaret, would have been 16 in 1820, so this John can’t be him. The female 26-44 is most likely John Walter’s wife. Margaret Ann (Swann) Walter would have been 60 in 1820, so this record can’t include her.
Walters – Frederick County, VA, in 1820
I have found that occasionally a “Walter” is enumerated as a “Walters” in the Census. There were two Walters in the 1820 Census for Frederick County, Virginia.
John Walters, Age 26-44. Again the Wrong age.
Lawrence Walters is a male over 45, with a female in the household over 45. My records show a Lawrence Walter, born about 1755, the son of John and Ann (Parker) Walter. He died about 1833, so this could be him. This could be the brother of my James Walter. Learning more about this person may be helpful.
I have not found James and Margaret Walter in Frederick County, Virginia, during the 1820 Census.
[i] Charles Stockard died in November 1820 in Fairfield County, Ohio. He and Elizabeth were married in Rockingham County, Virginia, in 1815, so I’d expect them to be either in Fairfield County, Ohio, or Rockingham County, Virginia.
[ii] David Swayze and his wife Catherine have located to Fairfield County, Ohio, by the 1820 Census.
Darling-Swayze-Walker Line Census Sunday
By Don Taylor
I had one follow-up task after my “Walter’s in the 1830 Census” research. I wanted to Investigate Elizabeth Walter’s marriages and determine when she married Charles Stockard and James Gurley to know if the woman I found in James Gurley’s household was likely Elizabeth.
Elizabeth Walters married Charles Stockard on 24 June 1815 in Rockingham County, Virginia.[i] I also learned that Charles died on 24 November 1820 and was buried in the Ottervein United Methodist Church Cemetery, Perry County, Ohio. The 1820 Census was taken on 7 August 1820, so I’d expect Elizabeth to be with Charles. Finding her with 2nd husband in the 1830 Census makes perfect sense. Children of Elizabeth born before August 1821 are likely Charles’. According to Charles’ will, he had two children. They are presumed to be with Elizabeth.
With that task out of the way, I can focus on the Walter’s in Fairfield County during the 1820 Census. Fairfield became a county with the creation of Ohio as a state in 1803. The county lost area in creating several other counties between 1804 and 1818. Then it remained stable in size until 1850, when Hocking County was enlarged.[ii]
The date for the 1820 census was 7 August. So I would expect to find:
James and Margaret Ann (Swann) Walter were married.
James was 68
Margaret was 60.
Martin was 41
Nancy was about 32 and likely married to FNU Lewis.
Elkanah was 31 and married to Rachael Decker (age 30). They have two boys (Harvy & James).
Catherine was 26 and married to David Swayze. They have two girls.
Elizabeth was 23 and married to Charles Stockard. They had two children.
James C. was 20. He may or may not be married to Polly LNU.
John was about 16.
Several Walker family members made it to Ohio before the 1820 Census.
Elkanah Walters – Richland, Fairfield County, Ohio.
Elkanah appeared as “Elkana” in 1820 with no surname. It was indexed as “Elkana Warner” because the entry did not have his surname entered, and the transcriber used the surname above his entry.
The household consists of four people
1 Male 16-26 I believe this to be an entry error. Elkanah might be 31.
1 Female 26-46 This should be Rebecca, age 30.
2 Males <10 This should be Harvy, Age 2
This should be James, Age 4 mos.
Catherine Ann Dent Walter, wife of David Swayze – Richland, Fairfield County, Ohio 7 August 1820
The Swayze family of 1820 should consist of David, age 24, and Catherine, age 26, plus two children, both girls, Elizabeth, age 2 & Emily age seven months. It is unclear where they lived. They were in New Salem, Fairfield County, Ohio, in 1822 and in Virginia about 1818. So it is unclear when they removed to Ohio.
One David Sweazy Family consisted of the following:
Males – Under 10: 1 Unknown Male
Males – 16 thru 25: 1 David Swayze, Age 24
Males – 26 thru 44: 1 Unknown Male
Females – Under 10: 1 Elizabeth, age 2 – Emily Missing
It is possible that Emily was enumerated mistakenly as a male. And that siblings or boarders were living with David and Elizabeth making up the two unknown people (maybe a sibling and spouse). However, I am not confident that David and Elizabeth were in Fairfield County, Ohio, in 1820. Because of the inconsistencies and uncertainty, I cannot accept this as my 3rd great-grandparents and family. It could be a different, heretofore unknown, David Swayze.
David Swayze, Sr.
David’s father, David Swayze, and his mother, Alice, moved to Fairfield County, Ohio, about 1805.
