The Lamb’s in the 1871 Census

Census Sunday
By Don Taylor

Note: I intended to post this research before I posted the Sketch about Edward Lamb. I does, however, provide information about how I got to the Edward Lame sketch.

Introduction

Sorting out what happened to Isabella (Atkinson) Lamb has been difficult. I know she married Edward Lamb on 27 November 1853. I believe she had five children with Edward:

    • Jane Born about 1854
    • Ann Born before March 1859[i]
    • Margaret Mary Born 28 April 1860[ii]
    • James Cooper Born between 2 April and 17 May 1862[iii]
    • Edward Born between April and May 1864[iv]

The 1861 Census found the Edward Lamb family living in Warcop at the Fox & Hounds. The census shows:

    • Edward Lamb Head, Age 29 – Victualler[v] – Born in Warcop
    • Isabella Lamb Wife, Age 26  – Born in Long Marton
    • Margaret Lamb Daughter, Age 11 Months – Born in Warcop
    • Dorothy Bradley Visitor (widow) age 77 – Landed Proprietor – born in Warcop.

So, the 1861 Census suggests the following:

    1. Jane and Ann died before 7 April 1861, or I erroneously associated as children of Edward and Isabella.
    2. Dorothy Bradley is likely a person for me to further research, looking for a relationship.

This made me wonder about Jane and Ann.  What were my sources for them? When I reviewed them, the sources I had did not correctly associate Jane as the daughter of Edward and Isabella. I will reapply that association if I find something that fits the association.

So, where were the Lamb’s during the 1871 Census?

Censuses

1871
Edward Lamb

I believe I found Edward Lamb previously in the 1871 Census[vi]. He lived with his widowed mother, Ann Lamb, and his two spinster sisters, Isabella and Mary. Ann is the owner of the House and Land, and Edward is a Labourer. All had been born in West Sandford. Next door to them is John Atkinson (Age 44) and his sister Mary (Age 38).

James Cooper Lamb

James Cooper Lamb has a unique enough name to be easily found. Nine-year-old James is located in the household of his grandfather, John Atkinson, along with his aunt, Ann, and uncle, John. James is attending school (Scholar). John Senior is 70 and a farmer of 73 acres. John (senior) and James were born in Warcop, while John (junior) and Ann were born in Knock.

They are living in Soulby.


Endnotes:

[i] England Births and Christenings, 1538-­1975, Family Search, Ann Lamb – Milburn, Westmorland, England. “England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J3VJ-K4B : 11 February 2018, Isabella in entry for Ann Lamb, 27 Mar 1859); citing , index based upon data collected by the Genealogical Society of Utah, Salt Lake City; FHL microfilm 97,399. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J3VJ-K4B.

[ii] Pennsylvania, Death Certificates, 1906-1967, Margaret McAlister (McAllister) – Died 14 Jan 1929.

Source: Pennsylvania Historic and Museum Commission; Harrisburg, Pennsylvania; Pennsylvania (State). Death certificates, 1906–1967; Certificate Number Range: 000001- 003000. Accessed 9/28/2019.

Ancestry.com. Pennsylvania, Death Certificates, 1906-1967 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2014. https://search.ancestry.com/collections/5164/records/603814218.

[iii] England Births and Christenings, 1538-­1975, Family Search, James Cooper Lamb – Warcop, Westmorland, England. “England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NR9L-K8X : 11 February 2018, James Cooper Lamb, 18 May 1862); citing , index based upon data collected by the Genealogical Society of Utah, Salt Lake City; FHL microfilm 97,420. https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NR9L-K8X.

[iv] England Births and Christenings, 1538-­1975, Family Search, Edward Lamb – Kendal, Westmorland, England – 1864. “England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J7FS-B8Y : 10 February 2018, Isabella in entry for Edward Lamb, ); citing – 2:2ZKX01V, index based upon data collected by the Genealogical Society of Utah, Salt Lake City; FHL microfilm 1,471,686. https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J7FS-B8R.

[v] A Victualler is a person licensed to sell alcoholic liquor.

[vi] 1871 England Census (April 2) (National Archives of the UK), Ancestry, Ann Lamb – Head – Sanford, Westmorland, England. “England and Wales Census, 1871”, database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:V557-7BQ : 28 September 2019), Mary Lamb in entry for Ann Lamb, 1871. https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:V557-7B9.

Sketch – Edward Lamb (b. 1864)

Edward Lamb (1864-___) – son of 2nd great-grandparents Edward and Isabella (Atkinson) Lamb

Darling-McAllister-Lamb
By Don Taylor

Photo of Don Taylor with cat Nasi.During my Isabella (Atkinson) Lamb research, I found I needed to look more closely at her children in hopes to understand her life better. Following her son Edward, I was able to add more information about Isabella’s life.

Relationships

What I Know

Birth – Edward was born between 1 April and 22 May 1864 (Christening date) in Kendal, Westmorland, England.[ii]

Christening – Edward was Christened on 22 May 1864 in Kendal, Westmorland, England. His father is Edward Lamb, who was an innkeeper and whose abode was Exchange Inn. Vicar John Cooper performed the ceremony. His mother was Isabella [Lamb].[iii]

Military Service – Family tradition indicated that Margaret Lamb had a brother who was an officer in the Indian Army, British Service. Subsequent research showed the brother mentioned was likely James Cooper Lamb and not Edward.

What Others Think They Know

Family Search ID is 9KKX-M2Q.

Ancestry: Edward is not in any trees except for mine.

My New Research – Ancestry

1901 Census

The 1901 Census record appears to be a key document in understanding much of Edward and his mother’s life. It shows that both Edward and his mother were mobile, as the 1901 Census finds them 40 miles from Appleby-in-Westmorland in Broughton, Lancashire, living at 6 Kenneth Street. The household consists of:

Name Relationship Age Occupation Born
Edward Lamb Head 34 <unreadable> Westmorland, Kendal
Isabella Lamb Mother-Wid. 64 Housekeeper (Domestic) Westmorland, Knock
Isabella Jeffrey g. Daur 21 Paper Bag Maker Lanca[shire], Manchester
Lily Jeffrey g. Daur 14 Llandaff, Wales
William Carruthers Border 63 Joiner Cumberland, Carlisle

Clearly, 34-year-old Edward is not old enough to have two granddaughters, so it appears that the relationship must not be with the “head;” instead, it must be with his mother, Isabella.

Isabella had three known daughters. Margaret married Peter McAllister in 1878, so 14-year-old Lily can’t be her daughter. So, Isabella and Lily Jeffrey must be the daughters of either Jane, Ann, or a heretofore unknown daughter.[iv]

1891 Census

Finding Edward and his mother, Isabella, made it easy to find them in the 1891 England Census. Again, they live at 6 Kenneth Street, Broughton (Near Salford), Lancashire, England. However, this time William Carruthers is both the husband of Isabella and the “father” of Edward. Eleven-year-old Isabella Jeffrey is listed as the daughter.

Name Relationship Age Occupation Born
William Carruthers Head 55 Joiner C Cumberland, Upper Down
Isabella Lamb Wife 55 Westmorland, Knock
Edward Lamb Son 27 Builders Labourer Westmorland, Kendal
Isabella Jeffrey Daur 11 Scholar Lanca[shire], Manchester

Of course, this Census makes me wonder where Lily Jeffrey is. I also wonder if this family unit was ever “legal” or was it an “apparent relationship.” With so many relationships inconsistent between the 1891 and 1901 censuses, the data is suspect. Further clarification is needed.

I believe William and Isabella were living together and just said they were married. This is particularly interesting because Edward’s actual father (Edward Lamb Sr.) was still living.

1881 Census

The 1881 Census is again a confusing set of relationships. It indicates that Edward the head of the household, even though he is only 17-years-old. They live at 109 Charlotte Street, Broughton in Salford, Lancashire.

Name Relationship Age Occupation Born
Edward Lamb Head 17 Brewery Man Westmorland
William Carruthers Border (Mar. 45 Joiner Cumberland
Annie Jeffey Dau. (Mar.) 22 Laundress Westmorland
Isabell Jeffey GrandDau 2 Lancaster

 Although some of the relationships don’t make sense, it is clear that little two-year-old Isabel is the daughter of Ann, and Ann was likely married a [FNU] Jeffey. It also keeps the question alive, where was Isabella, the wife of Edward Lamb, in 1881 if not with her husband and not with her son Edward?