Their family should consist of David (age 58) Alice (51), and their children: Mary (age 26), David (24), Jane (23), Sarah (21), Evan (18), Elizabeth (16), Edith (13), Daniel (10), and William (6).
The 1820 Census lists two David Swayze families in Fairfield County, Ohio.
One David Sweazy Family consists of the following:
Males – Under 10: 2 William (6) and Daniel (10)
Males – 16 thru 25: 1 Evan (18)
Males – 26 thru 44: 3 Three unknown males were born (1776-1794)
Charles Stockard was the first husband of 4th great aunt Elizabeth Rebekah (Walter) Stockard (later Gurley). His will was made 23 November 1820 and was filed with the court on 8 January 1821. (Which presumes he had already died.) It mentions his wife, Elizabeth, and his two children, Margaret and William. Witnesses are James Planno, David Swazzo, and Elkena Walters. Elkena is Elizabeth’s brother. David Swazzo is likely David Swayze, Elizabeth’s brother-in-law. James Planno is unknown (for now). The two children were also unknown before and are tentatively attributed to Elizabeth.
<<PAGE 70>> (lower half)
— name of God amen I Charles Stockard being wea- — —— –
——sound and perfect mind and memory do make and———-
——– last will add testament in manner and form follow—–
————First I give and bequeath unto my beloved wife Elizabeth
—– kard all my ready money and all the money that is due me
——-different persons living in the State of Virginia which in in Chrise
—–ttles hands for collection and all my goods and Chatties of what kind
and nature soever for her to purchase a comfortable farm and to have
and to held the same until my two Children Margaret and William
Stockard arrives of the age of twenty one years then the land
equally divided between them after my dearly beloved wife Elizabeth Stockards proper dower is set off to her and it is my desire for her to
raise the two Children and give them good schooling and in case
of the decease of my Children then my beloved wife to have the
whole farm whom I appoint my sole Executrix of this my last
will and testament by me made in witness whereof I have hereunto
set my hand and seal this 23rd day of November in the year of our
Lord one thousand and eight hundred and twenty
Charles X Stockard
Signed sealed puolished and declared by the
above named Charles stockard to be his last
will and testament in presence of us who have
hereunto subscribed our names as witnesses
in presence of the Testator.
James Planno, David Swazzo, Elkena Walters
Fairfield County Ohio ss at a special Court of Common pleas Holden
at Lancaster in and for the county aforesaid on the 8th day of January 1821 the foregoing last will and Testament of Charles Stockard is preduced and proven by Elkena Waters and David Swazzo two of the Subscribing witnesses and ordered to be recorded and that the letters testementary thereof be a ____ to the Executrix therein named
Atteste Hugh Boyle, Clk. F.C.
[i] John Newmark started the “Amanuensis Monday” category in 2009 on his Blog, Transylvanian Dutch and many bloggers have followed suit using the tag. Google provides the following meaning for amanuensis: “A literary or artistic assistant, in particular one who takes dictation or copies manuscripts.”
Following families in the early census records is always tricky and following a woman through census records before 1840 is especially difficult. Margaret Ann (Swann) Walter is challenging. So, if I could follow her children in the censuses, I might see her in one of their households.
Margaret died in New Salem, Fairfield County, Ohio, in 1826. The date she came to Ohio is still unknown. I have not been successful in finding her husband, James Walter, in the 1830 Census, even though he died in Rushville, Ohio, in 1838. Even though she had already passed, I wanted to begin with the 1830 Census and see what I could find for her children.
Elkanah Walters – Richland, Fairfield County, Ohio
The 1830 US Census lists 14 heads of household with the surname Walter, Walters, Watter, or Waller.
1 Male 5-10 James (age 9) b. 1820
1 Males 10-15 Harvy (age 12) b. 1818
1 Male 20-30 UNKNOWN MALE – (born 1800-1810)
1 Male 40-50 Elkanah (age 49)
1 Female <5 Margrate (age 1) b. 1829
2 Female 5-10 Adaline (age 5) b. 1824
Caroline (age 7) b. 1822
1 Female 30-40 Rachel (age 40) b. 1890
Elkanah and Rachel (Decker) are believed to have married on 6 November 1814. If the unknown male was born in 1810, Rachel would have been 20 but was born before they were married. On the other hand, if the unidentified male was born closer to 1800, he would have been 10 to 15 years younger than Elkanah. An age that fits either of Elkanah’s younger brothers (James or John). I suspect this is either James or John. As I believe John was enumerated (see below), I suspect this is James. James C. Walters does appear in the 1840 Census in Liberty, Fairfield County, Ohio.
Catherine (Walters) Swayze – Catherine married David Swayze in 1817.
In 1830, David Swayze appeared in the census for Walnut Township, Fairfield County, Ohio, page 198, 4th from bottom.
1 Male 30-40 David (Age 34 b. 1796)
1 Female < 5 S.B. (age 2 b. 1828)*
2 Females 10-15 Emily (Age 10 b. 1820)
Elizabeth (age 12 b. 1818)
1 Female 30-40 Rachel (age 40 b. 1890)
* Note: Daughter Margaretta was born about 1821 and died on 18 October 1823. There are two other children, Angeline and William, who I believe were born between 1824 and 1826 and died before 1830.
John Walter – Berne, Fairfield County, Ohio – Page 139, Line 2 above from bottom.
1 Male 20-29 John (over 25 b. bef. 1804)
2 Females < 5 FNU-D1 (under 5 (1825-1830)
FNU-D2 (under 5 (1825-1830)
1 Female 20-29 Belinda (Unknown age)
Fits criteria expected for John Walter (bef. 1804-____), son of James and Margaret (Swann) Walter.
Nancy (Walters) Lewis.
Nancy was born in 1788 and would be about 42 years old in 1830 and likely married to FNU Lewis. There were seven Lewis households enumerated in Fairfield County during the 1830 Census.
William – 9 in the household – No females over 29.
Thomas – 3 in the household – No females over 20.
James – 4 in the household – No females over 20.
Juda – 6 in the household – Colored.
Daniel – 2 in the household – Colored.
Thomas H – 6 in the household – 1 female 30-39
John – 7 in the household – 1 female 30-39
So, Nancy either lived outside of Fairfield County, Ohio, had her age reported incorrectly, or died before 1830. More research is needed.
Elizabeth Rebekah (Walters) Gurley.
Elizabeth was born in 1788 and would be about 42 years old in 1830, and possibly married to either Charles Stockard or James Gurley (I don’t know which was first.) Charles Stockard doesn’t appear in Fairfield County during the 1830 Census. James Gurley appears in the 1830 Census. His household has seven people, including a female 30 to 39 years old that could be Elizabeth. I need to do more research to determine Elizabeth’s marriages and children to know if this is Elizabeth (née Walter) or a different James Gurley or a different wife of his.
Conclusion – The Walter family in 1830
James Location Unknown
Margaret Died in 1826
Martin Location Unknown
Nancy Location Unknown
Elkanah and his family were in Richland Twp, Fairfield County, Ohio
Catherine Married to David Swayze – Walnut Twp, Fairfield County, Ohio
Elizabeth Probably married to James Gurley; lived in Fairfield County, Ohio
James C. Probably living with Elkanah.
John and family – Berne Twp, Fairfield County, Ohio.
Determine Elizabeth’s marriages and children to know if this is Elizabeth (née Walter) or if it is a different James Gurley or a different wife of his.
Next I’ll continue looking for the Walters in the 1820 Census, particularly James, Margaret, Martin, and Nancy.
1830 Census – Ohio, Fairfield, Walnut – Page 198 – David Swayze -. “United States Census, 1830,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XH5L-GYL : 20 February 2021), David Swayze, Walnut, Fairfield, Ohio, United States; citing 198, NARA microfilm publication M19, (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 130; FHL microfilm 337,941.
1830 Census – Elkanah Walters – Rushville, Fairfield, Ohio. “United States Census, 1830,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XH5L-5N4 : 19 August 2017), Elkanah Walters, Richland, Fairfield, Ohio, United States; citing 259, NARA microfilm publication M19, (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 130; FHL microfilm 337,941.
1830 Census – Ohio, Fairfield, Berne, page 139 (2nd line from the bottom) – John Walter. “United States Census, 1830,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XH5L-LMF : 20 February 2021), John Walter, Bern, Fairfield, Ohio, United States; citing 139, NARA microfilm publication M19, (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 130; FHL microfilm 337,941.
Family Search has profile KZHN-T1Y for Margaret. Ancestry has a confusing number of trees for Margaret. Some indicate she was born in 1758 or 1760 in Charles County, Maryland. Other trees suggest she was born in 1771. Some have the correct parents, some different parents.]
* Individuals marked with an asterisk have not been researched by me and are tentative or speculative.
Margaret Ann Swann Walter (1760-1826)
Birth records for colonial women are sparse. A DAR application for her husband indicates she was born in Maryland, and an “Excerpt from a Book of Remembrance” indicates she was born in 1760. I tend to believe DAR accepted facts are accurate for Patriots, but I’m not sure I think their info for spouses of Patriots is to be trusted. Similarly, I’ve not found the source for A Book of Remembrance. I’ll ask the individual who added the info to Margaret’s FamilySearch Memories for further source information.