1871 Census

A further search for Edward Lamb, born in Westmorland, failed to yield any results. There was an 8-year-old Edward Lamb, the son of Joseph and Ellen Lamb, living in Lancashire. However, this is an unlikely match.

Conflicts / Do not confuse with

Do Not Confuse with:

    • Edward Lamb, born Oct 1864, Chorlton, Lancashire.
    • Edward Lamb, born Jan 1864, Salford, Lancashire.
    • Edward Lamb, born Oct 1863, Bolton, Lancashire.

I find many of the relationships reported in the census records confusing and conflicting. I do discuss some of the relationships in the above texts.

Conclusion

Thanks to my tracing Edward, the son, I found Isabella in the 1901 and 1891 censuses.

Follow-up – Plans

Perform a similar search of Isabella (Atkinson) Lamb’s other children.


Endnotes

[i] Some would say Edward is a Third-Great Uncle. I prefer 2nd great-granduncle. To me the brother of a parent is an uncle. The brother of a grandparent is then a grand uncle and the brother of a great-grand parent would be a great-grand uncle.

[ii] England and Wales Birth Registration Index, 1837-2008, Family Search, Edward Lamb – 1864 – Keldal, Westmorland, England. “England and Wales Birth Registration Index, 1837-2008,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:2XM7-1M6 : 1 October 2014), Edward Lamb, 1864; from “England & Wales Births, 1837-2006,” database, findmypast (http://www.findmypast.com : 2012); citing Birth Registration, Kendal, Westmorland, England, citing General Register Office, Southport, England. https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:2XM7-1M6.

[iii] England Births and Christenings, 1538-­1975, Family Search, Edward Lamb – Kendal, Westmorland, England – 1864. “England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J7FS-B8Y : 10 February 2018, Isabella in entry for Edward Lamb, ); citing – 2:2ZKX01V, index based upon data collected by the Genealogical Society of Utah, Salt Lake City; FHL microfilm 1,471,686. https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J7FS-B8R.

[iv] The 1881 Census helped provide clarification regarding the Jeffey girls.

 

Ancestor Sketch – Isabella Atkinson

Darling-McAllister-Lamb-Atkinson Line
By Don Taylor

Photo of Don Taylor with cat Nasi.Isabella is one of my most difficult researched individuals. Part of it may be my lack of experience in UK research. However, I am doing my best to follow my process and find the information pertinent to her life.

It appears that her father died while she was a child and was on her own by the time she was 16. She also died young, before she was 36, and her children were also on their own at early ages.

Darling Ancestor #55

List of Grandparents

    • Grandfather: Robert Harry Darling (1907-1969)
    • 1st Great-grandmother: Hannah McAllister Darling White (1886-1913)
    • 2nd Great-grandmother: Margaret Mary Lamb (1860-1929)
    • 3rd Great-grandmother: Isabella Atkinson (1835-before 1871)
    • 4th Great-grandfather: John Atkinson (c. 1800–1840)

Isabella (Atkinson) Lamb (1834 – Between 1864 & 1871)

Birth

Isabella Atkinson’s birth is unknown; however, she was christened on 16 November 1834 in Long Marton, Westmorland, England,[i] the sixth of eight children of John and Elizabeth Atkinson.

Children of John & Elizabeth Atkinson Date of Christening
Thomas Atkinson 8 December 1826
Lancelot Atkinson 22 December 1827
Richard Atkinson 20 February 1830
George Atkinson 21 January 1832
Lucy Atkinson 16 June 1832
Isabella Atkinson 15 November 1834
John Atkinson 25Mar 1837
Ann Atkinson (born) 1838

In the 1870s, Long Marton was described as a township and parish in East Ward district, Westmorland. It was 3½ NW by N of Appleby. The parish included the townships of Brampton and Knock. Its post town was Kirkby-Thore. The population of Long Marton has gone up and down. In 1801 it was only 432 and rose to 819 by 1831. It slowly decreased to 587 in 1911. After WWI, the population grew to be 619 in 1921.[ii]

Church of St Margaret and St James, Long Marton
– Photo by by Humphrey Bolton [CC BY-SA 2.0] via Wikimedia Commons.
The Church of St. Margaret and St. James is where the Atkinson children were christened into the Anglican faith.

Today, Long Marton is a village and civil parish in the Eden District of Cumbria, England. In 2011, the population was 827. The area is mostly farmland. The postal office is Appleby in Westmorland. [iii]

Childhood – (Consider Potential Records for each of the following.)

The 1841 Census finds six-year-old Isabella living at home with her parents. Fourteen-year-old Brother Lancelot is missing in the Census, so I suspect he died young. The family was enumerated living in Knock.

Although I haven’t found direct evidence, it appears that Isabella’s father died between 1841 and 1851. He isn’t found in the 1851 Census, and the children are spread in several different locations.[iv] I found six-year-old Isabell working as a servant in the household of Elizabeth Wade in Bongate, Westmorland.[v] Bongate is in Appleby-in-Westmorland, about 3.6 miles south of Long Marton.

Marriage

Isabella married Edward Lamb on 27 November 1853 in Warcop, Westmorland, England. Warcop is about 5 miles southeast of Bongate (Appleby-in-Westmorland). Edward and Isabella had five children, namely:

Child Birth Marriage Death
Jane About 1852
Ann Before 1859
Margaret Mary 28 April 1860 22 August 1878
Peter McAllister
14 January 1929
James Cooper April or May 1862 20 April 1898
Edward April or May 1864

Residences

  • 1859   Sanford (in Warcop) When Daughter Ann was born.
  • 1861   Census – Lived at thFox & Hounds – Warcop, Carlisle (Ecclesiastical District).
    • Edward Lamb     29     Head    Mar      29     Victualler   Warcop*
    • Isabella Lamb     26     Wife     Mar      26                            Long Marton*
    • Margaret Lamb   11/12 Dau.    N/A       11 mos.                  Warcop*
    • Dorathy Bradley  77     Visitor  Widow  77      Landed Proprietor  Warcop*

* All birth locations are Westmorland.

[That neither Jane nor Ann appear in the 1861 Census suggests they passed.]

  • 1862   Warcop, Westmorland – When son James Cooper was born.
  • 1864   Kendal, Westmorland – When son Edward was born.

Death

I have been unsuccessful in finding Isabella in the 1871 England Census. Her husband, Edward Lamb, is living with his mother and two sisters[vi]. Her son James is living with his maternal grandfather, John Atkinson. I have also been unsuccessful finding her daughter, Margaret, or son, Edward, in the 1871 Census, although there are several candidates. I will need to research the candidates further to sort out the relationships to make sure which are most likely.

Events by Location – Google Earth

All locations are in Westmorland, England

  • Bongate (Appleby)    1851
  • Knock                         1841
  • Long Marton              Christening
  • Sanford                       1859, 1862,
  • Warcop                       Marriage

All locations are within five miles of Appleby in Westmorland.

Locations in Isabella Atkinson Lamb’s life – Image courtesy Google Earth.

Further Actions / Follow-up

  • Find John and Elizabeth Atkinson’s children during the 1851 Census.
  • Determine BMD information for all of Edward and Isabella (Atkinson) Lamb’s children.
  • Find Margaret and Edward Lamb in the 1871 Census