Various researchers have other dates for Margaret, daughter of Samuel and Catherine (Dent) Swann.
One suggests Margaret was born in 1758, but sources that fact to a record showing her parents to be Thomas & Ann Swann.
Others suggest Margaret was born in 1771 or 1772 without cited source records. If so, Nancy would have been born when she was 16. They also don’t provide for any marriage date. My records indicate Margaret and James married in 1783. Being married at 11 is very unlikely in colonial America, so I suspect the 1771 & 1772 birth dates are incorrect.
I’ve decided to accept 1760 in Maryland as Margaret’s birth information tentatively. Hopefully, further research into the Swann line, particularly her parents and siblings, will shed additional light on Margaret’s Birth Information
FamilySearch indicates that Samuel and Catherine (Dent) Swann had 17 children, including Margaret. (Margaret is the 10th child.) Siblings include John Robert, Basil, Alexander, Zephaniah, Ann, Josiah, Henry, Leonard, Charles, Samuel Hatch, Edward Burch, Philip, Anna, Elizabeth, John, and Thomas Mercer Swann. However, my records indicate Samuel and Catherine had 11 children, and Margaret was the 3rd.
Margaret and James Walter married “after the war.” (Which ended 19 April 1783.) Nancy Ann was born about 1788, so I suspect Margaret and James were married about 1787. However, the Official Roster of the Soldiers of the American Revolutions Buried in the State of Ohio indicates that James married Margaret Ann Levan, suggesting she was married earlier. Martin Walter, born in 1779, could be James’ or Margaret’s child from a previous marriage.
Much of the information known about Margaret comes from the will of Samuel Swann. In the will, dated 1807, he gave 1/8th of his property. The distribution of the will in December 1809 included 1/8 of the sundry property going to Margaret.
After the marriage, Margaret and James and Margaret lived in Frederick County, Virginia, before locating to Fairfield County, Ohio.
Margaret died in 1826 at New Salem, Ohio at the age of 66.
Events by Location
Margaret relocated westward about 350 miles during her lifetime.
Maryland (prob. St. Mary’s County) Birth (1760)
Ohio, Fairfield County, New Salem Death (1826)
Ohio, Fairfield County, Lancaster Death of husband (1838)
Virginia, Frederick Birth of Catherine (1794)
Virginia, Frederick, Winchester Birth of Elizabeth (1796)
Virginia, Montgomery, Big Spring Marriage, Birth of Nancy, Elkanah (1787-1789)
Further Actions / Follow-up
Determine if Martin Walker is the child of James, Margaret, or them together.
Determine Nancy Ann’s husband and if the surname was Levan instead.
Determine BMD information on Margaret’s children.
Research Margaret’s parents & siblings.
Daughters of the American Revolution – DAR “Descendants” Database, Member: Helen J. Roy – National # 455124 – Ancestor # A120153 – Accessed; 30 December 2016. http://services.dar.org/Public/DAR_Research/search/?Tab_ID=3.
Daughters of the American Revolution – Supporting Documentation, DAR, A120153 M455124 – Pages 6-9 – Deed of Trust. Daughters of the American Revolution All Rights Reserved. Copy Services A120153 M455124.
FamilySearch Memories, Family Search, Margaret Swan – Stories – Excerpt From Book of Remembrance. Contributed by Brian_Scheewe – 13 February 2022. https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/memories/KZHN-T1Y.
FamilySearch Memories, Family Search, Margaret Swan – Stories – Great-great Grandfather – Written by Emily Swayzee McCarty. Contributed by Brian_Scheewe – 13 February 2022. https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/memories/KZHN-T1Y.
Maryland Register of Wills Records, 1629-1999, Hall of Records, Annapolis, Samuel Swann – 20 November 1807. Wills – 1777-1820 vol 1-3 – Image 543 of 743Maryland Register of Wills Records, 1629-1999,” images, FamilySearch: Accessed 20 May 2014), St. Mary’s > Wills 1777-1820 vol 1-3 > image 543 of 743; Hall of Records, Annapolis. Maryland Register of Wills Records, 1629-1999,” images, FamilySearch: Accessed 20 May 2014), St. Mary’s > Wills 1777-1820 vol 1-3 > image 543 of 743; Hall of Records, Annapolis. https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33SQ-GYMH-9WF4?i=542.
Official Roster of the Soldiers of the American Revolutions Buried in the State of Ohio, (1929), Walter, James. Revolutionary Soldiers 1775-1783 – Page 385. (Archive.org).
[i] Levan is suspiciously similar to the surname Leevir (or Sevir) that Nancy Ann married.