Sources

  • 1841 England and Wales Census – 6 June, Various, John Atkinson – Knock, Parish of Long Marton, Westmorland. Class: HO107; Piece: 1158; Book: 1; Civil Parish: Long Marton; County: Westmorland; Enumeration District: 10a; Page: 1; Line: 1; GSU roll: 464189.
  • 1851 England and Wales Census – 30 March, Ancestry, Isabella Atkinson (Servent) – Elizabeth Wade (Head) – Bongate, Westmorland, England. Class: HO107; Piece: 2439; Folio: 125; Page: 20; GSU roll: 87120. Description: Enumeration District: 7.
  • 1861 England and Wales Census – April 7, Ancestry, Edward Lamb – Class: RG 9; Piece: 3958; Folio: 8; Page: 9; GSU roll: 543213. Ancestry.com. 1861 England Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2005. https://search.ancestry.com/collections/8767/records/13303817.
  • England & Wales, Christening Index, 1530-1980, Ancestry, Isabella Atkinson – 16 November 1834. https://search.ancestry.com/collections/1351/records/5838538/.
  • England and Wales Marriage Registration Index, 1837-2005, Family Search, Edward Lamb & Isabella Atkinson Oct-Nov-Dec 1858. “England and Wales Marriage Registration Index, 1837-2005,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:2D78-XDF : 13 December 2014), Edward Lamb, 1858; from “England & Wales Marriages, 1837-2005,” database, findmypast (http://www.findmypast.com : 2012); citing 1858, quarter 4, vol. 10B, p. 838, East Ward, Westmorland, England, General Register Office, Southport, England.
  • England Births and Christenings, 1538-­1975, Family Search, Ann Lamb – Milburn, Westmorland, England. “England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J3VJ-K4B : 11 February 2018, Isabella in an entry for Ann Lamb, 27 March 1859); citing, index based upon data collected by the Genealogical Society of Utah, Salt Lake City; FHL microfilm 97,399. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J3VJ-K4B.
  • England Births and Christenings, 1538-­1975, Family Search, Edward Lamb – Kendal, Westmorland, England – 1864. “England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J7FS-B8Y : 10 February 2018, Isabella in an entry for Edward Lamb, ); citing – 2:2ZKX01V, index based upon data collected by the Genealogical Society of Utah, Salt Lake City; FHL microfilm 1,471,686. https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J7FS-B8R.
  • England Births and Christenings, 1538-­1975, Family Search, James Cooper Lamb – Warcop, Westmorland, England. “England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NR9L-K8X : 11 February 2018, James Cooper Lamb, 18 May 1862); citing, index based upon data collected by the Genealogical Society of Utah, Salt Lake City; FHL microfilm 97,420. https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NR9L-K8X.
  • England Births and Christenings, 1538-­1975, Family Search, Margaret Lamb – Warcop, Westmorland, England. “England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J7WF-BQQ : 11 February 2018, Margaret Lamb, 2 September 1860); citing, index based upon data collected by the Genealogical Society of Utah, Salt Lake City; FHL microfilm 97,420. https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J7WF-BQQ.
  • England Marriages, 1538–1973, Family Search, Edward Lamb – Isabella Atkinson. “England Marriages, 1538–1973,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NLDC-RL8 : 10 February 2018), Edward Lamb and Isabella Atkinson, 27 November 1853; citing Warcop, Westmorland, England, reference, index based upon data collected by the Genealogical Society of Utah, Salt Lake City; FHL microfilm 0924744 IT 3, 97420. https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NLDC-RL8.
  • GRO – Entry of Death, General Register Office, Isabella Lamb – Death Registry, Kirkby Stephen, Westmorland 0 1917. https://www.gro.gov.uk/gro/content/certificates/login.asp.

Endnotes

[i] England & Wales, Christening Index, 1530-1980, Ancestry, Isabella Atkinson – 16 Nov 1834. https://search.ancestry.com/collections/1351/records/5838538/.

[ii] Wikipedia – Long Marton – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Long_Marton

[iii] Ibid.

[iv] I will investigate the locations of all the Atkinson children during the 1851 Census in a future post.

[v] 1851 England and Wales Census – March 30, Ancestry, Isabella Atkinson (Servent) – Elizabeth Wade (Head) – Bongate, Westmorland, England. Class: HO107; Piece: 2439; Folio: 125; Page: 20; GSU roll: 87120. Description: Enumeration District: 7.

[vi] 1871 England Census (April 2) (National Archives of the UK), Ancestry, Ann Lamb – Head – Sanford, Westmorland, England. “England and Wales Census, 1871”, database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:V557-7BQ : 28 September 2019), Mary Lamb in entry for Ann Lamb, 1871. https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:V557-7B9.

Isabella Atkinson & the Censuses.

Darling-McAllister-Lamb-Atkinson
Census Sunday
By Don Taylor

Photo of Don Taylor with cat Nasi.Following families in the early census records is always difficult and I find English Census records particularly difficult to follow.

To the best of my research, Isabella Atkinson (my wife’s 3rd great-grandmother on her maternal line) was born between 1834 and 1835 in Long Marton, Westmorland, England. She married Edward Lamb in 1853. So, during the 1851 Census, she should have been sixteen or seventeen years old and, hopefully, living with her parents. But alas, no such luck.

Isabella in the Censuses

1851 Census[i]

There is one Isabella Atkinson, born about 1835 in Long Marton, Westmorland, England.

She is living with the widow Elizabeth Wade at Church Stile House. Isabella is a 16-year-old “General Servant.”

1841 Census[ii]

Again, there is one Isabella Atkinson, born about 1834 in Long Marton, Westmorland, England. However, this census appears to have Isabella’s parents and siblings included. The 1841 Census does not provide relationships, however, this appears to be a nuclear family.

  • John Atkinson, 40 – Head – John’s occupation is “Husbandman” (aka farmer).
  • Elizabeth,        35 – Apparent Wife
  • Thomas,          16 – Apparent Son
  • Richard,           11 – Apparent Son
  • George,           9   – Apparent Son
  • Isabella            6   – Apparent Daughter
  • Ann                 3   – Apparent Daughter

Living in Township of Knock in the parish of Long Marton.
Superintendent Registrar’s District of East Ward.
Registar’s District of Appleby
Enumeration District 10.

Marriage

Isabella married Edward Lamb on 27 November 1853. Following her after her marriage we find.

1861 Census[iii]

We find Isabella enumerated with her husband in Warcop, Westmorland, England.

The family unit consists of:

  • Edward Lamb     29     Head    Mar      29     Victualler[iv]   Warcop,
  • Isabella Lamb     26     Wife     Mar      26                       Long Marton,
  • Margaret Lamb   11/12 Dau.    N/A      11 mos.              Warcop,
  • Dorathy Bradley  77     Visitor  Widow  77     Landed Proprietor  Warcop,

(Note: All were Westmorland.)

1871

I have been unsuccessful finding Isabella in the 1871 England Census. It appears that Edward may be living with his mother and two sisters in Sanford during the 1871 Census.[v] Margaret does not appear to be enumerated with Edward.

 1881

Again, I have been unsuccessful in finding Isabella in the 1881 England Census. Edward is enumerated as married, owns his house, and is a landed proprietor. He is also an annuitant. There is no evidence of Isabella with him. Edward and Isabella’s Daughter, Margaret Mary Lamb (1860-1929), has married and is living in Workington with her husband, Peter McAllister (1852-1941).

Conclusion

Edward and Isabella had two other children that were christened after Margaret. James Cooper in 1863 and Edward in 1864. I have been unable to find any records or references to Isabella after 1864.  Consequently, I believe she may have passed between 1864 and the 1871 Census.

Although I feel a sense of frustration not determining Isabella whereabouts after 1864, I am really happy to have determined the names of Isaballa’s parents and four of her siblings.  Maybe researching Isabella’s parents or her siblings will result in a greater understanding of Isabella’s life.


Endnotes & Source Citations:

[i] 1851 England and Wales Census – March 30, Ancestry, Isabella Atkinson (Servent) – Elizabeth Wade (Head) – Bongate, Westmorland, England. Class: HO107; Piece: 2439; Folio: 125; Page: 20; GSU roll: 87120. Description: Enumeration District: 7.

[ii] 1841 England and Wales Census – June 6, Various, John Atkinson – Knock, Parish of Long Marton, Westmorland. Class: HO107; Piece: 1158; Book: 1; Civil Parish: Long Marton; County: Westmorland; Enumeration District: 10a; Page: 1; Line: 1; GSU roll: 464189.

[iii] 1861 England and Wales Census – April 7, Ancestry, Edward Lamb – Class: RG 9; Piece: 3958; Folio: 8; Page: 9; GSU roll: 543213. Ancestry.com. 1861 England Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2005.
Original data: Census Returns of England and Wales, 1861. Kew, Surrey, England: The National Archives of the UK (TNA): Public Record Oice (PRO), 1861. Data imaged from The National Archives, London, England. The National Archives gives no warranty as to the accuracy, completeness or fitness for the purpose of the information provided. Images may be used only for purposes of research, private study or education. Applications for any other use should be made to The National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 4DU. https://search.ancestry.com/collections/8767/records/13303817.

[iv] A victualler is traditionally a person who supplies food, beverages and other provisions for the crew of a vessel at sea, but also may be the landlord of a public house. | Retrieved 29 November 2020, from Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victualler

[v] 1871 England Census – April 2, Ancestry, Ann Lamb – Head – Sanford, Westmorland, England. “England and Wales Census, 1871”, database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:V557-7BQ : 28 September 2019), Mary Lamb in the entry for Ann Lamb, 1871. https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:V557-7B9.